Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

45 downloads
307 views

1. Interspecific relationships, termed symbiosis, are considered very diverse, while intraspecific relationships have just two categories. 2. The present classification fails to define all interactions among members of the same species, as demonstrated by observations...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2563v3
4 downloads
82 views

Cognitive functioning is vital for enabling animals of all taxa to optimise their chances of survival and reproductive success. Learning and memory in particular are drivers of many evolutionary processes. The field of cognitive ecology explores how the environment...

["Animal Behavior","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2728v1
1 download
39 views

Background. Theory predicts strong bottom-up control in detritus-based food webs, yet field experiments with detritus-based terrestrial systems have uncovered contradictory evidence regarding the strength and pervasiveness of bottom-up control processes. Two factors...

["Ecology","Soil Science","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2722v1
50 downloads
135 views

We present new information on the distribution of the marsupial frog Gastrotheca testudinea (Jiménez de la Espada, 1870) in Ecuador. We provide the first record from the province of Cañar, and the country’s southernmost locality (which also corresponds to the third...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2710v1
67 downloads
561 views

While large mass mortality events (MMEs) are well known for toothed whales, they have been rare in baleen whales due to their less gregarious behaviour. Although in most cases the cause of mortality has not been conclusively identified, some baleen whale mortality...

["Conservation Biology","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2707v1
17 downloads
99 views

The morphology and affinities of newly discovered soft-bodied fossils from the early Cambrian (Series 2: Stage 4, Dyeran) Carrara Formation that resemble modern and fossil porpitids are discussed. These specimens show substantial similarity to the Ordovician porpitid...

["Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2706v1
18 downloads
128 views

Mammalian tears are produced by lacrimal glands to protect eyes and to function in chemical communication and immunity. However, excess tears flow through nasolacrimal ductsto nasal tissues, and via the nasopharyngeal duct to the oral cavity where digestion starts....

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2702v1
12 downloads
55 views

Temperature rise from climate change may completely change geological landscapes and environmental conditions at habitats previously conducive for specific animal species. Together with increasing difficulty in coping with greater fluctuations in temperature between...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2696v1
3 downloads
53 views

Considering the difficulty of breeding endangered species in captivity relative to those in the wild, specific environmental factors such as availability of roaming space and nutrition may be important reasons contributing to the relative lack of procreation capability...

["Animal Behavior","Biochemistry","Conservation Biology","Microbiology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2686v1
5 downloads
50 views

Background: The gastrointestinal tract (GIT) microbiota is essential to metabolic health, and the prevalence of the Western diet (WD) high in fat and sugar is increasing, with evidence highlighting a negative interaction between the GIT and WD resulting in liver...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2681v1
7 downloads
32 views

Insects are important in assessing ecosystem quality and health. Current climate change models predict that in the next one hundred years, intense storms separated by long periods of drought will frequent French Polynesia. Variation in water availability may be...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2678v1
12 downloads
99 views

Background Understanding how interspecific interactions affect a species and its access to resources is of great importance in a changing environment with limited resources. Investigating the effects of interspecific interactions of sympatric gecko species in Moorea...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2675v1
40 downloads
117 views

Human expansion has negatively impacted biodiversity. Oceanic islands have some of the most diverse, endemic biodiversity. Endemism leads to vulnerability due to the isolated and discrete nature of oceanic islands. Birds are indicator species that adapt to change...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2672v1
18 downloads
96 views

The land snails collected by the ‘Comisión Científica del Pacifíco’ (CCP), a Spanish expedition to South and Central America from 1862–1866, are restudied and revised. The historical context of the expedition and the study of its collected material are described....

["Biogeography","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2667v1
11 downloads
67 views

Sacoglossan sea slugs have complex interactions with their environment. They are well known for their ability to sequester stolen chloroplasts and utilize them for photoautotrophic CO2 fixation, yet the dependence on this is not clear in most species. Elysia stylifera...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2650v1
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