Peer-reviewed Articles

15 downloads
131 views

Morphological differentiation among closely related species provides opportunities to study mechanisms shaping natural phenotypic variation. Here, we address variation in the orientation of melanin-colored body stripes in three cichlid species of the tribe Haplochromini....

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Molecular Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4080
26 downloads
991 views

Hörnig, Haug & Haug (2017) published a description of a new specimen of Santanmantis axelrodi MB.I.2068, an extinct species of praying mantis from the Crato Formation of Brazil. According to Hörnig, Haug & Haug (2017), the discovery of this new specimen brought...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4046
20 downloads
120 views

Background Animal growth is often constrained by unfavourable conditions and divergences from optimal body size can be detrimental to an individual’s fitness, particularly in species with determinate growth and a narrow time-frame for life-time reproduction. Growth...

["Animal Behavior","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4050
24 downloads
251 views

The Mexican Garter Snake (Thamnophis eques) is a terrestrial-aquatic generalist that feeds on both aquatic and terrestrial prey. We describe size-related variation and sexual variation in the diet of T. eques through analysis of 262 samples of identifiable stomach...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4036
72 downloads
376 views

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species is often advocated as a tool to assist decision-making in conservation investment and research focus. It is frequently suggested that research efforts should prioritize species in higher threat categories and those that are...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4025
94 downloads
723 views

The arthropodium is the key innovation of arthropods. Its various modifications are the outcome of multiple evolutionary transformations, and the foundation of nearly endless functional possibilities. In contrast to hexapods, crustaceans, and even chelicerates,...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4023
37 downloads
493 views

As technology has improved, our ability to study cryptic animal behavior has increased. Bed site selection is one such example. Among prey species, bed site selection provides thermoregulatory benefits and mitigates predation risk, and may directly influence survival....

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4010
61 downloads
914 views

Camouflage, and in particular background-matching, is one of the most common anti-predator strategies observed in nature. Animals can improve their match to the colour/pattern of their surroundings through background selection, and/or by plastic colour change....

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3999
75 downloads
450 views

Dispersal forms are an important component of the ecology of many animals, and reach particular importance for predicting ranges of invasive species. African clawed frogs (Xenopus laevis) move overland between water bodies, but all empirical studies are from invasive...

["Animal Behavior","Zoology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4039
35 downloads
301 views

Anthropogenic water sources (AWS) are developed water sources used as a management tool for desert wildlife species. Studies documenting the effects of AWS are often focused on game species; whereas, the effects on non-target wildlife are less understood. We used...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4003
42 downloads
875 views

The distinctive and divergent courtship phenotypes of the birds-of-paradise make them an important group for gaining insights into the evolution of sexually selected phenotypic evolution. The genus Astrapia includes five long-tailed species that inhabit New Guinea’s...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3987
65 downloads
506 views

The Pantanal is one of the world’s largest tropical wetland areas and harbors high mammal biomass. There is no formal list of dung beetle species, and studies on their functional roles have never being carried out in Pantanal. In this study, we identified dung...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3978
867 downloads
765 views

Although the ultimate causes of high bat fatalities at wind farms are not well understood, several lines of evidence suggest that bats are attracted to wind turbines. One hypothesis is that bats would be attracted to turbines as a foraging resource if the insects...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3985
80 downloads
602 views

Background Large carnivores influence ecosystem functions at various scales. Thus, their local extinction is not only a species-specific conservation concern, but also reflects on the overall habitat quality and ecosystem value. Species-habitat relationships at...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3920
78 downloads
567 views

Leptopoma is a species rich genus with approximately 100 species documented. Species-level identification in this group has been based on shell morphology and colouration, as well as some anatomical features based on small sample sizes. However, the implications...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3981

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