Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

16 downloads
69 views

Background. A number of recent high-profile cases have focused attention on scientific misconduct and other problematic issues with the peer review process. The retraction of journal publications is an important part of the scientific publishing process that serves...

["Bioinformatics","Oncology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27427v1
463 downloads
769 views

In response to the editorial “Open access and academic imperialism” by Burgman (2018) and signed by a large group of editors, we wish to express our disappointment with such a narrow and misleading interpretations of the recent attempts to make academic publishing...

["Conservation Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27426v1
97 downloads
216 views

This article reports on a conference workshop conducted at CYTO 2018. During the workshop a new Open Science forum "CYTO Lab Hacks" has been launched within the International Society for the Advancement of Cytometry (ISAC). Its goal is to serve as an open, transparent,...

["Cell Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27300v3
524 downloads
1,255 views

Peer-reviewed journal publication is the main means for academic researchers in the life sciences to create a permanent, public record of their work. These publications are also the de facto currency for career progress, with a strong link between journal brand...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27400v1
293 downloads
437 views

We obviously do not encourage scientific fraud nor misconduct. The goal of this article is to alert the reader to problems that have arisen in part due to the Publish or Perish imperative, which has driven a number of researchers to cross the Rubicon without the...

["Legal Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27395v1
42 downloads
82 views

To curb greenhouse gas emissions and reduce concentrations of toxic substances in Canada’s atmosphere, many pieces of environment legislation are targeted at reducing industrial emissions. Traditional regulation prescribes penalties through fines to discourage...

["Science Policy","Atmospheric Chemistry","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27372v1
93 downloads
148 views

Plastics have become increasingly dominant in the consumer marketplace since their commercial development in the 1930s and 1940s. Global plastic production reached 335 million tons in 2016, a 640% increase since 1975. In 1960, plastics made up less than 1% of municipal...

["Ecosystem Science","Science Policy","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27371v1
1,494 downloads
3,486 views

This article proposes quantitative answers to meta-scientific questions including "how much knowledge is attained by a research field?","how rapidly is a field making progress?", "what is the expected reproducibility of a result?", "how much knowledge is lost from...

["Computational Biology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1968v5
128 downloads
330 views

Gender equity remains a large issue in academia, with women comprising only about one fifth of professors in the US. There are many changes that can be made to increase equity, including institutional policies, cultural change and bottom-up strategies, but these...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27325v1
3,398 downloads
7,974 views

Statistical inference often fails to replicate. One reason is that many results may be selected for drawing inference because some threshold of a statistic like the P-value was crossed, leading to biased reported effect sizes. Nonetheless, considerable non-replication...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Statistics","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26857v4
510 downloads
907 views

Using the term "Open data" has become a bit of a fashion, but using it without clear specifications is misleading i.e. it can be considered just an empty phrase. Probably even worse is the term "Open Science" — can science be NOT open at all? Are we reinventing...

["Ethical Issues","Legal Issues","Science Policy","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27127v2
290 downloads
492 views

A new proposal submission policy announced by the U.S. National Science Foundation Biology Directorate mandates that researchers can serve as principal investigator or co-PI on only one proposal per fiscal year to each of the core tracks of the Divisions of Environmental...

["Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27266v1
91 downloads
162 views

In this study we evaluate the social media uptake of Norwegian articles for the years 2011-2015. We analyse the difference regarding open availability, subject, gender and age. Our dataset consist of over 70000 publications taken from CERES the National Center...

["Science Policy","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27135v1
460 downloads
1,628 views

Recovery planning is an essential part of implementing the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA), but conservationists and government agencies recognize challenges with the current planning process. Using data from all U.S. domestic and transboundary ESA-listed species,...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Science Policy","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2882v5
456 downloads
1,099 views

The timely and accurate dissemination of scientific discoveries is of utmost importance so that scientific knowledge can be advanced and applied to benefit the public. Scientists communicate amongst themselves at conferences, via journal articles, and, increasingly...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27098v1
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