Microbiology

Patient-centered care interventions to reduce the inappropriate prescription and use of benzodiazepines and z-drugs: a systematic review
Paul Tulkens –– Benzodiazepines are among the most abused drugs and associated with severe but often not well recognized side effects. They also induce a marked dependence. This paper may help in better appreciating the risks of benzodiazepines and to mitigate their overuse.
Functions of Candida albicans cell wall glycosidases Dfg5p and Dcw1p in biofilm formation and HOG MAPK pathway
Jürg Bähler –– Candida biofilm formation is a fascinating biological process and has medical implications.
Cellular production of a counterfeit viral protein confers immunity to infection by a related virus
Kate Bishop –– The acquisition of viral genes by hosts to use as anti-viral proteins is interesting and this adds to our knowledge of such mechanisms.
E-cigarettes versus nicotine patches for perioperative smoking cessation: a pilot randomized trial
Raymond Niaura –– There are surprisingly few studies that have compared e-cigarette type products to other methods for cigarette smoking cessation. Although the sample size is small, this study tested ENDs efficacy in a clinically relevant subgroup who are in immediate need of quitting smoking for health reasons.
Does Twitter language reliably predict heart disease? A commentary on Eichstaedt et al. (2015a)
Tjeerd Boonstra –– The article re-examines the results of an influential paper and challenges the idea that social media data analysed on a county-level may provide a reliable predictor of health outcomes. The authors raise several questions on the reliability of data and study design that need to be addressed for this field going forward.
Molecular typing and profiling of topoisomerase mutations causing resistance to ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin in Elizabethkingia species
Paul Tulkens –– Although Elizabethkingia may seem as a rather rare organism in terms fo human pathology, the study illustrates well the various mechanisms of resistance to a important fluoroquinolone and will be of interest to many investigators of antibacterial resistance and to clinicians using ciprofloxacin or other fluoroquinolones.
Walking and hypertension: greater reductions in subjects with higher baseline systolic blood pressure following six months of guided walking
Dennis Lau –– The effectiveness of increased physical activity (walking) to treat blood pressure has not been well studied to date.
Fine-scale differentiation between Bacillus anthracis and Bacillus cereus group signatures in metagenome shotgun data
Lesley Hoyles –– Highlights the need for careful analyses of metagenomic data when looking at closely related bacteria, and proposes a way of dealing with this. Applicable to metagenomic studies across a range of ecological niches.
Children’s physical activity and sedentary time compared using assessments of accelerometry counts and muscle activity level
Antonio Palazón-Bru –– New methodology to take into account.
The appropriateness of ceftriaxone and metronidazole as empirical therapy in managing complicated intra-abdominal infection—experience from Western Health, Australia
Paul Tulkens –– Nice description of an antibiotic empiric use. This will help clinicians to fine-tune their prescriptions and will probably have some good impact of the quality of care.
Microbiology
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Section discussions

Dental fear association between mothers and adolescents—a longitudinal study https://t.co/LoJXXvPL2t @thePeerJ

Changes in the gut microbiota during Asian particolored bat (Vespertilio sinensis) development https://t.co/xLw1OX3pDw @thePeerJ https://t.co/ym6G3oEUX1

Another KUENM Group publication is out. This contribution points out and examines a problem with the traditional biodiversity inventory completeness statistics when applied to truly big data. @thePeerJ https://t.co/xWYeuqU7as #Biodiversity

An article I handled as editor has been published today @thePeerJ https://t.co/KCySf5PmhY #EvolutionaryStudies #Paleontology #Histology

Extent, patterns and demographic correlates for physical fighting among school-attending adolescents in Namibia: examination of the 2013 Global School-based Health Survey https://t.co/KxgSv18t7S @thePeerJ

Korean Peninsula had a high population density of leopards, they were extirpated from South Korea by 1970. Genetic material from old skin of a leopard captured in South Korea in the 1930s revealed that they belonged to the same clade as the Amur leopard. https://t.co/3Bc8dRqBqn

19 days ago
#UF #GeospatialScience researchers Drs. Yang & @JasonKBlackburn's latest #MedGeo paper Exploring environmental coverages of species: a new variable contribution estimation in @thePeerJ https://t.co/8s3k89cv6J @UF @UFExplore @SEERLAB_UF @EPI_UF code at https://t.co/Hqca6NQg1m https://t.co/WQZNNv3g3C