Seasonal population-levelhome range area of sika deer (Cervusnippon yesoensis) of Kushiro Wetland in (A) first winter, (B) summer, and(C) second winter in a year at each capture site
The home range area was estimated by pooling all recorded locations of deer at each capture site and determining the 95% local convex hull for them. The location data used during migration periods excluded the seasonal home range estimation. The periods were defined as all migrant individuals that had not yet initiated migration to next home range as estimated by NSD the method. Red outline, Takkobu home ranges; green outline, Kottaro home ranges; blue outline, embankment home ranges; shaded grey area, Kushiro Wetland; filled blue areas, sea; solid lines, municipality boundaries.
Dates of spring and autumn migration initiation of sika deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis) classified as seasonal migrants in 2014 and 2015, the first day of snow cover*, and loss of snow cover†.
Raw location data of the COAs shown in Figures 2 and 3.
COA location for each individual. COAs were calculated using seasonal home ranges. The X and Y coordinates (in UTM; m) of individual COAs are shown for each season. Seasons are labeled as winter 1 (first winter), summer, and winter 2 (second winter) with period defined via the NSD method (see the Methods section in the manuscript).
Shapefile raw data ofannual population-level home range each capture site for Figure 4
Home range area of deer of Kushiro Wetland in a year each capture site. The home range area was estimated by a 95% local convex hull using all pooled deer location data for a year at the same capture site.
Shapefile containing the raw data of seasonal population-level home ranges for deer collared at each capture site shown in Figure S1
Seasonal population-level home range area of Kushiro Wetland deer in (a) first winter, (b) summer, and (c) second winter for one year at each capture site. The home range area was estimated by a 95% local convex hull using all pooled deer location data at each capture site.
Raw data used tocalculate the values in Table1, Table 2 and conduct the wetland utilizationanalysis
Annual home range size (km 2 ); home range in wetland (km 2 ), amount of the annual home range comprised of wetland habitat (km 2 ); home range outside wetland, amount of home range comprised of non-wetland habitat (km 2 ), percent wetland (%), home range in wetland / annual home range size for each individual. These data are summarized in Table 2 and were statistically analyzed using the R code found in the file “wetland use.r”.
R code for the analysis of wetland use among movement patterns and capture sites.
This script uses the data file “Raw_data_of_Table1_and2_migration_type_and_wetland_use_area.csv” and applies a generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) to the data. The results are summarized and shown in the manuscript.
Raw migration initiation data used to generate the values in Table S1
Migration initiation date for each individual exhibiting movement classified as migration.