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Pre-Print Update. Previous studies suggested Rhodococcus rhodochrous and Bacillus licheniformis cells converted ethylene to a nitrile compound to delay the effects of ripening, (Perry, G. Nov. 9, 2017). However, there may be an alternative compound that plays a more significant role in induced Rhodococcus and Bacillus ability to delay ripening. It has been known for years that Rhodococcus can convert the alkyne compound acetylene to acetaldehyde and potentially ethanol as a secondary product (DeBont, 1980).
This pre-print revisit re-examines the prior data to determine if the tri-phasic system previously discussed in 2017, induced bacteria to convert ethylene and/or propylene into acetaldehyde (a primary product), ethanol (a secondary product), and acetonitrile (a product of ethanol and a subsequent ammoxidation reaction). The acetaldehyde may delay the effects of ripening and inhibit fungal growth, while the nitrile by products enhance early plant development including germination and root elongation. Experimental results suggest an inducible monooxygenase or dioxygenase like enzyme is required to facilitate this process.
This pre-print re-visits my prior submission published Nov. 19, 2018. There is little additional data, the proposed pathway has been modified.