Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

142 downloads
436 views

Arsenic (As), a toxic element, has impacted life since early Earth. Thus, microorganisms have evolved many As resistance and tolerance mechanisms to improve their survival outcomes given As exposure. We isolated As resistant bacteria from Centralia, PA, the site...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2451v2
21 downloads
97 views

Fundamentally, beta diversity is a measure of species turnover across time or space. In practice, it is sometimes unclear exactly what aspect of beta diversity that is implied in studies. For instance, a trend in ’spatial beta diversity’ can be used to refer to...

["Biodiversity","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3157v1
42 downloads
196 views

Coral reefs supply millions of people with ecosystem goods and services, especially those living along tropical coastlines. Unfortunately, these ecosystems are disappearing at an alarming pace. In the Caribbean, the rate of coral loss is high (5.5 – 9.2% per year)...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3148v1
90 downloads
272 views

Metabarcoding and metagenomic approaches are becoming routine techniques in biodiversity assessment and ecological studies. The assignment of taxonomic information to sequences is challenging, as many reference libraries are lacking information on certain taxonomic...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Ecology","Molecular Biology","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3133v1
69 downloads
209 views

Background: Metabarcoding studies allow a wide variety of taxa to be analysed simultaneously in a fraction of the time taken by morphological identification, but currently metabarcoding studies must rely on sequence similarity-based methodologies to delimit operational...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3121v1
12 downloads
68 views

Background. Establishment success of non-native species can be influenced by interactions with native competitors and novel enemies. Magnitude of interactions between species is mediated by traits, e.g. reflecting competitive strength or defence mechanisms. We...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3088v1
27 downloads
99 views

Leishmaniasis represents an important public health problem in Brazil. The continuous process of urbanization and expansion of human activities in forest areas impacts natural habitats, modifying the ecology of some species of Leishmania, as well as its vectors...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3083v1
15 downloads
128 views

Abstract Aim To improve predictions of spatial and temporal patterns of species richness it is important to consider how species presence at a site is defined. This is because this definition affects our estimate of species richness, which should be aligned with...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3077v1
299 downloads
1,028 views

The outstanding biodiversity found in the American tropics (the Neotropics) has attracted the attention of naturalists for centuries. Despite major advances in the generation of biodiversity data, many questions remain to be answered. In this review, we first summarize...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3074v1
19 downloads
79 views

Exotic invasive species represent a major driver of the loss of biological diversity and services provided by ecosystems globally. An important source of species becoming invasive are the commercial afforestation projects using fast growing and adaptable exotic...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3019v1
1,014 downloads
717 views

Microbes, with their vast metabolic capabilities and great adaptability, occupy almost every conceivable ecological niche on Earth. Thus, could they survive in the oligotrophic (i.e., nutrient poor) deionized (DI) water that we use for experiments? Observations...

["Biochemistry","Biodiversity","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.181v5
37 downloads
248 views

Conservation biological control emphasizes the importance of vegetation other than the focal crop for providing natural enemies with refuge and shelter against disturbance. There is an unmet need for better methods to identify types of vegetation that are optimal...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ecology","Ecosystem Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3003v1
141 downloads
425 views

Background. Species that transform habitats in ways that influence other species are known as Ecosystem Engineers. While the impacts of many engineers have been well described, how the impacts of engineers vary along or even alter environmental gradients remains...

["Biodiversity","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1692v4
143 downloads
505 views

Much of Earth’s biodiversity is at the mercy of currents and physical turnover. Residence time (τ) is the average time that particles spend in a system and is estimated from the ratio of volume to flow rate. Here, we present a framework for how τ influences biodiversity...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2727v2
23 downloads
201 views

We determined the environmental requirements leading to germination by three common species found during the summer rainy season in a peri-urban site where construction of a university campus was underway. In particular, we evaluated laboratory responses to low-temperature...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ecology","Plant Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2950v1
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