Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

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Purpose: To verify the reliability and validity of the Assessment of Positive Occupation 15 (APO-15) in individuals with mental disabilities living in communities or admitted in hospitals. Methods: A sample of 408 individuals with mental disabilities completed...

["Epidemiology","Nursing","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1722v1

Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are considered to be applications-led technology. Consequently, geographic information scientists commonly find themselves as guest in host disciplines in order to best exploit spatial analysis tools and methods, appropriately...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Spatial and Geographic Information Systems"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1721v1

The natural sciences, such as ecology and earth science, study complex interactions between biotic and abiotic systems in order to infer understanding and make predictions. Machine-learning-based methods have an advantage over traditional statistical methods in...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1720v1

Bone Morphogenic Protein 2 (BMP2) is a multipurpose cytokine, important in the development of bone and cartilage, and with a role in tumour initiation and progression. Because of BMP2’s osteogenic properties, a recombinant human version (rhBMP2) has found utility...

["Bioinformatics","Cell Biology","Genomics","Drugs and Devices","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1719v1

Zebrafish (Danio rerio) have emerged as a popular model for studying the pharmacology and behavior of anxiety. While there have been numerous studies documenting the anxiolytic and anxiogenic effects of common drugs in zebrafish, many do not report or test for...

["Animal Behavior","Zoology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1718v1

Monolaurin (also known as glycerol monolaurate) is a natural compound found in coconut oil and is known for its protective biological activities as an antimicrobial agent. The nature of oral candidiasis and the increased antifungal resistance, culminate the need...

["Cell Biology","Microbiology","Dentistry"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1717v1

Twenty-five samples of Bulimulus species are studied, partly from localities within their known distribution range, partly based on interceptions where the material originates from localities where the species seem to be recently introduced and non-native. Molecular...

["Biogeography","Molecular Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1716v1
9 downloads
38 views

Recent studies have shown that International medical graduates (IMG) comprise a substantial and increasingly larger share of the medical workforce, internationally. IMGs wishing to work in English-speaking countries face many challenges. And overcoming such challenges...

["Translational Medicine","Science and Medical Education","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1711v2

Microsatellite markers remain an important tool for ecological and evolutionary research, but are unavailable for many non-model organisms. One such organism with rare ecological and evolutionary features is the epizoic barnacle Chelonibia testudinaria (Linnaeus,...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1715v1

Formal argument suggests that command, communication and control systems can remain stable in the sense of the Data Rate Theorem that mandates the minimum rate of control information required to stabilize inherently unstable 'plants', but may nonetheless, under...

["Autonomous Systems","Real-Time and Embedded Systems","Robotics","Theory and Formal Methods"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1714v1
3 downloads
22 views

Identifying patterns and associations in data is fundamental to discovery in science. This work investigates a very simple instance of the problem, where each data point consists of a vector of binary attributes, and attributes are treated equally. For example,...

["Data Mining and Machine Learning","Theory and Formal Methods"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1713v1
4 downloads
107 views

Tethering a fly for stationary flight allows for exquisite control of its sensory input, such as visual or olfactory stimuli or a punishing infrared laser beam. A torque meter measures the the turning attempts of the tethered fly around its vertical body axis....

["Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1712v1
4 downloads
29 views

We explore environmentally-induced tumors in the context of the ongoing conflict between long-evolved cancer control mechanisms and the central flaw of multicellularity, using a number of convergent necessary conditions statistical models based on the Data Rate...

["Evolutionary Studies","Mathematical Biology","Oncology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1709v1
6 downloads
30 views

Background. The shells of molluscs survive well in most sedimentary contexts and yield information about the diet of prehistoric humans. They also yield evidence of symbolic behaviours, through their use as beads for body adornments. Researchers often analyse the...

["Anthropology","Ecology","Marine Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1710v1
14 downloads
61 views

Philodendron is the second most diverse genus of the Araceae, a tropical monocot family with significant morphological diversity along its wide geographic distribution in the Neotropics. Although evolutionary studies of Philodendron were conducted in recent years,...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1708v1
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