Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

7 downloads
62 views

In daily life we are often forced to choose between the “lesser of two evils,” yet there remains limited understanding of how the brain encodes choices between aversive stimuli, particularly choices involving hypothetical futures. We tested how choice framing affects...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3340v1
14 downloads
151 views

When two identical objects travel toward each other, overlap completely, and continue on toward opposite ends of a space, observers perceive them as streaming through or bouncing off each other (stream/bounce perception). In this phenomenon, proportion of perceiving...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3305v1
32 downloads
360 views

Increasing empirical research shows a deep connection between timing processes and neural processing of social information. An integrative theoretical framework for prospective studies in humans was recently proposed, linking timing to sociality. A similar framework...

["Animal Behavior","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience","Zoology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3275v1
39 downloads
321 views

To improve outcomes in statistics education - namely the acquisition of statistical literacy - we need a new approach to how the subject is delivered in psychology and behavioral sciences. To do this, key indicators and impacts of barriers to learning statistics...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3265v1
71 downloads
73 views

Objectives. To examine maternal functioning and wellbeing as important aspects of a family’s adaptation to chronic paediatric conditions, in particular, children with diabetes. Method. This cross-sectional study investigated the difference between the perceived...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3199v1
277 downloads
1,688 views

The Smarter Lunchrooms intervention approach aims to tackle childhood obesity by promoting healthier nutrition through the use of choice architecture or ‘nudge’ tactics in school lunchrooms. I reviewed research papers that were described by Cornell University as...

["Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3137v1
21 downloads
136 views

This study investigated semantic and perceptual influences on false recognition in older and young adults in a variant on the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm. In two experiments, participants encoded intermixed sets of semantically associated words, and sets...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3126v1
57 downloads
269 views

In recent years, with the emergence of relatively inexpensive and accessible virtual reality technologies, it is now possible to deliver compelling and realistic simulations of human-to-human interaction. Neuroimaging studies have shown that, when participants...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3018v1
125 downloads
640 views

The involvement of the right and left hemispheres in mediating language functions has been measured in a variety of ways over the centuries since the relative dominance of the left hemisphere was first known. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) presents...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2962v2
1,250 downloads
4,594 views

Background: Paediatric SLT roles often involve planning individualised intervention for specific children (provided directly by SLTs or indirectly through non-SLTs), working collaboratively with families and education staff and providing advice and training. A...

["Cognitive Disorders","Evidence Based Medicine","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2951v1
77 downloads
431 views

Background. High talker variability (i.e. multiple voices in the input) has been found effective in training non-native phonetic contrasts in adults. A small number of studies suggest that children also benefit from high-variability phonetic training with some...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2870v2
73 downloads
211 views

Objective: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the effects of the achievement motive on important variables such as the purpose in life and social participation with objective physical functions in predicting within-person fluctuations and between-person...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Geriatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2801v1
3,949 downloads
8,482 views

Background: Lack of agreement about criteria and terminology for children’s language difficulties affects access to services as well as hindering research and practice. We report the second phase of a study using an online Delphi method to address these issues....

["Cognitive Disorders","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2484v2
861 downloads
661 views

This study was conducted to investigate the theory of dual coding on remembering words, by testing whether concrete words are better recalled than abstract words. A total of 298 (from Asian ethnicity) participants took part in this study. The participants were...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2719v1
210 downloads
599 views

Measurement of pupil size (pupillometry) has recently gained renewed interest from psychologists, but there is little agreement on how pupil-size data is best analyzed. Here we focus on one aspect of pupillometric analyses: baseline correction, that is, analyzing...

["Neuroscience","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2725v1
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