miRDRN – miRNA Disease Regulatory Network: A tool for exploring disease and tissue-specific microRNA regulatory networks
- Subject Areas
- Bioinformatics, Translational Medicine, Medical Genetics, Computational Science, Data Mining and Machine Learning
- service tool, disease target gene, Diseases, comorbidity gene, colorectal cancer, Alzheimer's disease, disease and tissue-specific miRNA-protein regulatory pathway, Type 2 diabetes, anti-AD BACE1 inhibitor drug, disease-associate miRNA
- © 2019 Liu et al.
- This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ Preprints) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.
- Cite this article
- 2019. miRDRN – miRNA Disease Regulatory Network: A tool for exploring disease and tissue-specific microRNA regulatory networks. PeerJ Preprints 7:e27699v1 https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.27699v1
Background. MiRNA regulates cellular processes through acting on specific target genes. Hundreds of miRNAs and their target genes have been identified, as are many miRNA-disease associations. Cellular processes, including those related to disease, proceed through multiple interactions, are often organized into pathways among genes and gene products. Large databases on protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are available. Here, we have integrated the information mentioned above to build a web service platform, miRNA Disease Regulatory Network, or miRDRN, for users to construct disease and tissue-specific miRNA-protein regulatory networks. Methods. Data on human protein interaction, disease-associated miRNA, tumor-associated gene, miRNA targeted gene, molecular interaction and reaction network or pathway, gene ontology, gene annotation and gene product information, and gene expression were collected from publicly available databases and integrated. A complete set of regulatory sub-pathways (RSPs) having the form (M, T, G1, G2) were built from the integrated data and stored in the database part of miRDRN, where M is a disease-associated miRNA, T is its regulatory target gene, G1 (G2) is a gene/protein interacting with T (G1). Each sequence (T, G1, G2) was assigned a p-value weighted by the participation of the three genes in molecular interactions and reaction pathways. Results. A web service platform, miRDRN ( http://mirdrn.ncu.edu.tw/mirdrn/), was built to allow users to retrieve a disease and tissue-specific subset of RSPs, from which a miRNA regulatory network is constructed. miRDRN is a database that currently contains 6,973,875 p-valued sub-pathways associated with 119 diseases in 78 tissue types built from 207 diseases-associated miRNA regulating 389 genes, and a web tool that facilitates the construction and visualization of disease and tissue-specific miRNA-protein regulatory networks, for exploring single diseases, or for exploring the comorbidity of disease-pairs. As demonstrations, miRDRN was applied: to explore the single disease colorectal cancer (CRC), in which 26 novel potential CRC target genes were identified; to study the comorbidity of the disease-pair Alzheimer's disease-Type 2 diabetes (AD-T2D), in which 18 novel potential comorbid genes were identified; and, to explore possible causes that may shed light on recent failures of late-phase trials of anti-AD, BACE1 inhibitor drugs, in which genes downstream to BACE1 whose suppression may affect signal transduction were identified.
This is a submission to PeerJ for review.