"PeerJ Preprints" is a venue for early communication or feedback before peer review. Data may be preliminary.

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

View peer-reviewed version

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The author declares that there are no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Karen A Garrett contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

The current version of this article describes a methodology and does not include data or code at this point.


This work was supported by the CGIAR Research Program for Roots, Tubers and Bananas; the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change and Food Security (CCAFS); Bioversity International; USDA NIFA grant 2015-51181-24257; the USAID Feed the Future Haiti Appui à la Recherche et au Développement Agricole (AREA) project AID-OAA-A-15-00039; The Ceres Trust; NCR SARE Research and Education Grant LNC13-355; USDA APHIS grant 11–8453–1483-CA; US NSF Grant EF-0525712 as part of the joint NSF-NIH Ecology of Infectious Disease program; US NSF Grant DEB-0516046; and the University of Florida. The contents are the responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID, other funders, or the United States Government. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

Add your feedback

Before adding feedback, consider if it can be asked as a question instead, and if so then use the Question tab. Pointing out typos is fine, but authors are encouraged to accept only substantially helpful feedback.

Some Markdown syntax is allowed: _italic_ **bold** ^superscript^ ~subscript~ %%blockquote%% [link text](link URL)
By posting this you agree to PeerJ's commenting policies
  Visitors   Views   Downloads