Brain and Cognition

Article commentary

We need to talk about reliability: making better use of test-retest studies for study design and interpretation

Editor rating: 8 / 10

Andrew Gray –– The author explains the importance of estimating sources of variation, including measurement error, when designing studies, and even more importantly, provides practical guidance and software support to enable researchers, from a much wider range of disciplines than just PET studies, to use the information presented here.
Moderating factors influence the relative age effect in Australian cricket

Editor rating: 8 / 10

Tim Doyle –– Understanding the young athlete is important to ensure we develop them appropriately, not just so they perform well, but so we ensure their longevity in sport by keeping them injury free.
Modulating pain thresholds through classical conditioning

Editor rating: 8 / 10

C. Robert Cloninger –– Pain is a common and serious medical problem, made more important by the current opioid crissis. This is a thorough study of basic conditioning mechanisms that adds to our understanding of the role of external painful stimuli.
Recruitment of cognitive control regions during effortful self-control is associated with altered brain activity in control and reward systems in dieters during subsequent exposure to food commercials

Editor rating: 8 / 10

Joao Rocha –– The study of Lopez and collaborators demonstrated that some female dieters are more susceptible to the effects of effortful self-control than others. These dieters subsequently fail to recruit brain regions associated with inhibitory control, which may determine their impaired ability to resist subsequent food temptations.
Systematic review and meta-analysis of age-related differences in instructed emotion regulation success

Editor rating: 8 / 10

Bob Patton –– A useful review on an important issue
A single Spanish version of maternal and paternal postnatal attachment scales: validation and conceptual analysis

Editor rating: 8 / 10

Antonio Palazón-Bru –– A paper to determine that the Spanish version of this test is useful for clinical practice.
Assessing distinct patterns of cognitive aging using tissue-specific brain age prediction based on diffusion tensor imaging and brain morphometry

Section Editor rating: 8 / 10

Stephen Macknik –– The editor and reviewers are enthusiastic.
Not all brawn, but some brain. Strength gains after training alters kinematic motor abundance in hopping

Editor rating: 8 / 10

Mario Negrello –– This article advances of our understanding of motor synergies with a well quantified case of motor abundance, clear methods and meaningful results. It uses uncontrolled manifold analysis (UCM) to model and quantify motor abundance, and provides support for the interesting idea that neural systems help shape motor abundance.
Serotonin 5-HT1A receptor binding and self-transcendence in healthy control subjects—a replication study using Bayesian hypothesis testing

Editor rating: 8 / 10

Kevin Black –– The authors do real science here, following up on an initial finding from a pilot study and reporting the outcome appropriately. That may sound obvious, but in the real world of research these days it is a delightful breath of fresh hair.
Clustering of fMRI data: the elusive optimal number of clusters

Editor rating: 9 / 10

Jafri Abdullah –– the number of clusters have always been debatable,

Discussing these articles

@stevenjluck @max12elliott @NeurogenDuke @annchenruth Nice blog post, and relevant considerations, however I disagree with some of your conclusions. I recently published a paper on exactly this, and how reliability can actually be re-calibrated for some of these cases. Would love to hear your thoughts! https://t.co/eyBkxL2Rtr

127 days ago
RAE in Australian junior cricket article led by @jono_connor has been published today in @thePeerJ https://t.co/VuhIKPpEbZ #Neuroscience #Kinesiology #SciencePolicy

Modulating pain thresholds through classical conditioning https://t.co/1LOtznT16q @thePeerJ https://t.co/j1eU5786A1

Systematic review and meta-analysis of age-related differences in instructed emotion regulation success https://t.co/WfbUOrCf2M @thePeerJ https://t.co/lKMzRRtpla

295 days ago
Our article has been published today in @thePeerJ https://t.co/79e6lCC3WJ #Nursing #PsychiatryandPsychology #PublicHealth #Women'sHealth @aoliverroig @DeustoFamPsych

An article I handled as editor has been published today @thePeerJ https://t.co/9IY6RhpIph #Neuroscience #PsychiatryandPsychology #DataScience

Not all brawn, but some brain. Strength gains after training alters kinematic motor abundance in hopping https://t.co/1PLoEj2b99 @thePeerJ https://t.co/LiicZXQ6U7

Serotonin 5-HT1A receptor binding and self-transcendence in healthy control subjects—a replication study using Bayesian hypothesis testing https://t.co/jVY46HZvRa @thePeerJ https://t.co/DJJ43OQr3i

Clustering of fMRI data: the elusive optimal number of clusters https://t.co/EcsZKt0PdC @thePeerJ https://t.co/53PJLSzxXE