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Supplemental Information

R-code for the analyses

the code is provided as text file, please copy and paste it into R

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.1195v3/supp-1

Supporting information and analyses

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.1195v3/supp-2

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Çağlar Akçay conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

S. Elizabeth Campbell conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments.

Michael D. Beecher conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Animal Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

The procedures reported in the manuscript were conducted under the appropriate Washington State and U.S. Federal permits and University of Washington Animal Care and Use protocol # 2207-03.

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to field study approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

US Fish and Wildlife Service Banding Permit #20220

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding data availability:

We will deposit the data as supplementary materials to the eventual peer-reviewed manuscript.

Funding

Funding for this research came from NSF Research grant to MDB (IOS-0733991) and NSF Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant to ÇA (IOS-1009567) as well as a grant from Royalty Research Fund of University of Washington. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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