Peer-reviewed Articles

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In the midst of the current biodiversity crisis, conservation efforts might profitably be directed towards ensuring that extinctions do not result in inordinate losses of evolutionary history. Numerous methods have been developed to evaluate the importance of species...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2350
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Background Vestimentiferan tubeworms are some of the most recognizable fauna found at deep-sea cold seeps, isolated environments where hydrocarbon rich fluids fuel biological communities. Several studies have investigated tubeworm population structure; however,...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Genetics","Genomics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2366
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We present the phylogeny analysis software SICLE (Sister Clade Extractor), an easy-to-use, high-throughput tool to describe the nearest neighbors to a node of interest in a phylogenetic tree as well as the support value for the relationship. The application is...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genomics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2359
3 downloads
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Background Measurement of lumbar spine range of motion (ROM) is often considered to be an essential component of lumbar spine physiotherapy and orthopedic assessment. The measurement can be carried out through various instruments such as inclinometers, goniometers,...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2355
3 downloads
2 views

Small mammals play important roles in many ecosystems, and understanding their response to disturbances such as cattle grazing is fundamental for developing sustainable land use strategies. However, how small mammals respond to cattle grazing remains controversial....

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2349
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Background: Information on cardiovascular gene transcription is fragmented and far behind the present requirements of the systems biology field. To create a comprehensive source of data for cardiovascular gene regulation and to facilitate a deeper understanding...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Cardiology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2339
5 downloads
5 views

The taxonomic knowledge about immature stages of the insect order Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) is rather limited in tropical America. Here, the larvae of Epigomphus jannyae Belle, 1993 and E. tumefactus Calvert, 1903 are described, figured, and compared...

["Entomology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2338
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Throughout much of North America’s boreal forest, the cyclical fluctuations of snowshoe hare populations (Lepus americanus) may cause other herbivores to become entrained in similar cycles. Alternating apparent competition via prey switching followed by positive...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2303
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Footprint morphology (e.g., outline shape, depth of impression) is one of the key diagnostic features used in the interpretation of ancient vertebrate tracks. Over 80 tridactyl tracks, confined to the same bedding surface in the Lower Jurassic Elliot Formation...

["Environmental Sciences","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2285
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This study examined developmental toxicity of different mercury compounds, including some used in traditional medicines. Medaka (Oryzias latipes) embryos were exposed to 0.001–10 µM concentrations of MeHg, HgCl2, α-HgS (Zhu Sha), and β-HgS (Zuotai) from stage 10...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Developmental Biology","Toxicology","Pharmacology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2282
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Background The receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK)/RANK ligand/osteoprotegerin (OPG) system plays a critical role in bone remodelling by regulating osteoclast formation and activity. OPG has been used systemically in the treatment of bone diseases....

["Bioengineering","Orthopedics","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2229
7 downloads
80 views

We propose a multi-scale image fusion scheme based on guided filtering. Guided filtering can effectively reduce noise while preserving detail boundaries. When applied in an iterative mode, guided filtering selectively eliminates small scale details while restoring...

["Computer Vision"]
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.80
9 downloads
44 views

Timing Speculation (TS) is a widely known method for realizing better-than-worst-case systems. Aggressive clocking, realizable by TS, enable systems to operate beyond specified safe frequency limits to effectively exploit the data dependent circuit delay. However,...

["Algorithms and Analysis of Algorithms","Computer Architecture","Embedded Computing","Emerging Technologies"]
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.79
12 downloads
190 views

Publication and archival of scientific results is still commonly considered the responsability of classical publishing companies. Classical forms of publishing, however, which center around printed narrative articles, no longer seem well-suited in the digital age....

["Bioinformatics","Computer Networks and Communications","Digital Libraries","World Wide Web and Web Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.78
322 downloads
823 views

Background The Hajar Mountains of Oman and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is the highest mountain range in Eastern Arabia. As a result of their old geological origin, geographical isolation, complex topography and local climate, these mountains provide an important...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2371

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