Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

33 downloads
111 views

Background. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a prevalent social issue that affects the health and well-being of women globally. In orthopaedics, the prevalence of women who have experienced abuse in the past year is as high as 1 in 6. PRAISE-2 is a multi-centre...

["Epidemiology","Orthopedics","Women's Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26918v1
61 downloads
170 views

Background. Early adulthood is a period associated with poor diet and rapid weight gain. This is also an age of transition, including environmental, social and lifestyle changes which may be associated with changes in diet. We assess longitudinal associations between...

["Epidemiology","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26876v1
88 downloads
271 views

Two recent researches described the spread of East/Central/South African (ECSA) lineage of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in the Northeastern and Southeastern Brazil (Charlys da Costa et al. 2017, Cunha et al. 2017) . Initial studies in Northern Brazil, as observed...

["Virology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26707v1
74 downloads
140 views

Several studies that analyzed the burden of influenza during the 2009 pandemic found that excess mortality tended to wane or even disappear in equatorial regions, adding to evidence that suggests that seasonal influenza may have a lower impact in tropical settings....

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26705v1
39 downloads
124 views

Introduction: Rugby Sevens is one of the fastest growing sports in the world, especially the sevens variant after its inclusion in the Summer Olympics’ programme. The Portuguese University Sevens Championship is an amateur tournament that takes place every year....

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26651v1
85 downloads
568 views

Although water and sanitation are considered as a human right, about three out of ten people (2.1 billion) do not have access to safe drinking water. In 2016, 5.6 million students were enrolled in the 33.9% of Brazilian schools located in rural areas. Only 72%...

["Epidemiology","Public Health","Natural Resource Management","Environmental Contamination and Remediation"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26475v1
569 downloads
744 views

The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) is commonly used for assessing the discriminative ability of prediction models even though the measure is criticized for being clinically irrelevant and lacking an intuitive interpretation....

["Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3468v1
71 downloads
216 views

Animal borne rabies is a source of infection in humans, and raccoons (Procyon lotor) are the primary terrestrial reservoir in West Virginia (WV). To assess the behavior and status of raccoon variant rabies virus (RRV) in WV, a longitudinal analysis for the period...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3403v1
81 downloads
223 views

Background: Haemophilus parasuis is a common porcine respiratory disease that causes high rates of morbidity and mortality in farmed swine. We performed a molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance genes harbored by H. parasuis from pig farms in China....

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3386v1
66 downloads
158 views

Background Home-initiated tuberculosis (TB) evaluation could improve test uptake and linkage to care among at-risk contacts of active TB index patients. However, there is a need to systematically explore why contacts accept, decline, or are unable to complete these...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3384v1
119 downloads
240 views

Setting Seven public tuberculosis (TB) units in Kampala, Uganda, where Uganda’s national TB program recently introduced household contact investigation, as recommended by 2012 guidelines from WHO. Objective To apply a cascade analysis to implementation of household...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3313v1
254 downloads
241 views

This document describes a methodology for continual assessment of the impact of malaria interventions, and the efficiency of the malaria programme. The methodology is designed to be implemented recurrently on a cycle of 2–5 years, with the involvement of stakeholders,...

["Epidemiology","Public Health","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3263v1
96 downloads
251 views

Background. Antimicrobial drugs in veterinary medical practice are primarily prescribed for the purposes of maintaining or improving health and increasing productivity. However, their value is being eroded by antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Indiscriminate use of...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3253v1
57 downloads
441 views

Background: Drugs for dementia have been available in England from 1997. Since their launch, there have been several changes to national guidelines and initiatives that may have influenced prescribing. These include changes in National Institute for health and...

["Neuroscience","Epidemiology","Pharmacology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3238v1
159 downloads
152 views

Objective: In China, the obesity epidemic is truly national and childhood obesity prevalence has rapidly increased and is close to the developed countries. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and temporal trends of overweight and obesity among children...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3207v1
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