Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

34 downloads
254 views

The sparse dinosaur record of eastern North America has rendered the dinosaurs of the Late Cretaceous landmass of Appalachia obscure. This landmass, isolated from the western landmass Laramidia by a great inland sea known as the Western Interior Seaway, may have...

["Biogeography","Ecology","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3105v1
129 downloads
819 views

For almost the entirely of the latter half of the Cretaceous, the continent of North America was divided into two sections, Laramidia in the west and Appalachia in the east. Unfortunately, this latter landmass recorded only a sparse fossil record of dinosaurs,...

["Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3097v3
25 downloads
143 views

Introduction: Increasingly, the emergence and evolution of our species is being tied to genetic exchange between divergent lineages within ~1Ma (e.g., Neanderthals, Denisovans). However, little is known about genetic exchange during earlier (pre-1Ma) human evolution...

["Anthropology","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3071v1
124 downloads
469 views

We herein examine the only known non-planispirally coiled early Devonian ammonoid, the holotype specimen of Ivoites opitzi, to investigate if the host was encrusted in vivo and if these sclerobionts were responsible for the trochospiral coiling observed on this...

["Ecology","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2479v2
344 downloads
1,674 views

For many years the precise taxonomy of Titanosauria has been a puzzle, and even today only certain segments of this vast clade are well-understood. The phylogenetic positions of many titanosaurs are murky, though specimens often still await rigorous analysis. One...

["Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2988v1
37 downloads
172 views

The Early to Late Oligocene Propalaeocastor is the earliest known beaver genus from Eurasia. Although many species of this genus have been described, these species are defined based on very fragmentary specimens. Propalaeocastor irtyshensis from the Early Oligocene...

["Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2926v1
342 downloads
2,889 views

Ceratopsids (“horned dinosaurs”) are known from western North America and Asia, a distribution reflecting an inferred subaerial link between the two landmasses during the Late Cretaceous. However, this clade was previously unknown from eastern North America, presumably...

["Biogeography","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2746v2
121 downloads
884 views

Spinosaurids (Diapsida: Spinosauridae) and sphenacodontids (Synapsida: Sphenacodontidae) share not only a characteristic tall neural spines, but also an atypical – compared to their close respective relatives – ecology, i.e. apparently piscivorous and possibly...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2917v1
62 downloads
421 views

New records of the Oligo-Miocene mekosuchine crocodilian, Baru, from Queensland and the Northern Territory are described. B. wickeni and B. darrowi are accepted as valid species in the genus and their diagnoses are revised. Both species are present in Queensland...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2909v1
97 downloads
355 views

The morphology and affinities of newly discovered disc-shaped soft-bodied fossils from the early Cambrian (Series 2: Stage 4, Dyeran) Carrara Formation are discussed. These specimens show some similarity to the Ordovician Discophyllum Hall, 1847; traditionally...

["Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2706v2
65 downloads
226 views

The recent description of the Tremadocian halkieriid-like stem aculiferan, Calvapilosa kroegeri, could shed new light on some enigmatic Ordovician fossils known only by their disarticulated plates. Specifically, Conchopeltis alternata could be interpreted as a...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2854v1
203 downloads
962 views

Synapsida, the clade including therapsids and thus also mammals, is one of the two major branches of amniotes. Organismal design, with modularity as a concept, offers insights into the evolution of therapsids, a group that experienced profound anatomical transformations...

["Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience","Paleontology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2313v2
194 downloads
718 views

The patella is a sesamoid bone located in the major extensor tendon of the knee joint, in the hindlimb of many tetrapods. Although numerous aspects of knee morphology are ancient and conserved among most tetrapods, the evolutionary occurrence of the patella is...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2594v2
109 downloads
1,160 views

Vertebrate trace fossils are common in Upper Triassic deposits across the American southwest. These ichnofauna are dominated by Grallator, Brachychirotherium, and Pseudotetrasauropus, and lack ichnotaxa traditionally considered to be Early Jurassic in age, such...

["Biogeography","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2662v2
227 downloads
1,241 views

A novel reconstruction of the nodosaurid dinosaur Struthiosaurus austriacus Bunzel 1871 is presented. Because bones and dermal armor are preserved as disarticulated elements only and because of the lack of field notes from the original excavation(s), any attempt...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2758v1
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