This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ Preprints) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.
Cite this article
Chen Q, Xu X, Jiang J, Li J.2018. Transcriptome resequencing analysis of the responses of Ty-5-Mediated resistance to TYLCV via in resistant vs. susceptible tomato cultivars. PeerJ Preprints6:e26578v1https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.26578v1
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) is one of the most devastating viruses of cultivated tomato in both tropical and subtropical regions. Five major genes (Ty-1, Ty-2, Ty-3, Ty-4 and Ty-5) from wild tomato species have been associated with resistance to TYLCV. Researchers have recently attempted to determine the functions of these resistance genes, but molecular mechanisms underlying the observed resistance remain unclear. Here, resistant (cv. CLN3212A-23, carrying Ty-5) and susceptible (cv. Moneymaker) plants were either left untreated (R and S, respectively) or artificially inoculated with TYLCV via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation (RT and ST, respectively). The transcriptomes of the plants in the four groups were then analyzed by RNA-Seq, and the results identified 8,639 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the R and RT groups, 2,818 DEGs between the RT and ST groups, 8,899 DEGs between the S and ST groups, and 707 DEGs between the R and S groups. The gene expression profiles in both the resistant and susceptible tomato cultivars appeared to undergo notable changes after viral inoculation, and functional classification revealed that most DEGs were associated with 18 GO terms. Moreover, the functional classification of the response of Ty-5-carrying tomato plants to TYLCV infection identified the importance of the GO term “response to stimulus” in the BP category, which is related to disease resistance. In addition, 28 genes were significantly enriched in the “Plant hormone signal transduction”, “Carbon metabolism”, “ Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms ” and “ Glutathione metabolism ” pathways. The differential expression levels of 12 select genes were confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR. The present study indicates that the Ty-5 gene activates the expression of multiple genes involved in the resistance process and will aid a more in-depth understanding of the effects of the Ty-5 gene on resistance based on its molecular mechanism with the aim of improving TYLCV disease management in tomato.
This is a submission to PeerJ for review.
Gene Ontology and enrichment of DEGs in different group comparisons, including RT-VS-ST, R-VS-RT, R-VS-S and S-VS-ST