Peer-reviewed Articles

Background The shells of molluscs survive well in many sedimentary contexts and yield information about the diet of prehistoric humans. They also yield evidence of symbolic behaviours through their use as beads for body adornments. Researchers often analyse the...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2903

The successful navigation of social interactions depends on a range of cognitive faculties—including the ability to achieve joint attention with others to share information and experiences. We investigated the influence that intention monitoring processes have...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2899

The effect of aging on the process of word encoding for fixated words and words presented to the right of the fixation point during the reading of sentences in Chinese was investigated with two disappearing text experiments. The results of Experiment 1 showed that...

["Cognitive Disorders","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2897

Autophagy serves as a turnover mechanism for the recycling of redundant and/or damaged macromolecules present in eukaryotic cells to re-use them under starvation conditions via a double-membrane structure known as autophagosome. A set of eukaryotic genes called...

["Bioinformatics","Cell Biology","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2878

Background Psychological disorders are common in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients, and the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of psychological distress and to determine the influence factors associated with psychological distress among DM patients...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2869

The biological potential of Vip and Cry proteins from Bacillus is well known and widely established. Thus, it is important to look for new genes showing different modes of action, selecting those with differentiated entomotoxic activity against Diatraea flavipennella...

["Agricultural Science","Biotechnology","Entomology","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2866

Antipredatory defenses are maintained when benefit exceeds cost. A weak predation pressure may lead insular lizards to tameness. Podarcis lilfordi exhibits a high degree of insular tameness, which may explain its extinction from the main island of Menorca when...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2828

Background Cryoelectrolysis is a new minimally invasive tissue ablation surgical technique that combines the ablation techniques of electrolytic ablation with cryosurgery. The goal of this study is to examine the hypothesis that electrolysis can take place in a...

["Biochemistry","Bioengineering","Biophysics","Oncology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2810

Background Australian scorpions have received far less attention from researchers than their overseas counterparts. Here we provide the first insight into the molecular variation and evolutionary history of the endemic Australian scorpion Urodacus yaschenkoi. Also...

["Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2759
70 downloads
341 views

Statistical testing of trait-environment association from data is a challenge as there is no common unit of observation: the trait is observed on species, the environment on sites and the mediating abundance on species-site combinations. A number of correlation-based...

["Ecology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2885
50 downloads
212 views

This study investigated whether a yoga exercise intervention influenced the sustained attention and discrimination function in children with ADHD. Forty-nine participants (mean age = 10.50 years) were assigned to either a yoga exercise or a control group. Participants...

["Clinical Trials","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2883
89 downloads
573 views

Recently, there has been a move encouraged by many stakeholders towards generating big, open data in many areas of research. One area where big, open data is particularly valuable is in research relating to complex heterogeneous disorders such as Autism Spectrum...

["Bioinformatics","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2880
30 downloads
101 views

Background One important aspect of subjective judgments about one’s well-being (i.e., subjective well-being: life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect) is that cultural features, such as, nationality seem to shape cognitive judgments about the “the...

["Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2868
16 downloads
106 views

The fibrosis that develops following laminectomy or discectomy often causes serious complications, and the proliferation of fibroblasts is thought to be the major cause of epidural fibrosis. 10-Hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT) has been proven to be efficient in preventing...

["Cell Biology","Orthopedics","Pharmacology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2858
43 downloads
320 views

The ostrich is a highly cursorial bipedal land animal with a permanently elevated metatarsophalangeal joint supported by only two toes. Although locomotor kinematics in walking and running ostriches have been examined, these studies have been largely limited to...

["Animal Behavior","Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2857

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