Results of PERMANOVA analysis
p-values were obtained using 9999 Monte Carlo samples from the asymptotic permutation distribution. Significant results are in bold.
Results of fertility tests
Mean percentage (± standard deviation) of fertilized eggs and four-arm echinoplutei obtained from tests of fertility performed on US individuals from both zones during the months of maximum gonadal development.
non-metric Multi-Dimensional Scaling for algal cover
nMDS ordination on algal cover of all replicate quadrats. White plots = take zone; black plots = no-take zone; triangles = July ’13; squares = January ’14; circles = May ’14.
Sea surface temperatures
Mean values (± standard deviation) of water temperature (SST) registered from June 2013 to May 2014. Squares = take zone; circles = no-take zone.