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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests. John Bruno is an Academic Editor for PeerJ. Lad Akins works for REEF and William Precht works for Dial Cordy & Associates.

Author Contributions

John F Bruno conceived and designed the experiments, wrote the paper.

Abel Valdivia conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper.

Serena Hackerott conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, wrote the paper.

Courtney E Cox performed the experiments, wrote the paper.

Stephaine Green performed the experiments, wrote the paper.

Isabelle Côté wrote the paper.

Lad Akins performed the experiments, wrote the paper.

Craig Layman contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper.

William Precht contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper.

Grant Disclosures

The following grant information was disclosed by the authors:

National Science Foundation (OCE-0746164 to CAL and OCE-0940019 to JFB)

National Geographic Society Committee for Research and Exploration (grant 8514-08 to JFB)

Funding

This work was funded in part by the National Science Foundation, the National Geographic Society Committee for Research and Exploration, a NSERC Canada Graduate Scholarship (to SJG), the Rufford Small Grants Foundation (to CEC), the Royster Society Carol and Edward Smithwick Dissertation Fellowship (to AV), and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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