Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

557 downloads
480 views

Primary care services in England may be reaching saturation point. Demands to see a GP or practice nurse have increased substantially. Clinical complexity has also increased; patients are living longer, but with more multimorbidity.(1) These demands are mirrored...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Evidence Based Medicine","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.15934v1
84 downloads
315 views

Background. Preanalytic factors such as time and temperature can have significant effects on laboratory test results. For example, ammonium concentration will increase 31% in blood samples stored at room temperature for 30 minutes before centrifugation. To reduce...

["Biochemistry","Veterinary Medicine","Emergency and Critical Care","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Hematology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2398v1
94 downloads
371 views

Unintentional injuries among under-fives represent an important cause of preventable morbidity in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. In-home interventions targeting caregiver safety practices currently show promise in reducing household injury risks. Mobile health (mHealth)...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Epidemiology","Global Health","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2330v2
434 downloads
379 views

A 6-year-old female Shetland Sheepdog with a history of cardiorespiratory compromise during general anaesthesia was referred for ovariohysterectomy surgery. Clinical examination was unremarkable at presentation and physiologic parameters under general anaesthesia...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Emergency and Critical Care","Pharmacology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2275v1
577 downloads
441 views

Objectives: To develop a flexible software application that uses predictive analytics to enable emergency department (ED) decision-makers in virtually any environment to predict the effects of operational interventions and enhance continual process improvement...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1891v2
64 downloads
212 views

The use of the Family Service Coordinator is still a relative newcomer to the organ procurement/transplantation field. Since no comprehensive training and recognition program exists, Lifesharing, A Donate Life Organization, decided to develop a Certified Family...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Psychiatry and Psychology","Ethical Issues","Palliative Care"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1617v1
371 downloads
694 views

Introduction: Frequent presenters (FPs) to the Emergency Department (ED) have been studied heavily in international literature. Many studies suggest that maintaining services for this cohort of patients is wasteful and detracts from the needs of nonfrequent presenters....

["Emergency and Critical Care","Epidemiology","Health Policy","Nursing","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1000v2
84 downloads
305 views

OBJECTIVE: A single PAN scan may provide more radiation to a patient than is felt to be safe within a one-year period. Our objective was to determine how many patients admitted to the trauma service following a PAN scan had prior CT imaging within our six-hospital...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Public Health","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1010v1
71 downloads
464 views

Background: Cultural differences and language barriers may adversely impact patients with respect to understanding the risks/benefits of medical testing. Objective: We hypothesized that there would be no difference in Hispanic vs. non-Hispanic patients’ knowledge...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.993v1
309 downloads
544 views

Background and objectives: Numerous experimental studies have linked cigarette smoking to lung injury. However, it is still debated on whether cigarette smoking is a risk factor for the development of acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS)....

["Clinical Trials","Emergency and Critical Care","Evidence Based Medicine","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.574v1
192 downloads
685 views

Background: Emergency department (ED) fever management algorithms require the clinician to categorize febrile children as ‘ill’ or ‘not ill’ appearing when determining the risk for serious bacterial illness (SBI). This study describes a natural experiment where...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.527v1
907 downloads
723 views

Objectives To measure inter-rater agreement of overall clinical appearance of febrile children aged less than 24 months and to compare methods for doing so.Study Design and setting We performed an observational study of inter-rater reliability of the assessment...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.444v1
173 downloads
493 views

Background: While often first treated in the Emergency Department (ED), identification of sepsis is difficult. Electronic medical record (EMR) clinical decision tools offer a novel strategy for identifying patients with sepsis. The objective of this study was to...

["Emergency and Critical Care"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.279v1
248 downloads
521 views

Background: Pacifier use decreases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). An emergency department (ED) visit may provide an opportunistic ‘teachable moment’ for parents. Objectives: To test the hypotheses (1) that caregivers were less familiar with the...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.167v1
104 downloads
440 views

Background: Do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders are often active in patients with multiple comorbidities and a short natural life expectancy, but limited information exists as to how often these patients undergo high-risk operations and of the perioperative outcomes...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Emergency and Critical Care","Palliative Care","Public Health","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.128v1
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