Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

40 downloads
281 views

Meta analysis refers to a process of integration of the results of many studies to arrive at evidence syn- thesis. Meta analysis is similar to systematic review; however, in addition to narrative summary that is conducted in systematic review, in meta analysis,...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2978v1
24 downloads
140 views

The search for a universal definition of death is a relatively new objective in human history, framed by complex biological, technological, and socio-political factors. While it is widely understood that “life” and “death” describe inverse states of being, what...

["Health Policy","Neurology","Ethical Issues","Legal Issues"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2890v1
117 downloads
193 views

The “reproducibility crisis” has been a highly visible source of scientific controversy and dispute. Here, I propose and review several avenues for identifying and prioritizing research studies for the purpose of targeted validation. Of the various proposals discussed,...

["Bioinformatics","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Translational Medicine","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2830v1
37 downloads
117 views

Objectives: The use of escorts (chauffeurs and chaperones) while on duty in after-hours-house-call (AHHC) is one key protective option available to doctors in the service and has been linked to low burnout and increased satisfaction in AHHC. This study aims to...

["Health Policy","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2581v1
46 downloads
282 views

Introduction: An increasing focus on personal electronic health records (PHRs) offers healthcare benefits for patients, particularly those in undeserved and marginalised populations, who are at risk of receiving less effective healthcare, and may have worse health...

["Health Policy","Public Health","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2567v1
453 downloads
413 views

“Open access” has become a central theme of journal reform in academic publishing. In this article, I examine the consequences of an important technological loophole in which publishers can claim to be adhering to the principles of open access by releasing articles...

["Bioinformatics","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Translational Medicine","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2566v1
84 downloads
237 views

Introduction: There exist several barriers to maternal health service utilization in developing countries. Most of the previous studies conducted in India have focused on demand-side barriers, while only a few have touched upon supply-side barriers. None of the...

["Global Health","Health Policy","Nursing","Public Health","Women's Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2362v1
49 downloads
172 views

In 2013 approximately 37,000 people were living with HIV in Ecuador (prevalence 0.4%), representing a generalized epidemic where most new infections arise from sexual interactions in the general population. Studies that examine attitudes towards people living with...

["Global Health","Health Policy","HIV","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2189v1
90 downloads
231 views

Background: Health promoting schools (HPS) is hypothesized to influence student health and wellbeing by promoting a ‘school ethos’ that shapes the physical environment, social relations, organisational structure, policies and practices within the school. This complex...

["Health Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2170v1
91 downloads
250 views

Introduction Hospital readmissions are common, expensive, and a key target of the Medicare Value Based Purchasing (VBP) program. Risk assessment tools have been developed to identify patients at high risk of hospital readmission so they can be targeted for interventions...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Internal Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2093v1
435 downloads
1,451 views

It has come to light that Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy can result in trans-placental transmission to the fetus along with fetal death, congenital microcephaly and/or Central Nervous System (CNS) malformations. There are projected to be > 9, 200,...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Women's Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1818v3
265 downloads
185 views

Background: Ethiopia, a sub-Saharan country with over 94 million populations growing at a rate of 2.6 percent is showing a fast socio-economic improvement. According to World Health Organization 2014, life expectancy in the country has increased by about 19 years...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Health Policy","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1925v1
190 downloads
225 views

Partners of Australian combat veterans are at an increased risk of experiencing mental health problems. For a comparative analysis of mental health of partners of veterans with that of their non-military counterparts, the study sample comprised female partners...

["Global Health","Health Policy","Nursing","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1876v2
78 downloads
206 views

Background: HIV-positive parents are challenged with disclosure to their children. Some do not disclose at all, others disclose to some children, and many take years to fully disclose to all their children. Methods: This qualitative phenomenological study was conducted...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Health Policy","HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1727v1
334 downloads
313 views

Ebola is just one example of the many emerging and re-emerging diseases that continue to affect mainly the developing world. We argue that the unprecedented high level of infections and deaths in the 2013-2016 West African Ebola epidemic, together with the more...

["Global Health","Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1678v1
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