Total of 77 results Filter on subject area
neuroscience
30 downloads
163 views

In face matching, observers have to decide whether two photographs depict the same person or different people. This task is not only remarkably difficult but accuracy declines further during prolonged testing. The current study investigated whether this decline...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1184
5 downloads
88 views

The behavior of concerned significant others (CSOs) can have a measurable impact on the health and wellness of individuals attempting to meet behavioral and health goals, and research is needed to better understand the attributes of text-based CSO language when...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1151
20 downloads
187 views

Infiltration of macrophages into the central nervous system and activation of microglia are hallmarks of multiple sclerosis and its animal model—experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Cell death in EAE has been demonstrated as an essential mechanism in...

["Cell Biology","Neuroscience","Immunology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1189
22 downloads
236 views

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is an age-associated neurodegenerative disorder hallmarked by a loss of mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons. Accurate recapitulation of the PD movement phenotype in animal models of the disease is critical for understanding disease etiology...

["Neuroscience","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1175
371 downloads
2,385 views

Recent behavioral evidence suggests that dogs, like humans and monkeys, are capable of visual face recognition. But do dogs also exhibit specialized cortical face regions similar to humans and monkeys? Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in six dogs...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1115
18 downloads
288 views

It is commonly believed that vision is impaired during saccadic eye movements. However, here we report that some visual stimuli are clearly visible during saccades, and trigger a constriction of the eye’s pupil. Participants viewed sinusoid gratings that changed...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1150
23 downloads
382 views

Many decapod crustaceans perform escape tailflips with a neural circuit involving giant interneurons, a specialized fast flexor motor giant (MoG) neuron, populations of larger, less specialized fast flexor motor neurons, and fast extensor motor neurons. These escape-related...

["Neuroscience","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1112
30 downloads
329 views

Avoidance behavior involves learning responses that prevent upcoming aversive events; these responses typically extinguish when the aversive events stop materializing. Stimuli that signal safety from aversive events can paradoxically inhibit extinction of avoidance...

["Animal Behavior","Computational Biology","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1081
200 downloads
1,156 views

Aim. In recent years, connectivity studies using neuroimaging data have increased the understanding of the organization of large-scale structural and functional brain networks. However, data analysis is time consuming as rigorous procedures must be assured, from...

["Neuroscience","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1078
53 downloads
235 views

Synaptic exocytosis requires the assembly of syntaxin 1A and SNAP-25 on the plasma membrane and synaptobrevin 2 (VAMP2) on the vesicular membrane to bridge the two opposite membranes. It is believed that the three SNARE proteins assemble in steps along the dynamic...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics","Microbiology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1065
32 downloads
128 views

The cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) antagonist rimonabant has been used as treatment for obesity. In addition, anti-proliferative effects on mitogen-activated leukocytes have been demonstrated in vitro. We have previously shown that rimonabant (SR141716A) induces...

["Cell Biology","Neuroscience","Hematology","Immunology","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1056
42 downloads
427 views

There has been initial evidence to support the Dysexecutive Luck hypothesis, which proposes that beliefs in being unlucky are associated with deficits in executive functioning (Maltby et al., 2013). The present study tested the Dysexecutive Luck hypothesis by examining...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1007
58 downloads
237 views

Asymmetries in the response to visual patterns in the upper and lower visual fields (above and below the centre of gaze) have been associated with ecological factors relating to the structure of typical visual environments. Here, we investigated whether the content...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1038
54 downloads
414 views

When a good decision leads to a bad outcome, the experience of regret can bias subsequent choices: people are less likely to select the regret-producing alternative a second time, even when it is still objectively the best alternative (non-adaptive choice switching)....

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1035
71 downloads
625 views

There is an increasing need to validate and collect data approximating brain size on individuals in the field to understand what evolutionary factors drive brain size variation within and across species. We investigated whether we could accurately estimate endocranial...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1000

Top subject areas - Articles

Top subject areas - People

View all subject areas