Environmental Science

Editors' Picks

Adaptive divergence for rapid adversarial optimization
Charles Elkan –– Generative adversarial networks (GANs) are an exciting development in machine learning, but it is hard to make them work in practice, and they can require a lot of training data. This research is a significant step towards making GANs more usable.
Assessment and simulation of land use and land cover change impacts on the land surface temperature of Chaoyang District in Beijing, China
Tilottama Ghosh –– This article is important because increasing urbanization and changes in land cover and land surface temperatures is an important global issue. The methods used in this study can be extended and applied in other regions. Thanks.
Higher carbon sequestration potential and stability for deep soil compared to surface soil regardless of nitrogen addition in a subtropical forest
Biao Zhu –– This study improves our understanding of top vs. deep soil carbon dynamics under carbon substrate addition (i.e. priming effect).
Understanding PM2.5 concentration and removal efficiency variation in urban forest park—Observation at human breathing height
Kalliat Valsaraj –– The data on particulate matter in an urban forest park site in China may find relevance in many other parts of the developing world
Anthropocene geochemistry of metals in sediment cores from the Laurentian Great Lakes
James Latimer –– Because of the spatial scope (i.e., all great lakes) of the analysis for heavy metals, it advances the science significantly.
Investigating the potential impact of 1.5, 2 and 3 °C global warming levels on crop suitability and planting season over West Africa
Graciela Raga –– Studies about the impact of increased warming on future agricultural yields are important, particularly in regions such as Africa, in which agriculture is a large industry and population growth is expected to increase its share as part of the global population. This study provides estimates of suitability for several staple crops from West Africa, combining results from regional climate models and the Ecocrop model. The results highlight regions that become more suitable for some of the crops and some other that would result in yield reductions by 2100. The results can be used to help improve resilience.
Linking diffuse radiation and ecosystem productivity of a desert steppe ecosystem
Leonardo Montagnani –– Studies on diffuse radiation effects on photosynthsis are relevant in all vegetation types, and of particular relevance in the studied arid ecosystem.
Estimation of soil salt content by combining UAV-borne multispectral sensor and machine learning algorithms
Richard Becker –– Th article documents the suitability for using machine learning techniques on UAV acquired multispectral imagery to estimate soil salt variability.
Potential of the economic valuation of soil-based ecosystem services to inform sustainable soil management and policy
Xavier Le Roux –– The concept of ecosystem services, especially in combination with economic valuation, can illuminate trade-offs involved in soil management, policy and governance, and thus support decision making. The authors investigated the potential and limitations of the economic valuation of soil-based ecosystem services to inform sustainable soil management and policy. Based on a clear typology soil-based ecosystem services, they conducted a review of existing soil valuation studies including different ecosystem services. They show that so far, economic valuation of soil-based ecosystem services has covered only a small number of services and most studies have employed cost-based methods rather than preference-based valuation methods, even though the latter would better acknowledge the public good character of soil-related services. Therefore, the authors conclude that the relevance of existing valuation studies for political processes is low. Broadening the spectrum of analyzed ecosystem services and using preference-based methods would increase the informational quality and policy relevance of valuation results.
The impact of pesticides used at the agricultural land of the Puck commune on the environment of the Puck Bay
Marcia Marques –– The paper includes valuable data about a large number of pesticides and other active substances in different environmental compartments of a bay impacted by agriculture.
Environmental Science

Section discussions

It is hard to name new species! Even for bacteria! Debbie Brock valiantly guided this one to publication today in @thePeerJ https://t.co/U3rrHn3Oou #Ecology #EvolutionaryStudies #Microbiology #Taxonomy

Our article has been published today in @thePeerJ https://t.co/TicLtr6MJQ #Biodiversity #Ecology #EcosystemScience #Entomology #Paleontology

Distribution of the acoustic occurrence of dolphins during the summers 2011 to 2015 in the Upper Gulf of California, Mexico https://t.co/8GwDMaOcOT @thePeerJ https://t.co/fubMuXHUim

Impact of cost distance and habitat fragmentation on the daily path length of Rhinopithecus bieti https://t.co/8DFsGjqSNc @thePeerJ https://t.co/XTd9jqj6Wl