Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

19 downloads
98 views

Identifying the best framework for two-choice decision-making has been a goal of psychology theory for many decades (Bohil, Szalma, & Hancock, 2015; Macmillan & Creelman, 1991). There are two main candidates: the theory of signal detectability (TSD) (Swets, Tanner...

["Mathematical Biology","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26978v1
35 downloads
105 views

We introduce Julia package ospats+ for optimal sampling design in the context of farm-scale soil carbon auditing. The main difference with package ospats is that ospats+ maximises the expected profit for the farmer, rather than the statistical criterion of estimation...

["Agricultural Science","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26964v2
1,255 downloads
3,353 views

Scientific publications have not traditionally been accompanied by data, either during the peer review process or when published. Concern has arisen that the literature in many fields may contain inaccuracies or errors that cannot be detected without inspecting...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26968v1
52 downloads
173 views

To be effective, a modern marine scientist must be more than smart - they must be skilled. There is extensive literature decrying the state of statistics training at most universities, and it is almost a cliche to say that students should be better communicators...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26952v1
81 downloads
185 views

Moist, high-altitude grasslands of eastern South African harbour rich avian diversity and endemism. This area is also threatened by increasingly intensive agriculture and land conversion for energy production. This conflict is particularly evident at Ingula, an...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26932v1
33 downloads
111 views

Background. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a prevalent social issue that affects the health and well-being of women globally. In orthopaedics, the prevalence of women who have experienced abuse in the past year is as high as 1 in 6. PRAISE-2 is a multi-centre...

["Epidemiology","Orthopedics","Women's Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26918v1
504 downloads
1,386 views

The ongoing evolution of tracer mixing models has resulted in a confusing array of software tools that differ in terms of data inputs, model assumptions, and associated analytic products. Here we introduce MixSIAR, an inclusive, rich, and flexible Bayesian tracer...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Soil Science","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26884v1
893 downloads
3,425 views

There is a massive crisis of confidence in statistical inference, which has largely been attributed to overemphasis on and abuse of hypothesis testing. Much of the abuse stems from failure to recognize that statistical tests not only test hypotheses, but countless...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Statistics","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26857v1
55 downloads
182 views

Deciding sample-size is a key step in any study based on statistical inference. Recently, a pioneer methodology applicable in the multivariate context was proposed by Anderson & Santana-Garcon (2015, DOI: 10.1111/ele.12385). This method is based on estimating the...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26823v1
576 downloads
999 views

We suggest twenty immediately actionable steps to reduce widespread inferential errors related to “statistical significance testing.” Our propositions refer first to the theoretical preconditions for using p-values. They furthermore include wording guidelines as...

["Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3482v3
224 downloads
908 views

The proposed protocol is for a systematic review and meta-analysis on the effects of whole-grains (WG) on non-communicable diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and obesity. The primary objectives is to explore the mechanisms of...

["Agricultural Science","Nutrition","Public Health","Science and Medical Education","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26710v1
340 downloads
603 views

Normalization is the first critical step in microbiome sequencing data analysis used to account for variable library sizes. Current RNA-Seq based normalization methods that have been adapted for microbiome data fail to consider the unique characteristics of microbiome...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3417v3
143 downloads
255 views

In daily life we are often forced to choose between the “lesser of two evils,” yet there remains limited understanding of how the brain encodes choices between aversive stimuli, particularly choices involving hypothetical futures. We tested how choice framing affects...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3340v2
210 downloads
396 views

Color is a central aspect of biology, with important impacts on ecology and evolution. Organismal color may be adaptive or incidental, seasonal or permanent, species- or population-specific, or modified for breeding, defense or camouflage. Thus, measuring and comparing...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26487v1
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