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Retrieving the hemodynamic response function (HRF) in fMRI data is important for several reasons. Apart from its use as a physiological biomarker, HRF can act as a confounder in connectivity studies. In task-based fMRI is relatively straightforward to retrieve the HRF since its onset time is known. This is not the case for resting state acquisitions. We present a procedure to retrieve the hemodynamic response function from resting state (RS) fMRI data. The fundamentals of the procedure are further validated by a simulation and with ASL data. We then present the modifications to the shape of the HRF at rest when opening and closing the eyes using a simultaneous EEG-fMRI dataset. Finally, the HRF variability is further validated on a test-retest dataset.
This paper is a thesis chapter, consisting of a recap of a previously published article followed by simulations and applications meant to further validate the procedure.