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Supplemental Information

Naturally colonizing species sampled

Table S1 - Naturally colonizing species sampled. Habit codes S, U, M and T are free-standing, species with maximum heights of 5, 10, 20 and > 30 m, respectively. These species are found in the old-growth forest of Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Most habits and dispersal syndromes come from databases provided by Joe Wright and published in Wright, 2007 ; Wright et al., 2007 ; Wright et al., 2010 . Other sources noted. Species names with an (*) means that those species were observed at frequencies of five stems or more.

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.625v1/supp-1

Newick File

Newick file of species of understory natural recruits and overstory species. Species names are coded using the APG3 six-letters coding system, which is the first four letters of the genus plus the first two letters of the species (see Table S1 for reference).

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.625v1/supp-2

Additional Information

Competing Interests

Daniella Schweizer is a post doctoral associate at the University of São Paulo.

Prof. Gregory S. Gilbert is a full-time professor at the University of California, Santa Cruz, but has scientific affiliation with the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.

Rafael Aizprua is the owner of Flora Tropical , Panama.

Author Contributions

Daniella Schweizer conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Gregory S Gilbert conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Rafael Aizprua performed the experiments.


This research was made possible through the financial support to Daniella Schweizer from the STEPS Institute for Innovation in Environmental Research at UC Santa Cruz, the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, the UCSC Environmental Studies Department, and the Center for Tropical Research in Ecology, Agriculture, and Development (CenTREAD), and to Gregory S. Gilbert from NSF DEB-0515520 and DEB-0842059. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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