Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

42 downloads
398 views

Although water and sanitation are considered as a human right, about three out of ten people (2.1 billion) do not have access to safe drinking water. In 2016, 5.6 million students were enrolled in the 33.9% of Brazilian schools located in rural areas. Only 72%...

["Epidemiology","Public Health","Natural Resource Management","Environmental Contamination and Remediation"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26475v1
332 downloads
646 views

The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) is commonly used for assessing the discriminative ability of prediction models even though the measure is criticized for being clinically irrelevant and lacking an intuitive interpretation....

["Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3468v1
43 downloads
147 views

Animal borne rabies is a source of infection in humans, and raccoons (Procyon lotor) are the primary terrestrial reservoir in West Virginia (WV). To assess the behavior and status of raccoon variant rabies virus (RRV) in WV, a longitudinal analysis for the period...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3403v1
44 downloads
148 views

Background: Haemophilus parasuis is a common porcine respiratory disease that causes high rates of morbidity and mortality in farmed swine. We performed a molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance genes harbored by H. parasuis from pig farms in China....

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3386v1
41 downloads
140 views

Background Home-initiated tuberculosis (TB) evaluation could improve test uptake and linkage to care among at-risk contacts of active TB index patients. However, there is a need to systematically explore why contacts accept, decline, or are unable to complete these...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3384v1
90 downloads
200 views

Setting Seven public tuberculosis (TB) units in Kampala, Uganda, where Uganda’s national TB program recently introduced household contact investigation, as recommended by 2012 guidelines from WHO. Objective To apply a cascade analysis to implementation of household...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3313v1
88 downloads
197 views

This document describes a methodology for continual assessment of the impact of malaria interventions, and the efficiency of the malaria programme. The methodology is designed to be implemented recurrently on a cycle of 2–5 years, with the involvement of stakeholders,...

["Epidemiology","Public Health","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3263v1
48 downloads
171 views

Background. Antimicrobial drugs in veterinary medical practice are primarily prescribed for the purposes of maintaining or improving health and increasing productivity. However, their value is being eroded by antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Indiscriminate use of...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3253v1
28 downloads
311 views

Background: Drugs for dementia have been available in England from 1997. Since their launch, there have been several changes to national guidelines and initiatives that may have influenced prescribing. These include changes in National Institute for health and...

["Neuroscience","Epidemiology","Pharmacology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3238v1
99 downloads
113 views

Objective: In China, the obesity epidemic is truly national and childhood obesity prevalence has rapidly increased and is close to the developed countries. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and temporal trends of overweight and obesity among children...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3207v1
257 downloads
2,502 views

Objective: In this study the main aspects of influenza transmission via fine and ultrafine bioaerosols were considered. Here, we aimed to estimate the impact of the different environment conditions on the deposition rate of the infectious bioaerosols in the respiratory...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2237v5
80 downloads
896 views

We have originally shown for the first time the two different climatic patterns of seasonality of influenza and common colds have an only one common “link”. It is the effect of supersaturation and condensational growth in the upper airways which occurs under specific...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2859v2
45 downloads
438 views

There are many theories of the seasonality of influenza for different climatic zones. But none of the known theories provides a clear explanation, especially for the tropical and subtropical climate. Here we have originally analyzed the association/connection of...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Health Policy","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3132v1
43 downloads
186 views

According to our clinical experience, cellulitis is common in summer; however, very few studies have mentioned this trend. Using Google Trends, we analyzed the monthly data of Google searches for ‘cellulitis’ from 31 countries on six continents. Seasonality explained...

["Dermatology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3124v1
81 downloads
300 views

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Food Science and Technology","Genomics","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3107v1
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