Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

The search for a universal definition of death is a relatively new objective in human history, framed by complex biological, technological, and socio-political factors. While it is widely understood that “life” and “death” describe inverse states of being, what...

["Health Policy","Neurology","Ethical Issues","Legal Issues"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2890v1
110 downloads
151 views

The “reproducibility crisis” has been a highly visible source of scientific controversy and dispute. Here, I propose and review several avenues for identifying and prioritizing research studies for the purpose of targeted validation. Of the various proposals discussed,...

["Bioinformatics","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Translational Medicine","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2830v1
30 downloads
98 views

Objectives: The use of escorts (chauffeurs and chaperones) while on duty in after-hours-house-call (AHHC) is one key protective option available to doctors in the service and has been linked to low burnout and increased satisfaction in AHHC. This study aims to...

["Health Policy","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2581v1
40 downloads
239 views

Introduction: An increasing focus on personal electronic health records (PHRs) offers healthcare benefits for patients, particularly those in undeserved and marginalised populations, who are at risk of receiving less effective healthcare, and may have worse health...

["Health Policy","Public Health","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2567v1
441 downloads
382 views

“Open access” has become a central theme of journal reform in academic publishing. In this article, I examine the consequences of an important technological loophole in which publishers can claim to be adhering to the principles of open access by releasing articles...

["Bioinformatics","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Translational Medicine","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2566v1
77 downloads
201 views

Introduction: There exist several barriers to maternal health service utilization in developing countries. Most of the previous studies conducted in India have focused on demand-side barriers, while only a few have touched upon supply-side barriers. None of the...

["Global Health","Health Policy","Nursing","Public Health","Women's Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2362v1
42 downloads
153 views

In 2013 approximately 37,000 people were living with HIV in Ecuador (prevalence 0.4%), representing a generalized epidemic where most new infections arise from sexual interactions in the general population. Studies that examine attitudes towards people living with...

["Global Health","Health Policy","HIV","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2189v1
77 downloads
212 views

Background: Health promoting schools (HPS) is hypothesized to influence student health and wellbeing by promoting a ‘school ethos’ that shapes the physical environment, social relations, organisational structure, policies and practices within the school. This complex...

["Health Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2170v1
88 downloads
230 views

Introduction Hospital readmissions are common, expensive, and a key target of the Medicare Value Based Purchasing (VBP) program. Risk assessment tools have been developed to identify patients at high risk of hospital readmission so they can be targeted for interventions...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Internal Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2093v1
423 downloads
1,388 views

It has come to light that Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy can result in trans-placental transmission to the fetus along with fetal death, congenital microcephaly and/or Central Nervous System (CNS) malformations. There are projected to be > 9, 200,...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Women's Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1818v3
223 downloads
158 views

Background: Ethiopia, a sub-Saharan country with over 94 million populations growing at a rate of 2.6 percent is showing a fast socio-economic improvement. According to World Health Organization 2014, life expectancy in the country has increased by about 19 years...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Health Policy","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1925v1
186 downloads
209 views

Partners of Australian combat veterans are at an increased risk of experiencing mental health problems. For a comparative analysis of mental health of partners of veterans with that of their non-military counterparts, the study sample comprised female partners...

["Global Health","Health Policy","Nursing","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1876v2
75 downloads
188 views

Background: HIV-positive parents are challenged with disclosure to their children. Some do not disclose at all, others disclose to some children, and many take years to fully disclose to all their children. Methods: This qualitative phenomenological study was conducted...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Health Policy","HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1727v1
293 downloads
283 views

Ebola is just one example of the many emerging and re-emerging diseases that continue to affect mainly the developing world. We argue that the unprecedented high level of infections and deaths in the 2013-2016 West African Ebola epidemic, together with the more...

["Global Health","Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1678v1
59 downloads
1,945 views

There are numerous medical disorders without effective treatments. It is possible that many of un-treatable conditions need more than one compound co-operatively for improvement or cure. Approval of drugs in the U.S. is governed by a rigorous review process by...

["Clinical Trials","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1626v1
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