Biodiversity and Conservation

Identifying potential threats to soil biodiversity
Budiman Minasny –– It is a timely review of the role of soil biodiversity and the impact of human activities
Culicidae-centric metabarcoding through targeted use of D2 ribosomal DNA primers
Rogerio Sotelo-Mundo –– This work contributes to methods to identify mosquito species by molecular metabarcoding. Mosquito monitoring is critical in regions with endemic vector-borne diseases, and this method will help in defining the biodiversity by NGS molecular tools.
Ancient genetic divergence in bumblebee catfish of the genus Pseudopimelodus (Pseudopimelodidae: Siluriformes) from northwestern South America
Tomas Hrbek –– Excellent contribution to our knowledge of aquatic biodiversity of Colombia. Also a clear example of the importance of considering evolutionary lineages in conservation and management policies irrespective whether they have or not been formally described as species.
Exact integer linear programming solvers outperform simulated annealing for solving conservation planning problems
Alison Boyer –– This study demonstrates the performance advantages of a new spatial conservation planning approach as compared to the current industry leader Marxan.
A new nematode species, Chromadorina tangaroa sp. nov. (Chromadorida: Chromadoridae) from the hull of a research vessel, New Zealand
Mark Costello –– Another new species discovered and one which may be cosmopolitan because it may be distributed on the hulls of ships.
Molecular clocks, biogeography and species diversity in Herichthys with evaluation of the role of Punta del Morro as a vicariant brake along the Mexican Transition Zone in the context of local and global time frame of cichlid diversification
Tomas Hrbek –– A very thorough and well carried out biogeographic analysis of Middle American cichlids that challenges a standing biogeographical paradigm.
Monitoring the influx of new species through citizen science: the first introduced ant in Denmark
Dezene Huber –– Invasive species are a major issue in our changing world. They affect other organisms, ecosystems (and ecosystem services), and economies. This paper will add to our understanding of an invasive ant.
Farming system shapes traits and composition of spider assemblages in Mediterranean cherry orchards
Rodolfo Jaffé –– The paper addresses taxonomical, behavioral, and morphological responses of spider communities to farming systems and topographic features.
The impact of leopards (Panthera pardus) on livestock losses and human injuries in a human-use landscape in Maharashtra, India
José Maria Cardoso da Silva –– An excellent paper that documents the complex relationships between people, carnivores, and livestock.
Patterns of change in α and β taxonomic and phylogenetic diversity in the secondary succession of semi-natural grasslands in the Northern Apennines
Cajo ter Braak –– This is one of the first vegetation studies that examine succession from the both species composition and phylogenetic point of view, particular using species-based and Unifrac distance ordinations.
Biodiversity and Conservation

Section discussions

Sun et al. @SNNUChina research the effects of vegetation cover and slope on soil erosion in the Eastern Chinese Loess Plateau under different rainfall regimes Read the full @PeerJLife article #PlantScience #SoilScience #Ecohydrology

Gould et al. @Uni_Newcastle use citizen science to assist in the photo-identification of adult individuals of an amphibian based on two facial skin features Read the full @PeerJLife article #ConservationBiology #Ecology #Zoology

Measuring change in biological communities: multivariate analysis approaches for temporal datasets with low sample size Read the full @PeerJLife article Research from @buckleyhannah et al. @AUTuni @WellingtonUni @AucklandUni

Research from @buckleyhannah et al. @AUTuni @WellingtonUni @AucklandUni presents a a 29-year literature review - Changes in the analysis of temporal community dynamics data Read the full @PeerJLife article #Biodiversity #Ecology

Depicting the mating system and patterns of contemporary pollen flow in trees of the genus Anadenanthera (Fabaceae) @thePeerJ

Potentially toxic metal(loid) distribution and migration in the bottom weathering profile of indigenous zinc smelting slag pile in clastic rock region @thePeerJ

Diversity structure of the microbial communities in the guts of four neotropical termite species @thePeerJ

Misson et al. @univamu @uOttawa - Limited influence of marine sediment lyophilization on #prokaryotic community structure assessed via amplicon sequencing Read the full @PeerJLife article #Biodiversity #Ecology #Ecotoxicology

My paper on tarantula biogeography was released today! Though I hesitate to speak in absolutes, we suggest some answers towards when and where the group emerged: #tarantula #evolution