Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

1 download
54 views

Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most toxic heavy metals and is difficult to remove from contaminated soil and water. Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum), as an energy crop, exhibits a valuable potential to develop Cd polluted sites due to its use as a biofuel rather...

["Plant Science","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2883v1
7 downloads
100 views

Atrazine is a widely used herbicide developed for use in range and pastureland. It is present in many surface waters, contaminating nontarget organisms due to its persistence. In this study, the effects of acute exposure to atrazine on retinoid signaling were investigated...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2880v1
49 downloads
76 views

Historically, handling insects has usually involved their being killed, but non-lethal approaches are necessary when evaluating the biology of such organisms. Anesthesia has been used as one of these non-lethal approaches. Two common anesthetics used in this way...

["Entomology","Toxicology","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2874v1
59 downloads
306 views

Zinc levels in artificial seawater are often unnaturally elevated, and thus potentially toxic to aquacultured corals. However, our knowledge of how zinc affects corals is still limited. We tested the effects of zinc supplementation (0, 1, 10 and 100 µg L–1) on...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Marine Biology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2858v1
18 downloads
65 views

Background. Litchi stink-bug, Tessaratoma papillosa Drury (Hemiptera: Tessaratomidae) is a major pest on litchi and longan in Southern China. It is urgent to develop valid biological agent for control the pest and improve IPM strategy on orchard farming. Entomopathogenic...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Microbiology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2851v1
51 downloads
175 views

Worldwide concern about the impacts of endocrine disrupting compounds on both human and environmental health has led to implementation of multiple screening and testing programs. In most cases these programs have focused on impacts to the estrogen, androgen and...

["Computational Biology","Toxicology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2605v1
68 downloads
177 views

In response to the requirements of the US EPA’s Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program, Tier 1 assays have been performed with a number of pesticides over the past several years. These assays are designed to be used in concert as a screen for potential interactions...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2596v1
98 downloads
174 views

Water quality benchmarks are developed by many jurisdictions worldwide with the general goal of identifying concentrations that protect aquatic communities. Imidacloprid is a widely-used neonicotinoid insecticide for which benchmark values vary widely between North...

["Agricultural Science","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2584v1
97 downloads
148 views

Presentations in session one of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America Focused Topic Meeting: Endocrine Disruption (February 4 – 6, 2014) described where the science and the regulations have arrived and identified the key challenges...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Genomics","Toxicology","Histology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2583v1
268 downloads
171 views

Approaches to assessing endocrine disruptors (EDs) differ across the globe, with some regulatory environments using a hazard-based approach, while others employ risk-based analyses. In session four of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC)...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2580v1
43 downloads
96 views

This special series of six papers (this introductory paper and 5 other papers) is about the Focused Topic Meeting on Endocrine Disruption Chemical Testing; Risk Assessment Approaches and Implications (4 – 6 February, 2014, Raleigh, North Carolina). The workshop...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Genomics","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2578v1
243 downloads
2,175 views

Herbicide use is among the most criticized aspects of modern farming operations, especially in response to widespread adoption of genetically-engineered (GE) herbicide-resistant crops. Many previous analyses of herbicide use have relied on flawed metrics in an...

["Agricultural Science","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2540v1
136 downloads
140 views

The focus of this session was on the proposed USEPA Endocrine Disruption Screening Program (EDSP) Tier 2 testing protocols. Tier 2 tests have been developed to evaluate the potential impacts of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) over the life cycle across organisms...

["Ecosystem Science","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2527v1
28 downloads
197 views

The study of subjective, first-person experience is a topic with both philosophical and practical implications. In this article, I discuss the value of collecting a critical mass of prose or verbal descriptions of introspectively determined, subjective effects...

["Toxicology","Evidence Based Medicine","Neurology","Pharmacology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2424v1
51 downloads
137 views

Snakebite envenomings represent a neglected public health issue in many parts of the rural tropical world. Animal-derived antivenoms have existed for more than a hundred years and are effective in neutralizing snake venom toxins when timely administered. However,...

["Bioinformatics","Biotechnology","Toxicology","Immunology","Synthetic Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2364v1
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