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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Biye Wang conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Wei Guo conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables.

Chenglin Zhou conceived and designed the experiments, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Human Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Shanghai University of Sport (No. 2015014).

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

The raw data has been supplied as a supplementary file.

Funding

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China [grant numbers 31571151]; and the Graduate Education Innovation Project of Shanghai University of Sport [grant number yjscx2016004]. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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