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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests

Author Contributions

Andrew L Hipp conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, prepared figures and/or tables, authored or reviewed drafts of the paper, approved the final draft.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

This paper is an opinion piece; there are no raw data or code involved in this study.


The author’s work on oaks has been funded by The Morton Arboretum Center for Tree Science, The American Philosophical Society, Michigan Botanical Society, a Fulbright Fellowship funded by the Franco-American Commission, National Science Foundation Award 1146488, and USDA Agreement Number 58-8020-5-005, project number 8020-21000-070-03S. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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