Peer-reviewed Articles

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A small juvenile turtle is described from the Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota, shedding light on the juvenile morphology and ontogeny of Manchurochelys manchoukuoensis. Several juvenile features are uncovered, such as a small and circular carapace (less than half...

["Developmental Biology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3274
3 downloads
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Background Cell membrane permeabilization by pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) is a novel contactless method which results in effects similar to conventional electroporation. The non-invasiveness of the methodology, independence from the biological object homogeneity...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics","Biotechnology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3267
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Quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) has been widely used in the detection and quantification of gene expression levels because of its high accuracy, sensitivity, and reproducibility as well as its large dynamic range. However, the reliability...

["Agricultural Science","Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3260
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It has recently been proposed that the caudal curvature (concave caudal side) observed in the radioulna of terrestrial quadrupeds is an adaptation to the habitual action of the triceps muscle which causes cranial bending strains (compression on cranial side). The...

["Animal Behavior","Biophysics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3229
2 downloads
3 views

Background Dinoflagellate cysts (i.e., dinocysts) are biologically and ecologically important as they can help dinoflagellate species survive harsh environments, facilitate their dispersal and serve as seeds for harmful algal blooms. In addition, dinocysts derived...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3224
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Grape sour (bunch) rot is a polymicrobial disease of vineyards that causes millions of dollars in lost revenue per year due to decreased quality of grapes and resultant wine. The disease is associated with damaged berries infected with a community of acetic acid...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Entomology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3223
3 downloads
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Given the rapid population decline and recent petition for listing of the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus L.) under the Endangered Species Act, an accurate estimate of the Eastern, migratory population size is needed. Because of difficulty in counting individual...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3221
2 downloads
2 views

Objectives The use of escorts (chauffeurs and chaperones) while on duty in after-hours-house-call (AHHC) is one key protective option available to doctors in the service, and has been linked to low burnout and increased satisfaction in AHHC. This study aims to...

["Health Policy","Nursing","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3218
3 downloads
2 views

In birds, the environmental variables and intrinsic characteristics of the nest have important fitness consequences through its influence on the selection of nesting sites. However, the extent to which these variables interact with variables that operate at the...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3182
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Efflux pump inhibitors are of great interest since their use as adjuvants of bacterial chemotherapy can increase the intracellular concentrations of the antibiotics and assist in the battle against the rising of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. In this work, we have...

["Microbiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3168
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The loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta, Linnaeus, 1758) is the most abundant sea turtle species in the Mediterranean Sea, where commercial fishing appears to be the main driver of mortality. So far, information on sea turtle bycatch in Italy is limited both...

["Fisheries and Fish Science","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3151
24 downloads
479 views

In Washington D.C., recent legislation authorizes citizens to test if products are properly represented and, if they are not, to bring a lawsuit for the benefit of the general public. Recent studies revealing the widespread phenomenon of seafood substitution across...

["Conservation Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Zoology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3234
15 downloads
79 views

We explored the bacterial diversity of untreated sewage influent samples of a wastewater treatment plant in Tucson, AZ and discovered that Arcobacter cryaerophilus, an emerging human pathogen of animal origin, was the most dominant bacterium. The other highly prevalent...

["Environmental Sciences","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3269
8 downloads
116 views

Background Reduction of readmissions after discharge represents an important challenge for many hospitals and has attracted the interest of many researchers in the past few years. Most of the studies in this field focus on building cross-sectional predictive models...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Public Health","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3230
78 downloads
685 views

Thalattosuchians were highly specialised aquatic archosaurs of the Jurassic and Early Cretaceous, and represent a peak of aquatic adaptation among crocodylomorphs. Relatively little is known of their endocranial anatomy or its relevance for the evolution of sensory...

["Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3225

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