Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

109 downloads
104 views

Objectives: Dose-response meta-analysis (DRMA) is widely employed to establishing the potential dose-response relationship between continuous exposures and disease outcomes. However, no method is readily available for exploring the relation between a discrete exposure...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Internal Medicine","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27277v1
18 downloads
72 views

Late adolescence to early adulthood is the period of life when prevalence of overweight and obesity rises the fastest, and an important time to understand changes in dietary risk factors. In this study we assess variation in diet quality through analysis of cross-sectional...

["Epidemiology","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27268v1
41 downloads
123 views

In a previous report, we explored the serverless OpenHealth approach to the Web as a Global Compute space. That approach relies on the modern browser full stack, and, in particular, its configuration for application assembly by code injection. The opportunity,...

["Bioinformatics","Epidemiology","Public Health","Computational Science","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27209v1
42 downloads
109 views

Background: Medical decision-making is difficult when information is limited due to rareness. For example, there are two treatment options for patients affected by a rare disease with high lethality. The information about both treatment effects is unavailable or...

["Bioinformatics","Clinical Trials","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27170v1
74 downloads
127 views

The proposed protocol is for a systematic review and meta-analysis on the relationship between vitamin A and body mass. The primary objective is to explore the mechanisms between vitamin A and adiposity such as inflammation, dietary intake and body fat. The secondary...

["Food Science and Technology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27071v1
80 downloads
219 views

Background: In resource-constrained settings, challenges with unique patient identification may limit continuity of care, monitoring and evaluation, and data integrity. Biometrics offer an appealing but understudied potential solution. Methods: We conducted a mixed-methods...

["Global Health","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27007v1
61 downloads
132 views

Background: Individuals’ observation of how group members ahead of them behave can profoundly shape their perceptions, judgements, and subsequent behaviors. Moreover, social influence theories from the sociology of networks suggest that individuals’ social status...

["Epidemiology","HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27006v2
106 downloads
182 views

Women in denial of pregnancy remain unaware of their gravid state. Typically women in labor present to emergency units while attributing their pain to unrelated causes. In higher risk cases, women experience unassisted delivery in a non-hospital setting. In concealment...

["Evolutionary Studies","Gynecology and Obstetrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Women's Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26979v1
498 downloads
528 views

Larsson and coworkers recently presented a study in Food and Chemical Toxicology on the cumulative risks to the Danish population from dietary exposure to pesticide residues. They base their analysis on food monitoring data, spray journals, controlled field trials...

["Toxicology","Public Health","Food, Water and Energy Nexus"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26947v1
499 downloads
1,299 views

Low-cost Illumina sequencing of clinically-important bacterial pathogens has generated thousands of publicly available genomic datasets. Analyzing these genomes and extracting relevant information for each pathogen and the associated clinical phenotypes requires...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26890v2
137 downloads
243 views

Background. Early adulthood is a period associated with poor diet and rapid weight gain. This is also an age of transition, including environmental, social and lifestyle changes which may be associated with changes in diet. We assess longitudinal associations between...

["Epidemiology","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26876v1
51 downloads
170 views

Background. Continuous health monitoring of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients is critical to allow uninterrupted access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and sustained viral suppression. Despite public health effort for patient retention in care,...

["HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26788v1
352 downloads
1,057 views

The proposed protocol is for a systematic review and meta-analysis on the effects of whole-grains (WG) on non-communicable diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and obesity. The primary objectives is to explore the mechanisms of...

["Agricultural Science","Nutrition","Public Health","Science and Medical Education","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26710v1
112 downloads
309 views

Two recent researches described the spread of East/Central/South African (ECSA) lineage of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in the Northeastern and Southeastern Brazil (Charlys da Costa et al. 2017, Cunha et al. 2017) . Initial studies in Northern Brazil, as observed...

["Virology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26707v1
99 downloads
182 views

Several studies that analyzed the burden of influenza during the 2009 pandemic found that excess mortality tended to wane or even disappear in equatorial regions, adding to evidence that suggests that seasonal influenza may have a lower impact in tropical settings....

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26705v1
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