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Gustavsson MB, Magnér J, Carney Almroth B, Eriksson MK, Sturve J, Backhaus T.2017. Chemical monitoring of Swedish coastal waters indicates common exceedances of environmental thresholds, both for individual substances as well as their mixtures. PeerJ Preprints5:e2894v1https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.2894v1
Chemical pollution was monitored and assessed along the Swedish west coast. 62 of 172 analyzed organic chemicals were detected in the water phase of at least one of five monitored sites. A Concentration Addition based screening-level risk assessment indicates that all sites are put at risk from chemical contamination, with total risk quotients between 2 and 9. Only at one site did none of the individual chemicals exceeded its individual environmental threshold (PNEC, EQS). The monitoring data thus demonstrate a widespread blanket of diffuse pollution, with no clear trends amongst sites. Further issues critical for the environmental chemical risk assessment include the challenges to achieve sufficiently low levels of detection especially for hormones and cybermethrin (a pyrethroid insecticide), the appropriate consideration of non-detects and the limited availability of reliable PNECs and EQS values.
This is a preprint version of a manuscript submitted to a peer-reviewed journal.
The file contains the supporting table 1 and 2, containing environmental thresholds for the marine compartment, as well as the sources of those thresholds