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Supplemental Information

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Makoto Kyougoku conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Mutsumi Teraoka conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, wrote the paper.

Human Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

The Ethics Committee of Kibi International University approved this study, protocol #13−01.


JSPS KAKENHI grant number 24792478 supported this study. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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