Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

353 downloads
1,396 views

Recovery planning is an essential part of implementing the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA), but conservationists and government agencies recognize challenges with the current planning process. Using data from all U.S. domestic and transboundary ESA-listed species,...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Science Policy","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2882v5
195 downloads
526 views

The timely and accurate dissemination of scientific discoveries is of utmost importance so that scientific knowledge can be advanced and applied to benefit the public. Scientists communicate amongst themselves at conferences, via journal articles, and, increasingly...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27098v1
1,381 downloads
4,244 views

There has been much discussion of a "replication crisis" related to statistical inference, which has largely been attributed to overemphasis on and abuse of hypothesis testing. Much of the abuse stems from failure to recognize that statistical tests not only test...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Statistics","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26857v2
1,338 downloads
2,564 views

This manuscript documents a debate between the two authors on the issue of microplastics in the environment. It was sparked by a recent viewpoint article published by G. A. Burton in Environmental Science and Technology (http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b05463)...

["Ecosystem Science","Science Policy","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26507v6
1,185 downloads
3,212 views

This article proposes quantitative answers to meta-scientific questions including "how much knowledge is attained by a research field?","how rapidly is a field making progress?", "what is the expected reproducibility of a result?", "how much knowledge is lost from...

["Computational Biology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1968v4
410 downloads
744 views

Authorship of publications is the main way scientists received credit for their academic research. But as scientific research projects have become larger and more collaborative, the number of contributors has increased, and so has the potential for disputes over...

["Ethical Issues","Legal Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26987v1
775 downloads
1,152 views

For more than 20 years, panels of experts have recommended that universities collect and publish data on the career outcomes of Ph.D. students. However, little progress has been made. Over the past few years, a handful of universities, including those in the National...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3370v2
555 downloads
1,499 views

A vibrant American biomedical research enterprise requires a constant infusion of young scientists proposing and conducting important, innovative research. Demographic analyses indicate that the biomedical research workforce has been aging, with scientists launching...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26465v2
484 downloads
1,436 views

The institutions of science are in a state of flux. Declining public funding for basic science, the increasingly corporatized administration of universities, increasing “adjunctification” of the professoriate and poor academic career prospects for postdoctoral...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26885v2
561 downloads
709 views

“Open access” has become a central theme of journal reform in academic publishing. In this article, I examine the relationship between open access publishing and an important infrastructural element of a modern research enterprise, scientific literature text mining,...

["Bioinformatics","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Translational Medicine","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2566v2
171 downloads
446 views

The “reproducibility crisis” has been a highly visible source of scientific controversy and dispute. Here, I propose and review several avenues for identifying and prioritizing research studies for the purpose of targeted validation. Of the various proposals discussed,...

["Bioinformatics","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Translational Medicine","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2830v2
92 downloads
225 views

Mangroves are valuable socio-ecological ecosystems that provide vital goods and services to millions of people, including wood, a renewable natural capital, which is the primary source of energy and construction material for several coastal communities in developing...

["Conservation Biology","Science Policy","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Forestry"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26841v1
492 downloads
1,286 views

Scholarly research faces threats to its sustainability on multiple domains (access, incentives, reproducibility, inclusivity). We argue that "after-the-fact" research papers do not help and actually cause some of these threats because the chronology of the research...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26462v2
68 downloads
180 views

Global trends in the establishment of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) as a key tool in the sustainable management of our oceans and seas has reached fever pitch in the last decade. The UK’s efforts over the past decade to develop a MPA network meets multiple international...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Marine Biology","Science Policy","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26806v1
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