Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

150 downloads
537 views

Authorship of publications is the main way scientists received credit for their academic research. But as scientific research projects have become larger and more collaborative, the number of contributors has increased, and so has the potential for disputes over...

["Ethical Issues","Legal Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26987v1
670 downloads
968 views

For more than 20 years, panels of experts have recommended that universities collect and publish data on the career outcomes of Ph.D. students. However, little progress has been made. Over the past few years, a handful of universities, including those in the National...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3370v2
961 downloads
1,916 views

This manuscript documents a debate between the two authors on the issue of microplastics in the environment. It was sparked by a recent viewpoint article published by G. A. Burton in Environmental Science and Technology (http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b05463)...

["Ecosystem Science","Science Policy","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26507v5
495 downloads
1,454 views

A vibrant American biomedical research enterprise requires a constant infusion of young scientists proposing and conducting important, innovative research. Demographic analyses indicate that the biomedical research workforce has been aging, with scientists launching...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26465v2
436 downloads
1,341 views

The institutions of science are in a state of flux. Declining public funding for basic science, the increasingly corporatized administration of universities, increasing “adjunctification” of the professoriate and poor academic career prospects for postdoctoral...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26885v2
545 downloads
683 views

“Open access” has become a central theme of journal reform in academic publishing. In this article, I examine the relationship between open access publishing and an important infrastructural element of a modern research enterprise, scientific literature text mining,...

["Bioinformatics","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Translational Medicine","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2566v2
163 downloads
426 views

The “reproducibility crisis” has been a highly visible source of scientific controversy and dispute. Here, I propose and review several avenues for identifying and prioritizing research studies for the purpose of targeted validation. Of the various proposals discussed,...

["Bioinformatics","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Translational Medicine","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2830v2
901 downloads
3,437 views

There is a massive crisis of confidence in statistical inference, which has largely been attributed to overemphasis on and abuse of hypothesis testing. Much of the abuse stems from failure to recognize that statistical tests not only test hypotheses, but countless...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Statistics","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26857v1
72 downloads
215 views

Mangroves are valuable socio-ecological ecosystems that provide vital goods and services to millions of people, including wood, a renewable natural capital, which is the primary source of energy and construction material for several coastal communities in developing...

["Conservation Biology","Science Policy","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Forestry"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26841v1
473 downloads
1,228 views

Scholarly research faces threats to its sustainability on multiple domains (access, incentives, reproducibility, inclusivity). We argue that "after-the-fact" research papers do not help and actually cause some of these threats because the chronology of the research...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26462v2
63 downloads
168 views

Global trends in the establishment of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) as a key tool in the sustainable management of our oceans and seas has reached fever pitch in the last decade. The UK’s efforts over the past decade to develop a MPA network meets multiple international...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Marine Biology","Science Policy","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26806v1
577 downloads
1,000 views

We suggest twenty immediately actionable steps to reduce widespread inferential errors related to “statistical significance testing.” Our propositions refer first to the theoretical preconditions for using p-values. They furthermore include wording guidelines as...

["Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3482v3
283 downloads
1,194 views

Recovery planning is an essential part of implementing the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA), but conservationists and government agencies recognize challenges with the current planning process. Using data from all U.S. domestic and transboundary ESA-listed species,...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Science Policy","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2882v4
66 downloads
167 views

The UK recognises the importance of understanding marine ecosystems and biodiversity to achieve its ambition of ‘clean, healthy, safe and biologically diverse seas’. Yet comprehensive UK marine monitoring presents a considerable challenge in terms of the resources...

["Conservation Biology","Marine Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26754v2
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