Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

47 downloads
132 views

Neonicotinoid are the most commonly used class of insecticides. Between 2005 and 2010 neonicotinoid use in the USA and UK more than doubled. Anecdotal evidence suggests similar trends exist in New Zealand, where neonicotinoid seed coatings are now often applied...

["Agricultural Science","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2919v1
798 downloads
574 views

This paper presents a novel assay that allows a quick and robust assessment of the effects of biocides on the initial settling and establishment of marine photoautotrophic biofilms. The assay integrates the response of the multitude of indigenous fouling organisms,...

["Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Taxonomy","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.240v3
37 downloads
133 views

Chemical pollution was monitored and assessed along the Swedish west coast. 62 of 172 analyzed organic chemicals were detected in the water phase of at least one of five monitored sites. A Concentration Addition based screening-level risk assessment indicates that...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2894v1
29 downloads
191 views

Atrazine is a widely used herbicide developed for use in range and pastureland. It is present in many surface waters, contaminating nontarget organisms due to its persistence. In this study, the effects of acute exposure to atrazine on retinoid signaling were investigated...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2880v2
83 downloads
209 views

In response to the requirements of the US EPA’s Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program, Tier 1 assays have been performed with a number of pesticides over the past several years. These assays are designed to be used in concert as a screen for potential interactions...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2596v1
132 downloads
206 views

Water quality benchmarks are developed by many jurisdictions worldwide with the general goal of identifying concentrations that protect aquatic communities. Imidacloprid is a widely-used neonicotinoid insecticide for which benchmark values vary widely between North...

["Agricultural Science","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2584v1
123 downloads
175 views

Presentations in session one of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America Focused Topic Meeting: Endocrine Disruption (February 4 – 6, 2014) described where the science and the regulations have arrived and identified the key challenges...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Genomics","Toxicology","Histology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2583v1
302 downloads
204 views

Approaches to assessing endocrine disruptors (EDs) differ across the globe, with some regulatory environments using a hazard-based approach, while others employ risk-based analyses. In session four of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC)...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2580v1
48 downloads
124 views

This special series of six papers (this introductory paper and 5 other papers) is about the Focused Topic Meeting on Endocrine Disruption Chemical Testing; Risk Assessment Approaches and Implications (4 – 6 February, 2014, Raleigh, North Carolina). The workshop...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Genomics","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2578v1
299 downloads
2,310 views

Herbicide use is among the most criticized aspects of modern farming operations, especially in response to widespread adoption of genetically-engineered (GE) herbicide-resistant crops. Many previous analyses of herbicide use have relied on flawed metrics in an...

["Agricultural Science","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2540v1
148 downloads
447 views

The Brazilian Pampa biome is currently under constant threat due to increase of agriculture and improper management of urban effluents. Studies with focus on the assessment of impacts caused by human activities in this biome are scarce. In the present study we...

["Biochemistry","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.776v2
290 downloads
302 views

Background The wide use of pesticides raises concerns on the health risks associated with pesticide exposure. For developing countries, pesticide residues in vegetables and fruits have not been totally monitored. This study aims at providing comparison data on...

["Agricultural Science","Environmental Sciences","Food Science and Technology","Toxicology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1928v1
111 downloads
197 views

Habitat structure influences the diversity and distribution of organisms, potentially affecting their response to disturbances by either affecting their ‘susceptibility’ or through the provision of resources that can mitigate impacts of disturbances. Chemical disturbances...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1783v1
261 downloads
452 views

Triclosan (TCS) is a widely used antibacterial agent that has become a ubiquitous contaminant in freshwater, estuary and marine environments. Concerns for potential adverse effects of TCS have been described in several recent risk assessments. Effects on freshwater...

["Environmental Sciences","Microbiology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.489v1
445 downloads
384 views

A variety of different fungicides is found simultaneously in surface waters, among which demethylase inhibitors (DMIs) are a major group. The joint toxicity of four DMIs from different chemical classes (Fenarimol, Prochloraz, Triadimefon and Pyrifenox) was investigated...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.172v2
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