Visitors   Views   Downloads
NOT PEER-REVIEWED
"PeerJ Preprints" is a venue for early communication or feedback before peer review. Data may be preliminary.

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

View peer-reviewed version

Additional Information

Competing Interests

Russell C Van Horn is an employee of the San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research. Robyn D Appleton is an employee of the Spectacled Bear Conservation Society. Corrin LaCombe was an employee of the San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research when the research described in the manuscript was performed.

Author Contributions

Russell C Van Horn conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Becky Zug conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Robyn D Appleton conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Ximena Velez-Liendo conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Susanna L Paisley conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Corrin LaCombe conceived and designed the experiments, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Human Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

The Research Compliance Office of Miami University has reviewed the human subjects portion of this research (as project 01632e) and ruled it exempt from full IRB review, under Exempt Category 2.

Animal Ethics

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

1. Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee Zoological Society of San Diego. 2. Approval was granted as #10-023.

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to field study approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

1. Animal research was approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee Zoological Society of San Diego and governmental approval was granted by the Dirección General Forestal y de Fauna Silvestre (Peru). 2. Approvals were granted as IACUC #10-023 and Resolución Directoral No. 0245-2012-AG-DGFFS-DGEFFS.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding the deposition of related data:

We plan to deposit data in Dryad. However, according to the Dryad guidelines, because PeerJ is not integrated into Dryad we cannot archive data sets until this manuscript is accepted for publication.

Funding

RVH and CLC were supported by San Diego Zoo Global, BZ was supported by the U.S. Department of Education, and RDA was supported by the International Association for Bear Research & Management, Wildlife Media, Calgary Zoo, and the Spectacled Bear Conservation Society. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


Add your feedback

Before adding feedback, consider if it can be asked as a question instead, and if so then use the Question tab. Pointing out typos is fine, but authors are encouraged to accept only substantially helpful feedback.

Some Markdown syntax is allowed: _italic_ **bold** ^superscript^ ~subscript~ %%blockquote%% [link text](link URL)
 
By posting this you agree to PeerJ's commenting policies