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Rodrigues PR, Araújo MF, Rocha TL, Veloso RVS, Pantoja LA, Santos AS.2018. Evaluation of buriti endocarp as lignocellulosic substrate for second generation ethanol production. PeerJ Preprints6:e26777v1https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.26777v1
The production of lignocellulosic ethanol is one of the most promising alternatives to fossil fuels, however, this technology still faces many challenges related to the viability of the alcohol in the market. In this paper the endocarp of buriti fruit was assessed for ethanol production. The whole fruit was characterized physically and chemically and its endocarp submitted to acid and alkaline pre-treatments, which were optimized through the use of surface response methodology for removal of hemicellulose and lignin, respectively. Hemicellulose content was reduced by 88% after acid pretreatment. Alkaline pre-treatment reduced the lignin content in the recovered biomass from 11.8% to 4.2% and increased the concentration of the cellulosic fraction to 88.5%. The pre-treated biomass was saccharified by the action of cellulolytic enzymes and, in the optimized condition, was able to produce 110 g of glucose per L of hydrolyzate. Alcoholic fermentation of the enzymatic hydrolyzate bio-catalized by Saccharomyces cerevisiae resulted in a fermented medium with 4.3% ethanol and YP/S of 0.33.
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Fermentation of pretreated and hydrolyzed buriti endocarp, raw data
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