Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

197 downloads
328 views

Prebiotics are selectively fermentable dietary compounds that result in changes in the composition and/or activity of the intestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefits upon host health. In veterinary medicine, commercially available products containing prebiotics...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2814v1
99 downloads
211 views

In the present study, Okara, a soybean by-product from the production of tofu and soymilk, was processed by solid state fermentation (SSF) with Neurospora crassa Mai 1-1, a filamentous and edible fungus which was firstly isolated in our group. The proximate composition,...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2636v1
46 downloads
150 views

Background. Currently, the number of obese people in the world has reached alarming proportions. During the expansion of adipose tissue, a number of functions such as activation and release of cytokines and hormones may be affected. This causes the body to take...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2535v1
97 downloads
169 views

This experiment was conducted to determine the bioavailability of D-methionine (Met) relative to L-Met for nursery pigs using the slope-ratio assay. A total of 50 crossbred barrows with an initial BW of 13.5 kg (SD = 1.0) were used in an N balance study. A Met-deficient...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2130v1
44 downloads
124 views

Background: Skinfold thickness (SFT) measurements are a reliable and feasible method for assessing body fat in children but their use and interpretation is hindered by the scarcity of reference values in representative populations of children. The objectives of...

["Epidemiology","Nutrition","Pediatrics","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2053v1
148 downloads
270 views

Background: Because of increasing antibiotic resistance, herbal teas are the most popular natural alternatives, which are gaining even more importance. We examined the antimicrobial activities of 31 herbal teas both alone and in combination with antibiotics or...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2029v1
271 downloads
276 views

Background The wide use of pesticides raises concerns on the health risks associated with pesticide exposure. For developing countries, pesticide residues in vegetables and fruits have not been totally monitored. This study aims at providing comparison data on...

["Agricultural Science","Environmental Sciences","Food Science and Technology","Toxicology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1928v1
120 downloads
156 views

Background Despite of advances in research, at the moment, various points related to the physiology of gestation and the etiology of severe diseases that can be developed in the course of it remain unknown. One of those aspects is the behavior of biomarkers (triglycerides,...

["Gynecology and Obstetrics","Nursing","Nutrition","Women's Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1878v1
175 downloads
228 views

Captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) often suffer from obesity-related health issues including arthritis, diabetes, and heart disease. It is becoming increasingly common to house captive chimpanzees in large social groups, which may increase aggression due to...

["Animal Behavior","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1793v1
86 downloads
242 views

Background. Child undernutrition and flooding are highly prevalent public health issues in many developing countries. Yet we have little understanding of preventive strategies for effective coping in these circumstances. Education has been recently highlighted...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Nutrition","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1687v1
75 downloads
210 views

Background. Self-regulation tools are not always used optimally, and implementation intention plans often lack quality. Therefore, this study explored participants’ use and feasibility evaluation of self-regulation techniques and their impact on goal attainment.Methods....

["Global Health","Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1493v1
220 downloads
345 views

The digestive tract of mammals and other animals is colonized by trillions of metabolically active microorganisms. Changes in the gut microbiota have been associated with obesity in both humans and laboratory animals. Dietary modifications can often modulate the...

["Bioinformatics","Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Nutrition","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1458v1
56 downloads
226 views

Introduction: Hospital readmission within 30 days of discharge is a target for health care cost savings through the medicare Value Based Purchasing initiative. Because of this focus, hospitals and health systems are investing considerable resources into the identification...

["Geriatrics","Health Policy","Hematology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1186v1
2,149 downloads
658 views

Aging has been defined as the loss of function and ability to interact with the environment. The social perception of aging involves the inability to live independently due to loss of mobility, cognition, and sensory functions. Aging is a risk factor for pathology...

["Bioengineering","Geriatrics","Nutrition","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1015v1
136 downloads
265 views

Background: The aims of this study were to translate the Obesity-Related Problem scale (OP scale) into the Norwegian language and test its reliability, validity and responsiveness in a Norwegian sample. Method: The questionnaire (OP scale) was translated from the...

["Nursing","Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.900v1
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