Peer-reviewed Articles

551 views

Background Regional diversity in the morphology of the H. erectus postcranium is not broadly documented, in part, because of the paucity of Asian sites preserving postcranial fossils. Yet, such an understanding of the initial hominin taxon to spread throughout...

["Anthropology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4279
122 views

Driven by the growing recognition of the influence of the gut microbiota (GM) on human health and disease, there is a rapidly increasing interest in understanding how dietary components, pharmaceuticals and pre- and probiotics influence GM. In vitro colon models...

["Biotechnology","Food Science and Technology","Genetics","Microbiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4268
263 views

The Western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) has undergone significant changes in air and seawater temperatures during the last 50 years. Although highly stenotherm Antarctic organisms are expected to be severely affected by the increase of seawater temperature, high-resolution...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4289
2 downloads
487 views

Zebrafish are increasingly used as a vertebrate model organism for various traits including swimming performance, obesity and metabolism, necessitating high-throughput protocols to generate standardized phenotypic information. Here, we propose a novel and cost-effective...

["Animal Behavior","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4292
2 downloads
108 views

The genome of the chlorarchiniophyte Bigelowiella natans codes for a protein annotated as an α-actinin-like protein. Analysis of the primary sequence indicate that this protein has the same domain structure as other α-actinins, a N-terminal actin-binding domain...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics","Developmental Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4288
1 download
208 views

In group-living animals, heterogeneity in individuals’ social connections may mediate the sharing of microbial infectious agents. In this regard, the genetic relatedness of individuals’ commensal gut bacterium Escherichia coli may be ideal to assess the potential...

["Animal Behavior","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4271

There is widespread concern over the use of neonicotinoid pesticides in the agro-ecosystem, due in part to their high water solubility which can lead to widespread contamination of non-target areas including standing surface water. Most studies investigating the...

["Ecology","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4258
2 downloads
76 views

Background Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to modulate cardiovascular diseases, and expression dynamics of lncRNAs in the bloodstream were proposed to be potential biomarkers for clinical diagnosis. However, few cardiovascular diseases-related...

["Molecular Biology","Cardiology","Pathology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4246
2 downloads
238 views

Background The recent proliferation of large amounts of biodiversity transcriptomic data has resulted in an ever-expanding need for scalable and user-friendly tools capable of answering large scale molecular evolution questions. FUSTr identifies gene families involved...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4234
35 downloads
110 views

Background The ongoing change in climate is predicted to exert unprecedented effects on Earth’s biodiversity at all levels of organization. Biological conservation is important to prevent biodiversity loss, especially for species facing a high risk of extinction....

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4287
12 downloads
80 views

The maintenance of a G + C content that is higher than the mutational input to a genome provides support for the view that selection serves to increase G + C contents in bacteria. Recent experimental evidence from Escherichia coli demonstrated that selection for...

["Biotechnology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Molecular Biology","Synthetic Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4286
9 downloads
69 views

Objective Although research on muscle dysmorphia (MD), a body dysmorphic disorder subtype, has recently increased, the causes and mechanisms underlying this disorder remain unclear. Results from studies examining disorders associated with body image suggest the...

["Kinesiology","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4273
96 downloads
862 views

The horned Ceratopsidae represent one of the last radiations of dinosaurs, and despite a decade of intense work greatly adding to our understanding of this diversification, their early evolution is still poorly known. Here, two postorbital horncores from the upper...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4265
12 downloads
244 views

Taxonomic uncertainty of the Asian tree frog Polypedates leucomystax complex presents the challenging task of inferring its biogeographical history. Here, we describe its dispersion and the genetic relationships among different populations in Thailand, where we...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4263
9 downloads
100 views

Sigmoidal and double-sigmoidal dynamics are commonly observed in many areas of biology. Here we present sicegar, an R package for the automated fitting and classification of sigmoidal and double-sigmoidal data. The package categorizes data into one of three categories,...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Statistics","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4251

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