Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

84 downloads
187 views

Backgroud. Mercuric sulfide (HgS) has been used in traditional medicines for thousands of years, such as cinnabar, Zuotai and so on. Increasing research supports that HgS is different from mercury chloride (HgCl2) and methylmercury (MeHg) in toxicity and pharmacology,...

["Toxicology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3308v1
91 downloads
2,861 views

Background. Pesticidal RNAs silencing critical gene function have great potential in pest management, but the benefits of this technology must be weighed against non-target organism risks. Methods. Published studies that developed pesticidal dsRNAs were collated...

["Biotechnology","Ecology","Entomology","Toxicology","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3287v1
27 downloads
249 views

Discarded vehicle tire casings are an important artificial habitat for the developmental stages of numerous vector mosquitoes. Discarded vehicle tires degrade under ultraviolet light and leach numerous soluble metals (e.g., barium, cadmium, zinc) and organic substances...

["Ecology","Entomology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3065v1
80 downloads
467 views

Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most toxic heavy metals and is difficult to remove from contaminated soil and water. Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum), as an energy crop, exhibits a valuable potential to develop Cd polluted sites due to its use as a biofuel rather...

["Plant Science","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2883v2
135 downloads
224 views

Neonicotinoid are the most commonly used class of insecticides. Between 2005 and 2010 neonicotinoid use in the USA and UK more than doubled. Anecdotal evidence suggests similar trends exist in New Zealand, where neonicotinoid seed coatings are now often applied...

["Agricultural Science","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2919v1
847 downloads
643 views

This paper presents a novel assay that allows a quick and robust assessment of the effects of biocides on the initial settling and establishment of marine photoautotrophic biofilms. The assay integrates the response of the multitude of indigenous fouling organisms,...

["Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Taxonomy","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.240v3
86 downloads
240 views

Chemical pollution was monitored and assessed along the Swedish west coast. 62 of 172 analyzed organic chemicals were detected in the water phase of at least one of five monitored sites. A Concentration Addition based screening-level risk assessment indicates that...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2894v1
57 downloads
257 views

Atrazine is a widely used herbicide developed for use in range and pastureland. It is present in many surface waters, contaminating nontarget organisms due to its persistence. In this study, the effects of acute exposure to atrazine on retinoid signaling were investigated...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2880v2
110 downloads
301 views

Historically, handling insects has usually involved their being killed, but non-lethal approaches are necessary when evaluating the biology of such organisms. Anesthesia has been used as one of these non-lethal approaches. Two common anesthetics used in this way...

["Entomology","Toxicology","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2874v1
159 downloads
531 views

Zinc levels in artificial seawater are often unnaturally elevated, and thus potentially toxic to aquacultured corals. However, our knowledge of how zinc affects corals is still limited. We tested the effects of zinc supplementation (0, 1, 10 and 100 µg L–1) on...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Marine Biology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2858v1
90 downloads
192 views

Background. Litchi stink-bug, Tessaratoma papillosa Drury (Hemiptera: Tessaratomidae) is a major pest on litchi and longan in Southern China. It is urgent to develop valid biological agent for control the pest and improve IPM strategy on orchard farming. Entomopathogenic...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Microbiology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2851v1
97 downloads
282 views

Worldwide concern about the impacts of endocrine disrupting compounds on both human and environmental health has led to implementation of multiple screening and testing programs. In most cases these programs have focused on impacts to the estrogen, androgen and...

["Computational Biology","Toxicology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2605v1
116 downloads
264 views

In response to the requirements of the US EPA’s Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program, Tier 1 assays have been performed with a number of pesticides over the past several years. These assays are designed to be used in concert as a screen for potential interactions...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2596v1
201 downloads
266 views

Water quality benchmarks are developed by many jurisdictions worldwide with the general goal of identifying concentrations that protect aquatic communities. Imidacloprid is a widely-used neonicotinoid insecticide for which benchmark values vary widely between North...

["Agricultural Science","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2584v1
163 downloads
222 views

Presentations in session one of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America Focused Topic Meeting: Endocrine Disruption (February 4 – 6, 2014) described where the science and the regulations have arrived and identified the key challenges...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Genomics","Toxicology","Histology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2583v1
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