Biodiversity and Conservation

Monogenean anchor morphometry: systematic value, phylogenetic signal, and evolution

Editor rating: 7 / 10

Jean-Lou Justine –– A very complete study with many modern techniques.
Ship noise extends to frequencies used for echolocation by endangered killer whales

Editor rating: 8 / 10

Magnus Johnson –– Noise pollution is a really important issue that garners less attention than it should.
First insights into the diversity of gill monogeneans of ‘Gnathochromis’ and Limnochromis (Teleostei, Cichlidae) in Burundi: do the parasites mirror host ecology and phylogenetic history?

Editor rating: 7 / 10

María Ángeles Esteban –– This paper use the study of parasites as a bioindicator of host ecology or even host phylogeny.
Arthropods of the great indoors: characterizing diversity inside urban and suburban homes

Editor rating: 8 / 10

Marcio Pie –– It is an interesting but poorly known aspect of biodiversity.
The impact of land reform on the status of large carnivores in Zimbabwe

Editor rating: 7 / 10

Stuart Pimm –– Assesses the impact on land reform on conservation, a key topic not just in Africa, but elsewhere.
Swarm v2: highly-scalable and high-resolution amplicon clustering

Editor rating: 7 / 10

Gilles van Wezel –– the update of Swarm will hopefully be a useful bioinformtic tool for those in the field of amplicon sequencing and clustering.
Demographic and genetic factors in the recovery or demise of ex situ populations following a severe bottleneck in fifteen species of Hawaiian tree snails

Editor rating: 8 / 10

Simon Harvey –– This represents a very long term study and makes recommendations of potentially broad interest.
Combining environmental suitability and population abundances to evaluate the invasive potential of the tunicate Ciona intestinalis along the temperate South American coast

Editor rating: 7 / 10

Rita Castilho –– This paper goes beyond the standard reporting of invasive species distributions to attempt to predict likely future distributions along a long latitudinal gradient. Moreover, modelling of the abundance of an invasive marine species may have implications for conservation.
Cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) running the gauntlet: an evaluation of translocations into free-range environments in Namibia

Editor rating: 8 / 10

Stuart Pimm –– Translocation of endangered species is an important technique for conservation. Few studies evaluate it successes — especially when top predators are involved. Yet, there is huge pressure to remove top predators, even when in practice they could be shot. This paper provides the most detailed record of cheetah translocations. They work — sometimes — but the authors make a strong case that the solution will be to manage cheetahs where they love.
Dispersal and metapopulation stability

Editor rating: 7 / 10

Alan Hastings –– Too much theory focuses on the homogeneous cases so this is an important advance

Discussing these articles

Thresholds for recovery to 100+? At least 2-4 offspring per year, more than 20% survival to maturity

Ship noise extends to frequencies used for echolocation by endangered killer whales TC4032 Hydrophone

@WILDLABSNET @RachelKramerWWF Snares can be an immense problem for wildlife. Being able to find them could be a game changer. Any ideas?

A recent entomological survey found 100% of homes - and 68% of bathrooms - in North Carolina contain #spiders

NPR/KQED: Meet The Tiny Critters Thriving In Your Carpet, Kitchen And Bed

Science: Standard ship noise may interfere with orca communication

Kitsap Sun - Puget Sound Blogs: Research on ocean noise could help save whales

Carnivores in decline due to land reform

Land Reform Disastrous for Wildlife

Time Magazine: Ship Noises Could Hurt Endangered Killer Whales, Study Finds

Washington Post: Ship noises could hurt endangered killer whales, study finds

The Telegraph: Ship noise stops Orca whales from talking to each other The Noise From Ships Interferes With Orca Communication

Nature: pick of today's science stories (2/3/2016)