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24 downloads
12 views

Saccharification of polysaccharides releases monosaccharides that can be used by ethanol-producing microorganisms in biofuel production. To improve plant biomass as a raw material for saccharification, factors controlling the accumulation and structure of carbohydrates...

["Biotechnology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.817
5 downloads
5 views

Objective. This study sought to: (1) quantify response rate and efficacy of amitriptyline, desipramine, and gabapentin in treating sensory neuropathic cough; and (2) describe an efficient treatment protocol.Study Design. This study is a retrospective case series.Methods....

["Clinical Trials","Neurology","Otorhinolaryngology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.816
66 downloads
42 views

In August 2013, we observed a high incidence (44%) of synchronous bands of reduced melanin (a type of fault bar we have termed “pallid bands”) across the rectrices of juvenile Grasshopper Sparrows (Ammodrammus savannarum) captured near El Reno, Oklahoma. Earlier...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.814
16 downloads
12 views

Rapid morphological change has been shown in rodent populations on islands, including endemic deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus subspp.) on the California Channel Islands. Surprisingly, most of these changes were towards a smaller size. Black rats were introduced...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.812
19 downloads
20 views

When computing alignments of DNA sequences to a large genome, a key element in achieving high processing throughput is to prioritize locations in the genome where high-scoring mappings might be expected. We formulated this task as a series of list-processing operations...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.808
10 downloads
17 views

The relationship between insect development and temperature has been well established and has a wide range of uses, including the use of blow flies for postmortem (PMI) interval estimations in death investigations. To use insects in estimating PMI, we must be able...

["Developmental Biology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.803
32 downloads
10 views

Background. Most genetic disorders are caused by single nucleotide variations (SNVs) or small insertion/deletions (indels). High throughput sequencing has broadened the catalogue of human variation, including common polymorphisms, rare variations or disease causing...

["Bioinformatics","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.796
71 downloads
7 views

The Portable Document Format (PDF) allows for embedding three-dimensional (3D) models and is therefore particularly suitable to communicate respective data, especially as regards scholarly articles. The generation of the necessary model data, however, is still...

["Bioinformatics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Translational Medicine","Science and Medical Education","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.794
6 downloads
10 views

Background. To cope with their natural enemies, plants rely on resistance and tolerance as defensive strategies. Evolution of these strategies among natural population can be constrained by the absence of genetic variation or because of the antagonistic genetic...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.789
11 downloads
29 views

Background. Body composition is important as a marker of both current and future health. Bioelectrical impedance (BIA) is a simple and accurate method for estimating body composition, but requires population-specific calibration equations.Objectives. (1) To generate...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.785
35 downloads
174 views

Background. Studies of ancestry are difficult in the tomato because it crosses with many wild relatives and species in the tomato clade that have diverged very recently. As a result, the phylogeny in relation to its closest relatives remains uncertain. By using...

["Agricultural Science","Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.793
25 downloads
64 views

Purpose. The authors proposed that introducing real patients into a pathology classroom early in medical education would help integrate fundamental principles and disease pathology with clinical presentation and medical history.Methods. Three patients with different...

["Pathology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.809
39 downloads
47 views

Culex pipiens, an invasive mosquito and vector of West Nile virus in the US, has two morphologically indistinguishable forms that differ dramatically in behavior and physiology. Cx. pipiens form pipiens is primarily a bird-feeding temperate mosquito, while the...

["Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.807
97 downloads
455 views

Marsupials or metatherians are a group of mammals that are distinct in giving birth to young at early stages of development and in having a prolonged investment in lactation. The group consists of nearly 350 extant species, including kangaroos, koala, possums,...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.805
33 downloads
83 views

Plant roots are known to harbor large and diverse communities of bacteria. It has been suggested that plant identity can structure these root-associated communities, but few studies have specifically assessed how the composition of root microbiota varies within...

["Ecology","Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.804

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