Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

176 downloads
409 views

Background. Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a highly infectious disease that has produced over 25,000 cases in the past 50 years. While many past outbreaks resulted in relatively few cases, the 2014 outbreak in West Africa was the most deadly occurrence of EVD to...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3021v2
40 downloads
81 views

The proposed protocol is for a systematic review and meta-analysis on the relationship between vitamin A and body mass. The primary objective is to explore the mechanisms between vitamin A and adiposity such as inflammation, dietary intake and body fat. The secondary...

["Food Science and Technology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27071v1
17 downloads
55 views

The most frequent foreign country of birth was mapped using data from tables B05006 and B05002 (for Puerto Rico) of the American Community Survey, using the 2012-2016 5-year estimates. Census tracts were only shaded when the share of the most frequent country of...

["Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27061v1
18 downloads
88 views

Background. DNA methylation, an important epigenetic mark, is well known for its regulatory role in gene expression, especially the negative regulation in the promoter region. However, its correlation with gene expression at population level has not been well studied....

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genomics","Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27055v1
85 downloads
201 views

The success of intervention projects in ecological systems depends not only on the quality of a management strategy, but also how that strategy plays out among decision makers. Impact network analysis (INA) is a framework for evaluating the likely regional success...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Epidemiology","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27037v1
33 downloads
105 views

Background: Individuals’ observation of how group members ahead of them behave can profoundly shape their perceptions, judgements, and subsequent behaviors. Moreover, social influence theories from the sociology of networks suggest that individuals’ social status...

["Epidemiology","HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27006v2
46 downloads
123 views

Background. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a prevalent social issue that affects the health and well-being of women globally. In orthopaedics, the prevalence of women who have experienced abuse in the past year is as high as 1 in 6. PRAISE-2 is a multi-centre...

["Epidemiology","Orthopedics","Women's Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26918v1
91 downloads
204 views

Background. Early adulthood is a period associated with poor diet and rapid weight gain. This is also an age of transition, including environmental, social and lifestyle changes which may be associated with changes in diet. We assess longitudinal associations between...

["Epidemiology","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26876v1
98 downloads
280 views

Two recent researches described the spread of East/Central/South African (ECSA) lineage of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in the Northeastern and Southeastern Brazil (Charlys da Costa et al. 2017, Cunha et al. 2017) . Initial studies in Northern Brazil, as observed...

["Virology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26707v1
88 downloads
156 views

Several studies that analyzed the burden of influenza during the 2009 pandemic found that excess mortality tended to wane or even disappear in equatorial regions, adding to evidence that suggests that seasonal influenza may have a lower impact in tropical settings....

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26705v1
49 downloads
133 views

Introduction: Rugby Sevens is one of the fastest growing sports in the world, especially the sevens variant after its inclusion in the Summer Olympics’ programme. The Portuguese University Sevens Championship is an amateur tournament that takes place every year....

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26651v1
94 downloads
602 views

Although water and sanitation are considered as a human right, about three out of ten people (2.1 billion) do not have access to safe drinking water. In 2016, 5.6 million students were enrolled in the 33.9% of Brazilian schools located in rural areas. Only 72%...

["Epidemiology","Public Health","Natural Resource Management","Environmental Contamination and Remediation"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26475v1
635 downloads
776 views

The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) is commonly used for assessing the discriminative ability of prediction models even though the measure is criticized for being clinically irrelevant and lacking an intuitive interpretation....

["Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3468v1
77 downloads
246 views

Animal borne rabies is a source of infection in humans, and raccoons (Procyon lotor) are the primary terrestrial reservoir in West Virginia (WV). To assess the behavior and status of raccoon variant rabies virus (RRV) in WV, a longitudinal analysis for the period...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3403v1
87 downloads
245 views

Background: Haemophilus parasuis is a common porcine respiratory disease that causes high rates of morbidity and mortality in farmed swine. We performed a molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance genes harbored by H. parasuis from pig farms in China....

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3386v1
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