Peer-reviewed Articles

20 downloads
243 views

The present study investigated the effects of grip on changes in the median nerve cross-sectional area (MNCSA) and median nerve diameter in the radial-ulnar direction (D1) and dorsal-palmar direction (D2) at three wrist angles. Twenty-nine healthy participants...

["Kinesiology","Neurology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2510
21 downloads
192 views

This paper evaluates racial/ethnic differences in self-rated mental health for adults in the United States, while controlling for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics as well as length of stay in the country. Using data from the 2010 National Health Interview...

["Epidemiology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2508
54 downloads
331 views

High-throughput sequencing libraries are typically limited by the requirement for nanograms to micrograms of input DNA. This bottleneck impedes the microscale analysis of ecosystems and the exploration of low biomass samples. Current methods for amplifying environmental...

["Genomics","Microbiology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2486
25 downloads
183 views

As a foundation for understanding the diet of African savanna elephants (Loxodonta africana), adult bulls and cows were observed over an annual cycle to determine whether harvesting (Pt), chewing (Ct) and handling times (Ht) differed across food types and harvesting...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2469
53 downloads
774 views

The skull of leporids (rabbits and hares) is highly transformed, typified by pronounced arching of the dorsal skull and ventral flexion of the facial region (i.e., facial tilt). Previous studies show that locomotor behavior influences aspects of cranial shape in...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2453
26 downloads
117 views

Background As a standard method for pneumococcal carriage studies, the World Health Organization recommends nasopharyngeal swabs be transported and stored at cool temperatures in a medium containing skim-milk, tryptone, glucose and glycerol (STGG). An enrichment...

["Microbiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2449
16 downloads
150 views

The parrot family represents one of the bird group with the largest number of endangered species, as a result of habitat destruction and illegal trade. This illicit traffic involves the smuggling of eggs and animals, and the laundering through captive breeding...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2416
53 downloads
214 views

Background Meningitis is a major cause of mortality in tuberculosis (TB). It is not clear what factors promote central nervous system invasion and pathology but it has been reported that certain strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) might have genetic traits...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2484
29 downloads
260 views

Background The potential of genetic programming (GP) on various fields has been attained in recent years. In bio-medical field, many researches in GP are focused on the recognition of cancerous cells and also on gene expression profiling data. In this research,...

["Computational Biology","Oncology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2482
28 downloads
140 views

The screening of suitable insecticides is a key factor in successfully applying trunk injection technology to ornamental plants. In this study, six chemical pesticides were selected and injected into the trunks of Osmanthus fragrans to control the nettle caterpillar,...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2480
46 downloads
282 views

Although small populations are at high risk of extinction, there are regular reports in the scientific literature of purported small, isolated, persistent populations. One source of evidence of the viability of small populations comes from the alleged successful...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2440
22 downloads
114 views

Inferring growth for aquatic species is dependent upon accurate descriptions of age-length relationships, which may be degraded by measurement error in observed ages. Ageing error arises from biased and/or imprecise age determinations as a consequence of misinterpretation...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Ecology","Marine Biology","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2431
129 downloads
714 views

The Ziphiidae (beaked whales) represent a large group of open-ocean odontocetes (toothed cetaceans), whose elusive and deep diving behavior prevents direct observation in their natural habitat. Despite their generally large body size, broad geographical distribution,...

["Evolutionary Studies","Marine Biology","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2479
220 downloads
1,412 views

Background The bacterial 16S rRNA gene has historically been used in defining bacterial taxonomy and phylogeny. However, there are currently no high-throughput methods to sequence full-length 16S rRNA genes present in a sample with precision. Results We describe...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2492
20 downloads
139 views

Spermatological characteristics of species from two monorchiid genera, Opisthomonorchis and Paramonorcheides, have been investigated, for the first time, by means of transmission electron microscopy. The ultrastructural study reveals that the mature spermatozoon...

["Cell Biology","Parasitology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2488

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