Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

314 downloads
697 views

The oldest feathers known to date have been found in archosaurs capable to fly. However, some of them (scansoriopterygids) flied by the use of a membrane rather than feathers. We therefore propose a new mechanism for the origin of avian flight by the use of membranous...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27213v1
144 downloads
425 views

Birds are unique among extant tetrapods in having pneumatic diverticula of the lungs and air sacs that pass among the viscera and muscles, under the skin, and into the skeleton. In addition, some birds also have supramedullary diverticula inside the neural canal,...

["Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27201v2
13 downloads
58 views

Background. Geographic variation in body size and condition can reveal differential local adaptation to resource availability or climatic factors. Body size and condition are related to fitness in garter snakes (Thamnophis), thus good body condition may increase...

["Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27205v1
38 downloads
172 views

Complete mitochondrial genomes of Indian tent turtle, Pangshura tentoria was sequenced and annotated as 16,657 bp in length. This first assembly was encoded by 37 genes: 13 protein coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA (tRNAs), two ribosomal RNA (rRNAs) as similar...

["Genomics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27202v1
13 downloads
55 views

Background. The gut microbiota plays an important role in host immunity and metabolichomeostasis. Although analyses of gut microbiotas have been used to assess host health,as well as for disease prevention and treatment, no comparative study of gut microbiotasamong...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27193v1
12 downloads
48 views

The breeding range of the Red Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca iliaca) is generally recognized as comprising the boreal forest of Canada. However, recent observations suggest that the species is present during the summer months throughout much of the northeastern...

["Biogeography","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27192v1
172 downloads
342 views

The scarcity of free-standing water sources is a key determinant of animal and plant community structure in arid environments, and an understanding of the extent to which particular species use surface water is vital for modelling the effects of climate change...

["Ecology","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology","Biosphere Interactions"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3167v2
153 downloads
304 views

The use of personal ornaments by Neandertals is one of the scarce evidence of their symbolic behaviour. Among them stand up the eagle talons used presumably as pendants, in an analogous way than anatomically Modern Humans (Homo sapiens) did. Considering the broad...

["Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27133v1
48 downloads
794 views

