Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

28 downloads
72 views

The 21st century will undeniably represent a major turn in the development of human societies, as Earth’s limiting resources can no longer support the current pace of material consumption (supplemental file S1). In this context, Ripple et al. (2017) identified...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ethical Issues","Natural Resource Management","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27276v1
42 downloads
109 views

Background: Medical decision-making is difficult when information is limited due to rareness. For example, there are two treatment options for patients affected by a rare disease with high lethality. The information about both treatment effects is unavailable or...

["Bioinformatics","Clinical Trials","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27170v1
228 downloads
634 views

Using the term "Open data" has become a bit of a fashion, but using it without clear specifications is misleading i.e. it can be considered just an empty phrase. Probably even worse is the term "Open Science" — can science be NOT open at all? Are we reinventing...

["Ethical Issues","Legal Issues","Science Policy","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27127v1
127 downloads
438 views

The success of personalized medicine does not only rely on methodological advances but also on the availability of data to learn from. While the generation and sharing of large data sets is becoming increasingly easier, there is a remarkable lack of diversity within...

["Genomics","Neuroscience","Ethical Issues","Data Mining and Machine Learning","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27079v1
1,340 downloads
3,334 views

This article proposes quantitative answers to meta-scientific questions including "how much knowledge is attained by a research field?","how rapidly is a field making progress?", "what is the expected reproducibility of a result?", "how much knowledge is lost from...

["Computational Biology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1968v4
468 downloads
1,027 views

Research products that lack transparency and are influenced by confirmation bias lead to barriers that, when left unchecked, propagate throughout the scientific record and lead to wasted research effort. Phylogenetics is particularly vulnerable given its ever-evolving...

["Evolutionary Studies","Ethical Issues"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26585v3
526 downloads
869 views

Authorship of publications is the main way scientists received credit for their academic research. But as scientific research projects have become larger and more collaborative, the number of contributors has increased, and so has the potential for disputes over...

["Ethical Issues","Legal Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26987v1
3,259 downloads
6,587 views

Scientific publications have not traditionally been accompanied by data, either during the peer review process or when published. Concern has arisen that the literature in many fields may contain inaccuracies or errors that cannot be detected without inspecting...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26968v1
513 downloads
1,494 views

The institutions of science are in a state of flux. Declining public funding for basic science, the increasingly corporatized administration of universities, increasing “adjunctification” of the professoriate and poor academic career prospects for postdoctoral...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26885v2
139 downloads
477 views

We describe the scientific community of an India effort, the Bioinfomatics Club for Experimenting Scientists (Bioclues) whose aim works on four avenues, viz. Mentoring, Outreach, Research and Entrepreneurship (MORE). Incepted in the year 2005, the organization...

["Bioinformatics","Biotechnology","Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26503v1
1,112 downloads
4,257 views

Fallibility in science cuts both ways: it poses dilemmas for the scientist who discovers errors in their own work, and for those who discover errors in the work of others. The ethical response to finding errors in one's own work is clear: they should be claimed...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3486v1
3,291 downloads
708 views

Underpowered experiments have three problems: the probability of a false positive result is higher, true effects are harder to detect, and the true effects that are detected tend to have inflated effect sizes. Many biology experiments are underpowered and recent...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Drugs and Devices","Ethical Issues","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3363v1
605 downloads
1,662 views

Objective: To assess industry payments to physician journal editors, and determine how their financial conflict of interest rate compares to all physicians within the specialty. Study Design and Setting: Open Payments is a United States federal program that mandates...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3359v1
2,290 downloads
3,160 views

This preprint document has been developed following discussions among the authors, all of whom work within the medical communications field. These discussions have indicated a clear need for guidance and consistency around conference abstracts and presentations,...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3356v1
1,346 downloads
10,143 views

Abstract Introduction Personality traits differ significantly between professionals, and the biomedical field is no exception. However, whether specific clusters of personality traits are indeed typical for biomedical scientists is unknown. This can be of particular...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3347v1
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