Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

1,718 downloads
4,752 views

Statistical inference often fails to replicate. One reason is that many results may be selected for drawing inference because some threshold of a statistic like the P-value was crossed, leading to biased effect sizes. Nonetheless, considerable non-replication is...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Statistics","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26857v3
74 downloads
152 views

New lecturers are often put in the position of having to teach at short notice and with no formal teacher training. Therefore, it would seem prudent to try and provide some simple and easily achieved suggestions on teaching practice for new lecturers. This paper...

["Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27185v1
64 downloads
98 views

The modern day medical professional needs to be able to work successfully in a team to ensure that the provision of a full range of care is provided to meet the wide needs of patients. However, traditional team skill training, that is much beloved of many Business...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27188v1
8,152 downloads
13,049 views

Spreadsheets are widely used software tools for data entry, storage, analysis, and visualization. Focusing on the data entry and storage aspects, this paper offers practical recommendations for organizing spreadsheet data to reduce errors and ease later analyses....

["Computational Biology","Science and Medical Education","Statistics","Computational Science","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3183v2
96 downloads
203 views

Background Guidelines are systematically developed recommendations to assist practitioner and patient decisions about treatments for clinical conditions. Researchers, healthcare professionals and policy makers need to be able to retrieve clinical practice guidelines...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Science and Medical Education","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27149v1
399 downloads
984 views

The timely and accurate dissemination of scientific discoveries is of utmost importance so that scientific knowledge can be advanced and applied to benefit the public. Scientists communicate amongst themselves at conferences, via journal articles, and, increasingly...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27098v1
81 downloads
128 views

Bioinformatics is a highly interdisciplinary field providing applications for scientists from many disciplines. Installing and starting applications on the command-line (CL) is a problem for many scientists, nonetheless, most methods are implemented with a CL interface...

["Bioinformatics","Science and Medical Education","Human-Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27095v1
828 downloads
1,219 views

For more than 20 years, panels of experts have recommended that universities collect and publish data on the career outcomes of Ph.D. students. However, little progress has been made. Over the past few years, a handful of universities, including those in the National...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3370v2
3,269 downloads
6,608 views

Scientific publications have not traditionally been accompanied by data, either during the peer review process or when published. Concern has arisen that the literature in many fields may contain inaccuracies or errors that cannot be detected without inspecting...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26968v1
598 downloads
1,540 views

A vibrant American biomedical research enterprise requires a constant infusion of young scientists proposing and conducting important, innovative research. Demographic analyses indicate that the biomedical research workforce has been aging, with scientists launching...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26465v2
513 downloads
1,495 views

The institutions of science are in a state of flux. Declining public funding for basic science, the increasingly corporatized administration of universities, increasing “adjunctification” of the professoriate and poor academic career prospects for postdoctoral...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26885v2
804 downloads
722 views

The rapid increase in volume and complexity of biomedical data requires changes in research, communication, training, and clinical practices. This includes learning how to effectively integrate automated analysis with high-data-density visualizations that clearly...

["Computational Biology","Science and Medical Education","Human-Computer Interaction","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26896v1
122 downloads
326 views

Background Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are technological innovations have been successfully applied in a wide variety of disciplines to deliver quality online education. These courses are an area of intense focus of educational research. Preliminary studies...

["Science and Medical Education","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26879v1
82 downloads
281 views

Introduction Knowledge Translation (KT) is expected to be a critical learning outcome of a Continuing Professional Development (CPD) program. It continues to serve as an area of interest among educators and healthcare providers due to its importance to evidence-based...

["Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26861v1
522 downloads
1,354 views

Scholarly research faces threats to its sustainability on multiple domains (access, incentives, reproducibility, inclusivity). We argue that "after-the-fact" research papers do not help and actually cause some of these threats because the chronology of the research...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26462v2
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