Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

33 downloads
129 views

Cytokines are fundamental for a functioning immune system, and thus, potentially serve as important indicators of animal health. Quantitation of mRNA using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) is an established immunological technique....

["Marine Biology","Molecular Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Immunology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2735v1
78 downloads
468 views

Natural selection, the most important force in evolution, comes in three forms. Negative purifying selection removes deleterious variation and maintains adaptations. Positive directional selection fixes beneficial variants, producing new adaptations. Balancing...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Marine Biology","Immunology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.924v1
1,448 downloads
3,960 views

The whale shark (Rhincodon typus) has by far the largest body size of any elasmobranch (shark or ray) species and is therefore also the largest extant species of the paraphyletic assemblage commonly referred to as “fishes”. As both a phenotypic extreme and a member...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Bioinformatics","Genomics","Marine Biology","Immunology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.837v1
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