Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

Background. Early adulthood is a period associated with poor diet and rapid weight gain. This is also an age of transition, including environmental, social and lifestyle changes which may be associated with changes in diet. We assess longitudinal associations between...

["Epidemiology","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26876v1
25 downloads
66 views

Background. Continuous health monitoring of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients is critical to allow uninterrupted access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and sustained viral suppression. Despite public health effort for patient retention in care,...

["HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26788v1
165 downloads
774 views

The proposed protocol is for a systematic review and meta-analysis on the effects of whole-grains (WG) on non-communicable diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and obesity. The primary objectives is to explore the mechanisms of...

["Agricultural Science","Nutrition","Public Health","Science and Medical Education","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26710v1
56 downloads
217 views

Two recent researches described the spread of East/Central/South African (ECSA) lineage of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in the Northeastern and Southeastern Brazil (Charlys da Costa et al. 2017, Cunha et al. 2017) . Initial studies in Northern Brazil, as observed...

["Virology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26707v1
51 downloads
109 views

Several studies that analyzed the burden of influenza during the 2009 pandemic found that excess mortality tended to wane or even disappear in equatorial regions, adding to evidence that suggests that seasonal influenza may have a lower impact in tropical settings....

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26705v1
15 downloads
54 views

Active transportation and physical activity is a major remedy to health-related problems in our society. According to the World Health Organization, the lack of physical activity is one of the leading risk factors for global mortality as well as health problems...

["Global Health","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26690v1
67 downloads
504 views

Although water and sanitation are considered as a human right, about three out of ten people (2.1 billion) do not have access to safe drinking water. In 2016, 5.6 million students were enrolled in the 33.9% of Brazilian schools located in rural areas. Only 72%...

["Epidemiology","Public Health","Natural Resource Management","Environmental Contamination and Remediation"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26475v1
66 downloads
120 views

Active transportation and physical activity is a major remedy to health-related problems in our society. According to the World Health Organization the lack of physical activity is one of the leading risk factors for global mortality as well as health problems...

["Global Health","Health Policy","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26464v1
61 downloads
134 views

Background. Exposure to noise in everyday urban life is considered to be an environmental stressor. A specific outcome of the reaction from environmental stress is a fast pace of life that also includes a faster pedestrian walking speed. There is a limited amount...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3475v1
114 downloads
205 views

Urban forests can attract visitors by the function of well-being improvement, which can be evaluated by analyzing the big-data from the social networking services (SNS). In this study, 935 facial images of visitors to nine urban forest parks were screened and downloaded...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Biosphere Interactions","Forestry","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3424v1
2,023 downloads
653 views

Blockchain technology can be utilized to improve gun control without changing existing laws. Firearm related mortality is at epidemic levels in the United States and not only has a significant impact upon public health, it also creates a large financial burden....

["Health Policy","Public Health","Legal Issues","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3407v1
64 downloads
182 views

Animal borne rabies is a source of infection in humans, and raccoons (Procyon lotor) are the primary terrestrial reservoir in West Virginia (WV). To assess the behavior and status of raccoon variant rabies virus (RRV) in WV, a longitudinal analysis for the period...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3403v1
51 downloads
150 views

Background Home-initiated tuberculosis (TB) evaluation could improve test uptake and linkage to care among at-risk contacts of active TB index patients. However, there is a need to systematically explore why contacts accept, decline, or are unable to complete these...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3384v1
66 downloads
192 views

Background. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of geographical differences in the age at peak height velocity (APHV) and height at peak height velocity (HPHV) on final height, at a prefectural level, and to evaluate the current average height status...

["Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3381v1
83 downloads
196 views

One of the great challenges in ecology and evolutionary biology is to explain disease, whether caused by infectious agents such as parasites and pathogens, or by the deterioration or transformation of cellular behavior and function, a prime example of the latter...

["Evolutionary Studies","Global Health","Public Health","Translational Medicine","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3378v1
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