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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Eric J Pedersen conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Ryan R.E. Stanley conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Paul V.R. Snelgrove conceived and designed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Frederic Guichard conceived and designed the experiments, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to field study approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

Egg-bearing female American lobsters were collected using commercial trap under Fisheries and Oceans Canada experimental license NL-1339-12.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

Code and data for this paper will be placed on Github, under the main author's page (https://github.com/eric-pedersen).

Funding

We received research and travel funding from the NSERC Canadian Healthy Oceans Network, funding for research and equipment from the Research and Development Corporation of Newfoundland and Labrador, research funding from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, and travel funding from Québec-Océan. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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