Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

28 downloads
93 views

Digital photographs taken under controlled conditions were used to examine the incidence of linear enamel hypoplasia defects (LEHs) in burials from the Buckeye Knoll archaeological site (41VT98 Victoria county, Texas), which spans the Early to Late Archaic Period...

["Anthropology","Dentistry"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3509v1
44 downloads
115 views

This comprehensive review focuses on comparative data in nonhuman primates and humans in relation to signaling secondary sex characteristics (SSC), sexual behavior, and neurophysiology of sexuality during the female cycle. Obviously, sexual activities of primates...

["Animal Behavior","Anthropology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3449v1
78 downloads
228 views

Primate individuals use a variety of strategies in intergroup encounters, from aggression to tolerance; however, despite the prevalence of tolerance in humans, recent focus on the evolution of intergroup contest has come at the cost of characterizing the role of...

["Animal Behavior","Anthropology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3400v1
43 downloads
152 views

The aim of this anthropometric survey was to map regional differences in height and body proportions in eight counties adjacent to the Adriatic coast of Croatia. Body height was measured in 1803 males and 782 females aged 17-20 years at 66 schools in 23 towns....

["Anthropology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3388v1
99 downloads
259 views

Language and music are peculiar human behaviors. We spend a large portion of our lives speaking, reading, processing speech, performing music and listening to tunes. At the same time, we still know very little as to why and how these structured behaviors emerged...

["Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3366v1
207 downloads
2,019 views

Sexual selection favors traits that increase mating and, thus, reproductive success. Some scholars have suggested that intrasexual selection driven by contest competition has shaped human male aggression. If this is the case, one testable hypothesis is that beliefs...

["Animal Behavior","Anthropology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3331v1
60 downloads
220 views

Social learning provides an effective route to gaining up-to-date information, particularly when information is costly to obtain asocially. Theoretical work predicts that the willingness to switch between using asocial and social sources of information will vary...

["Animal Behavior","Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3212v1
946 downloads
2,862 views

Computers are a central tool in the research process, enabling complex and large scale data analysis. As computer-based research has increased in complexity, so have the challenges of ensuring that this research is reproducible. To address this challenge, we review...

["Anthropology","Computational Biology","Science and Medical Education","Computational Science","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3192v1
49 downloads
278 views

Patagonia, a cul-de-sac for the continental dispersal of Homo sapiens into the Americas, has been extensively analyzed by archaeologists and bioanthropologists. Despite its deep and rich archaeological record, the genetic make up of its pre-contact inhabitants...

["Anthropology","Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3098v1
73 downloads
335 views

Introduction: Increasingly, the emergence and evolution of our species is being tied to genetic exchange between divergent lineages within ~1Ma (e.g., Neanderthals, Denisovans). However, little is known about genetic exchange during earlier (pre-1Ma) human evolution...

["Anthropology","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3071v1
45 downloads
349 views

Households are an important location for the transmission of communicable diseases. Social contact between household members is typically more frequent, of greater intensity, and is more likely to involve people of different age groups than contact occurring in...

["Anthropology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3022v1
197 downloads
198 views

The human male specific Y-chromosome passes from father to son essentially unchanged, but occasionally a random change, known as a mutation, occurs. These mutations, also called markers, serve as beacons and can be mapped. When geneticists identify a mutation in...

["Anthropology","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2755v1
296 downloads
435 views

Whilst most anthropometrical research within sport has focussed on muscle and fat distribution, more studies are measuring the relationship between stature and wingspan, which has been found to be selective criteria in many sports. In this study the stature, wingspan...

["Anthropology","Anatomy and Physiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1892v2
241 downloads
755 views

Sexual selection favors traits that increase mating and, thus, reproductive success. Some scholars have suggested that intrasexual selection driven by contest competition has shaped human male aggression. If this is the case, one testable hypothesis is that beliefs...

["Anthropology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1802v2
72 downloads
357 views

Chimpanzees have the largest relative brain size, greatest reproductive output, and longest lifespan of any non-human ape; they also have the highest level of physical activity in the wild, as measured by daily walking and climbing distances. In this study, we...

["Anthropology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2307v1
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