Widely recognized as the largest terrestrial mammal in the Neotropics, the globally endangered, IUCN Red-listed, Baird’s tapir Tapirus bairdii has been in a continual decline due to habitat loss, localized hunting, and their low reproductive rates. Because of its...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27128v1
743 downloads
1,237 views
Christos D Arvanitidis, Richard M Warwick, Paul J Somerfield, Christina Pavloudi, Evangelos Pafilis, Anastassis Oulas, Giorgos Chatzigeorgiou, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Theodoros Patkos, Nicolas Bailly, Francisco Hernandez, Bart Vanhoorne, Leen Vandepitte, Ward Appeltans, Robert Adlard, Peter Adriaens, Ahn Kee-Jeong, Ahyong Shane, Akkari Nesrine, Gary Anderson, Angel Martin, Claudia Arango, Tom Artois, Stephen Atkinson, Ruud Bank, Anthony D Barber, Joao P Barbosa, Ilse Bartsch, Denise Bellan-Santini, Jimmy Bernot, Rüdiger Bieler, Magda Błażewicz, Phil Bock, Ruth Böttger-Schnack, Philippe Bouchet, Nicole Boury-Esnault, Geoff Boxshall, Christopher B Boyko, Simone Nunes Brandão, Rod Bray, Niel L Bruce, Stephen Cairns, Tania N Campinas Bezerra, Paco Cárdenas, Benny KK Chan, Tin-Yam Chan, Lanna Cheng, Morgan Churchill, Laure Corbari, Ralf Cordeiro, Astrid Cornils, Keith A Crandall, Thomas Cribb, Jean-Loup D'hondt, Meg Daly, Mikhail Daneliya, Jean-Claude Dauvin, Peter Davie, Claude De Broyer, Valentin De Mazancourt, Nicole De Voogd, Peter Decker, Danielle Defaye, Henk Dijkstra, Martin Dohrmann, Daryl Domning, Rachel Downey, Inna Drapun, Ursula Eisendle-Flöckner, Christine Ewers-Saucedo, Marien Faber, Diego Figueroa, Julian Finn, Gustavo Fonseca, Ewan Fordyce, William Foster, Hidetaka Furuya, Horia Galea, Oscar Garcia-Alvarez, Rade Garic, Rebeca Gasca, Santiago Gaviria-Melo, Sarah Gerken, David Gibson, João Gil, Arjan Gittenberger, Chris Glasby, Serge Gofas, Samuel E Gómez-Noguera, David González-Solís, Dennis Gordon, Michal Grabowski, Cinzia Gravili, José M Guerra-García, Roberto Guidetti, Katja Guilini, Kerry A Hadfield, Ed Hendrycks, Bachiller Herrera, Ju-Shey Ho, Jens Høeg, Oleksandr Holovachov, Matthew D Hooge, John Hooper, Tammy Horton, Lauren Hughes, Matús Hyžný, Luiz IF Moretti, Tohru Iseto, Viatcheslav N Ivanenko, Gerhard Jarms, Damià Jaume, Krzysztof Jazdzewski, Ivana Karanovic, Young-Hyo Kim, Rachael King, Michelle Klautau, Jürgen Kolb, Alexey Kotov, Traudl Krapp-Schickel, Antonina Kremenetskaia, Reinhardt Kristensen, Andreas Kroh, Sven Kullander, Rafael La Perna, Sara LeCroy, Daniel Leduc, Rafael Lemaitre, Anne-Nina Lörz, Jim Lowry, Enrique Macpherson, Larry Madin, Tomasz Mamos, Renata Manconi, Bruce Marshall, David J Marshall, Patrick Martin, Sandra McInnes, Jan Mees, Tõnu Meidla, Kelly Merrin, Dmitry Miljutin, Claudia Mills, Vadim Mokievsky, Tina Molodtsova, Rich Mooi, André C Morandini, Rosana Moreira Da Rocha, Fabio Moretzsohn, Jonas Mortelmans, Jeanne Mortimer, Luigi Musco, Thomas A Neubauer, Eike Neubert, Peter NG Neuhaus, Anh D Nguyen, Claus Nielsen, Jon Norenburg, Tim O'Hara, Hisayo Okahashi, Dennis Opresko, Masayuki Osawa, Yuzo Ota, Gustav Paulay, Vincent Perrier, William Perrin, Iorgu Petrescu, Bernard Picton, John F Pilger, Andrzej Pisera, Dan Polhemus, Gary Poore, James D Reimer, Hans Reip, Michael Reuscher, Pilar Rios Lopez, Marc Rius, Alexander Rzhavsky, José Saiz-Salinas, André F Sartori, Heinrich Schatz, Bernd Schierwater, Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa, Simon Schneider, Christine Schönberg, André R Senna, Cristiana Serejo, Shabuddin Shaik, Shokoofeh Shamsi, Jyotsna Sharma, Noa Shenkar, Andrew Shinn, Jacek Sicinski, Volker Siegel, Petra Sierwald, Elizabeth Simmons, Frederic Sinniger, Duncan Sivell, Boris Sket, Harry Smit, Nicole Smol, Jesser F Souza-Filho, Jörg Spelda, Sérgio N Stampar, Eric Stienen, Pavel Stoev, Sabine Stöhr, Malin Strand, Eduardo Suárez-Morales, Mindi Summers, Billie J Swalla, Stefano Taiti, Masaatsu Tanaka, Anne H Tandberg, Danny Tang, Mark Tasker, Harry ten Hove, Jan J ter Poorten, Jim Thomas, Erik V Thuesen, Ben Thuy, Juan T Timi, Antonio Todaro, Xavier Turon, Peter Uetz, Sergiy Utevsky, Jean Vacelet, Risto Väinölä, Sancia ET van der Meij, Ton van Haaren, Virág Venekey, Chris Vos, Genefor Walker-Smith, Chad T Walter, Les Watling, Matthew Wayland, Christopher Whipps, Gary Williams, Robin Wilson, Moriaki Yasuhara, Joana Zanol, Wolfgang Zeidler

Research Infrastructures (RIs) are facilities, resources and services used by the scientific community to conduct research and foster innovation. LifeWatch ERIC has developed various virtual research environments, which include many virtual laboratories (vLabs)...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26819v2
61 downloads
141 views

As the global road network expands, roads pose an emerging threat to wildlife populations. One way in which roads can affect wildlife is wildlife-vehicle collisions, which can be a significant cause of mortality through roadkill. In order to successfully mitigate...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27114v1
463 downloads
208 views

In birds, observed adult sex ratios often are biased towards males. This bias could arise due to differences between sexes in dispersal or in catchability, but a preferred explanation has been sex differences in survival. However, most studies investigated apparent...

["Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27090v1
42 downloads
72 views

The responsiveness of the avian stress system declines with age. A recently published study of European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) found that a marker of biological age predicted stress responsiveness even in individuals of the same chronological age. Specifically,...

["Animal Behavior","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27057v1
136 downloads
413 views

Infectious diseases can alter the demography of their host populations, reducing their viability even in the absence of mass mortality. Amphibians are the most threatened group of vertebrates globally, and emerging infectious diseases play a large role in their...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology","Freshwater Biology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27056v1
74 downloads
164 views

Background. The bushbuck, Tragelaphus scriptus, is the most widespread and ecologically diverse ungulate species complex within the spiral-horned antelopes. This species was recently found to consist of two genetically divergent but monophyletic Scriptus and Sylvaticus...

["Biogeography","Genetics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27011v2
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