Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

143 downloads
565 views

Synapsida, the clade including therapsids and thus also mammals, is one of the two major branches of amniotes. Organismal design, with modularity as a concept, offers insights into the evolution of therapsids, a group that experienced profound anatomical transformations...

["Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience","Paleontology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2313v2
42 downloads
292 views

Targeted high-throughput sequencing using hybrid-enrichment offers a promising source of data for inferring multiple, meaningfully resolved, independent gene trees suitable to address challenging phylogenetic problems in species complexes and rapid radiations....

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2763v2
28 downloads
78 views

Without exception, modern hypotheses explaining the origin of eukaryotes assume evolution from two (or more) distinct prokaryotes. Almost all prokaryotic cell membranes possess a chemiosmosis system, whereas eukaryotic cell membranes have lost that ability. Nevertheless,...

["Biophysics","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2802v1
138 downloads
535 views

The patella is a sesamoid bone located in the major extensor tendon of the knee joint, in the hindlimb of many tetrapods. Although numerous aspects of knee morphology are ancient and conserved among most tetrapods, the evolutionary occurrence of the patella is...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2594v2
28 downloads
132 views

Trypanosoma brucei brucei (TBB) belongs to the unicellular parasitic protozoa organisms, specifically to the Trypanosoma genus of the Trypanosomatidae class. A variety of different vertebrate species can be infected by TBB including humans and animals. Under particular...

["Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2775v1
190 downloads
1,068 views

A novel reconstruction of the nodosaurid dinosaur Struthiosaurus austriacus Bunzel 1871 is presented. Because bones and dermal armor are preserved as disarticulated elements only and because of the lack of field notes from the original excavation(s), any attempt...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2758v1
42 downloads
111 views

Based on sequence data from the nuclear ITS and four cpDNA regions (matK, trnH-psbA, trnL-trnF, rbcL), phylogeny of the tribe Thermopsideae was inferred. Our analyses supported this tribe being merged into a monophyletic Sophoreae in a broad sense, with exclusion...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2757v1
27 downloads
318 views

Background. Opsin proteins are seven transmembrane receptor proteins which detect light. Opsins can be classified into two types and share little sequence identity: type 1, typically found in bacteria, and type 2, primarily characterized in metazoa. The type 2...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Mycology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2397v2
46 downloads
159 views

Background. The Balkans are a major biodiversity and endemism hotspot, worldwide. Among the freshwater biota, amphipods are known for their high cryptic diversity. However, little is known about the temporal and paleogeographic aspects of their evolutionary history....

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Molecular Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2741v1
41 downloads
191 views

Site-specific evolutionary rates can be estimated from codon sequences or from amino-acid sequences. For codon sequences, the most popular methods use some variation of the dN/dS ratio. For amino-acid sequences, one widely-used method is called Rate4Site, and it...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2739v1
484 downloads
1,332 views

The "Angiosperm Phylogeny Poster – Flowering Plant Systematics" is an educational tool presenting an overview of the evolutionary relationships among flowering plants according to APG IV and APweb as of 2016. The phylogenetic tree depicts the 64 orders and the...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Plant Science","Taxonomy","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2320v3
144 downloads
343 views

The "Tracheophyte Phylogeny Poster – Vascular Plants: Systematics and Characteristics" is an educational tool presenting an overview of the evolutionary relationships among vascular plants as of 2016. The phylogenetic tree depicts orders and families (incl. genera...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Plant Science","Taxonomy","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2614v2
107 downloads
505 views

The evolution of herbivory in early tetrapods was crucial in the establishment of terrestrial ecosystems, although it is so far unclear what effect this innovation had on the macro-evolutionary patterns observed within this clade. The clades which entered this...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2701v1
32 downloads
160 views

Mammalian tears are produced by lacrimal glands to protect eyes and to function in chemical communication and immunity. However, excess tears flow through nasolacrimal ductsto nasal tissues, and via the nasopharyngeal duct to the oral cavity where digestion starts....

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2702v1
20 downloads
156 views

Background. Interactions between eukaryotic amoebae and bacteria are understudied and important. Bacteria inside of amoebae are protected from external forces including antibiotics. An excellent model for bacteria-amoeba interactions is the social amoeba Dictyostelium...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2698v1
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