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Supplemental Information

Self generated verbs from study 1

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.903v1/supp-1

Verb and Label rating data for study 2

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.903v1/supp-2

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Author Contributions

Emma Portch conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Jelena Havelka conceived and designed the experiments, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Charity Brown conceived and designed the experiments, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Roger Giner-Sorolla conceived and designed the experiments, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Human Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

Approval was obtained from the School of Psychology's internal ethics committee at the University of Leeds. This committee follows the guidelines set out by the British Psychological Society’s code of conduct, ethical principles and guidelines (1993). The research was approved on the 24th of February, 2013 and assigned the following ethics reference: 13-0032. Both study 1 and 2 were approved under the same ethics code (application title: 'Processing different emotion words: obtaining affective norms for British English'). Approval was acknowledged via email.


This work was supported by an ESRC studentship, awarded to the first author. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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