This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ Preprints) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.
Cite this article
Tzintzun-Camacho O, Sánchez-Segura L, Minchaca-Acosta AZ, Rosales-Colunga LM, Hernández-Orihuela AL, Martínez-Antonio A.2016. Development of a bacterial culture medium from avocado seed waste. PeerJ Preprints4:e2104v1https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.2104v1
Avocado (Persea americana Mill) seeds, a rich source of starch and micronutrients, are a major waste product from the agroindustrial processing of avocados. Here we designed and developed an experimental culture medium (ECM) from hydrolysed avocado seeds, supplemented with M9 salts (10% v/v). Breaking of starch granules of avocado seeds due to hydrolysis treatments was analysed by morphology and morphometry of granules. We evaluated the ECM functionality by measuring the growth of Escherichia coli as affected by (i) the carbon source (reducing sugars concentration), (ii) the nitrogen source, and (iii) mixing and aeration in a stirred tank bioreactor. ECM containing 13.33 and 20 g/L of reducing sugars reached a biomass production of 1.75 and 2.22 gDCW/L, respectively. The biomass yield from ECM was at least 2.5-fold higher than that obtained using Luria-Bertani Broth (LB) medium (0.23 vs 0.09). In addition, the growth rate increased with the agitation velocity (0.44 h-1 at 200 rpm; 0.36 h-1 at 150 rpm). Our findings suggest that avocado seeds represent a cost-effective material for producing a sustainable culture medium for bacterial growth of E. coli and other strains of interest in biotechnological processes.
This manuscript was submitted to the peer reviewed journal: Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química