Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

16 downloads
56 views

Background: Among combat sports, Judo and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) present elevated physical fitness demands from the high-intensity intermittent efforts. However, information regarding how metabolic and neuromuscular physical fitness is associated with technical-tactical...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26882v1
22 downloads
80 views

The aim of this study was to determine the regulatory role of the perlecan HS side chains on cell and matrix homeostasis in tail and Achilles tendons in 3 and 12 week old Hspg2 exon 3 null HS deficient (Hspg2∆3-/∆3- ) and C57 BL/6 Wild Type (WT) mice. Tendons were...

["Biochemistry","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26644v1
160 downloads
497 views

The capacity for language is one of the key features underlying the complexity of human cognition and its evolution. However, little is known about the neurobiological mechanisms that mediate normal or impaired linguistic ability. For developmental dyslexia, early...

["Developmental Biology","Genetics","Neuroscience","Anatomy and Physiology","Cognitive Disorders"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26637v1
1,367 downloads
4,902 views

Autonomic systems in the human body are named for their operation outside of conscious control. One rare exception is voluntarily generated piloerection (VGP) – the conscious ability to cause goosebumps – whose physiological study in scientific history is confined...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26594v1
95 downloads
226 views

Objective. In the foveola of the eye, photoreceptors and Müller cells with a unique morphology have been described, but little is known about their 3D structure and orientation. Considering that there is an angle-dependent change in the foveolar photoreceptor response...

["Biophysics","Cell Biology","Anatomy and Physiology","Ophthalmology","Histology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26518v1
109 downloads
261 views

The compound eye is the primary visual system in crustaceans. Although the histological structure and histochemical characteristics of compound eyes of some insect and crab species are now well understood, no such studies have been undertaken in the whiteleg shrimp...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Anatomy and Physiology","Ophthalmology","Pathology","Histology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3453v1
77 downloads
278 views

Peramelemorphia comprises four families: the extant Peramelidae (bandicoots), and Thylacomyidae (bilbies); the recently extinct Chaeropodidae (pig-footed bandicoot); and the extinct Yaralidae; with at least ten fossil species of uncertain familial affinity designated...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3393v1
45 downloads
180 views

The Callovian Oxford Clay of England has yielded a rich and diverse marine fauna, mainly discovered and described by Alfred Leeds. However, occasionally it also brought forth terrestrial fossils, including four isolated cases of sauropod remains, one of a stegosaurid,...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3243v1
102 downloads
211 views

The availability of free-standing water sources is a key determinant of animal and plant community structure in arid environments, and an understanding of the extent to which particular species depend on drinking water is vital for modelling the effects of climate...

["Ecology","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology","Biosphere Interactions"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3167v1
104 downloads
223 views

The osmotic pressure of chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycans (CS-GAGs) in a simulated physiological environment of articular cartilage is thoroughly examined in silico using full atomistic models. The effects of chemical and physical properties were investigated...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics","Computational Biology","Anatomy and Physiology","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3063v1
66 downloads
416 views

A complete understanding of the feeding structures is fundamental in order to study how animals survive. Some birds use long and protrusible tongues as the main tool to collect their central caloric source (e.g. woodpeckers and nectarivores). Hummingbirds are the...

["Biophysics","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2986v1
293 downloads
1,130 views

Synapsida, the clade including therapsids and thus also mammals, is one of the two major branches of amniotes. Organismal design, with modularity as a concept, offers insights into the evolution of therapsids, a group that experienced profound anatomical transformations...

["Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience","Paleontology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2313v2
238 downloads
882 views

The patella is a sesamoid bone located in the major extensor tendon of the knee joint, in the hindlimb of many tetrapods. Although numerous aspects of knee morphology are ancient and conserved among most tetrapods, the evolutionary occurrence of the patella is...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2594v2
39 downloads
192 views

Structure informs function, and this may be the evolutionary reason why alternative splicing, which is capable of generating different variants of the same protein, arise. But, given the energetic cost of generating different splice variants for testing their capability...

["Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2717v1
361 downloads
458 views

Whilst most anthropometrical research within sport has focussed on muscle and fat distribution, more studies are measuring the relationship between stature and wingspan, which has been found to be selective criteria in many sports. In this study the stature, wingspan...

["Anthropology","Anatomy and Physiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1892v2
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