Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

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Background. Background matching, as a camouflage strategy, is one of the most outstanding examples of adaptation, where little error or mismatch means high vulnerability to predation. It is assumed that the interplay of natural selection and adaptation are the...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Marine Biology","Zoology","Science and Medical Education"]

Background. Otolith microchemistry applications of finite mixture distribution models (FMDM) describe mixed stocks using three sets of parameters: proportional contributions (pi), baseline parameters (θi) and number of contributing nursery origins (c#). Under ideal...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Computational Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology"]

The population of ring-billed gulls in the upper Midwest has increased exponentially in recent decades leading to a variety of conflicts including property damage, negative economic impacts, threats to human safety, and potential threats to human health. Some studies...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science"]

Preserving species interactions should be a key desired outcome in restoration ecology. With progress in environmental DNA techniques and the dramatic reduction in the cost of high-throughput DNA sequencing, large amounts of information can be gathered on how species...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Genetics","Molecular Biology"]

Nationally, wildlife-aircraft collisions (wildlife strikes) have been increasing over the past 25 years; denoted in the National Wildlife Strike Database that has been maintained by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) since 1990. Increasing wildlife populations...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Zoology"]

We analyzed the synchronous relationship between forest cover and species distribution to explain the contraction in the distribution range of the brown-eared pheasant (Crossoptilon mantchuricum) in China. We consulted ancient texts to determine this pheasant’s...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology","Histology"]

New Zealand has 23 exotic and more than 200 endemic earthworm species. Endemic earthworms disappeared quickly after vegetation clearance and land conversion to agriculture from the early C19th. Environmental changes associated with agronomic practices are believed...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Soil Science","Zoology"]

Background. Ice-ice disease is still a big challenge for seaweed farming that is characterized with “bleaching” symptom. Bacteria are suspected as cause of ice-ice disease on seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii. The 16S rRNA gene sequencing is current technique used...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology"]

While traditional methods for calling variants across whole genome sequence data rely on alignment to an appropriate reference sequence, alternative techniques are needed when a suitable reference does not exist. We present a novel alignment and assembly free variant...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology"]

Background Biological oxidation of methane (CH4) is an essential ecosystem function. Accumulating evidence indicated that this function is mediated by associations of methanotrophic bacteria (MOB) with non-methanotrophic partners; together referred to as a methanotrophic...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs), a typical kind of secondary metabolites in plants, have important roles on defense against herbivores and pathogens; however, specialist herbivores adapted to PAs can use them as cues for oviposition and feeding. Thus, in the native...

["Ecology","Plant Science"]

According to the Evolution of Increased Competitive Ability (EICA) hypothesis and Enemy Release Hypothesis (ERH), comparing the plants from the same species, individuals from the invasive range will outperform those from the native range. However, not all recent...

["Ecology","Plant Science"]

Background: With the possible implications of global warming, the effect of temperature on the dynamics of malaria vectors in Africa has become a subject of increasing interest. Information from the field is, however, relatively sparse. We describe the effect of...

["Ecology","Entomology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases"]

Background. Calomera littoralis is a Palearctic species, widely distributed in Europe; inhabiting predominantly its Atlantic, Mediterranean and Black Sea coastlines. Methods. Its phylogeography on the Balkan Peninsula and on the north-western Black Sea coast was...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Taxonomy"]

Homalozoa are a weird group of echinoderms, for their complete lack of radiate symmetry. Indeed, they are typified by their tendency to marked asymmetric body forms. It has been proposed that they asymmetric forms evolved from bilaterally symmetric ones, but so...

["Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
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