Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

103 downloads
397 views

The success of personalized medicine does not only rely on methodological advances but also on the availability of data to learn from. While the generation and sharing of large data sets is becoming increasingly easier, there is a remarkable lack of diversity within...

["Genomics","Neuroscience","Ethical Issues","Data Mining and Machine Learning","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27079v1
1,185 downloads
3,212 views

This article proposes quantitative answers to meta-scientific questions including "how much knowledge is attained by a research field?","how rapidly is a field making progress?", "what is the expected reproducibility of a result?", "how much knowledge is lost from...

["Computational Biology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1968v4
443 downloads
985 views

Research products that lack transparency and are influenced by confirmation bias lead to barriers that, when left unchecked, propagate throughout the scientific record and lead to wasted research effort. Phylogenetics is particularly vulnerable given its ever-evolving...

["Evolutionary Studies","Ethical Issues"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26585v3
410 downloads
744 views

Authorship of publications is the main way scientists received credit for their academic research. But as scientific research projects have become larger and more collaborative, the number of contributors has increased, and so has the potential for disputes over...

["Ethical Issues","Legal Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26987v1
2,837 downloads
5,937 views

Scientific publications have not traditionally been accompanied by data, either during the peer review process or when published. Concern has arisen that the literature in many fields may contain inaccuracies or errors that cannot be detected without inspecting...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26968v1
484 downloads
1,436 views

The institutions of science are in a state of flux. Declining public funding for basic science, the increasingly corporatized administration of universities, increasing “adjunctification” of the professoriate and poor academic career prospects for postdoctoral...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26885v2
131 downloads
453 views

We describe the scientific community of an India effort, the Bioinfomatics Club for Experimenting Scientists (Bioclues) whose aim works on four avenues, viz. Mentoring, Outreach, Research and Entrepreneurship (MORE). Incepted in the year 2005, the organization...

["Bioinformatics","Biotechnology","Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26503v1
1,045 downloads
4,144 views

Fallibility in science cuts both ways: it poses dilemmas for the scientist who discovers errors in their own work, and for those who discover errors in the work of others. The ethical response to finding errors in one's own work is clear: they should be claimed...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3486v1
3,111 downloads
612 views

Underpowered experiments have three problems: the probability of a false positive result is higher, true effects are harder to detect, and the true effects that are detected tend to have inflated effect sizes. Many biology experiments are underpowered and recent...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Drugs and Devices","Ethical Issues","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3363v1
558 downloads
1,565 views

Objective: To assess industry payments to physician journal editors, and determine how their financial conflict of interest rate compares to all physicians within the specialty. Study Design and Setting: Open Payments is a United States federal program that mandates...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3359v1
1,887 downloads
2,976 views

This preprint document has been developed following discussions among the authors, all of whom work within the medical communications field. These discussions have indicated a clear need for guidance and consistency around conference abstracts and presentations,...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3356v1
1,299 downloads
10,027 views

Abstract Introduction Personality traits differ significantly between professionals, and the biomedical field is no exception. However, whether specific clusters of personality traits are indeed typical for biomedical scientists is unknown. This can be of particular...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3347v1
218 downloads
304 views

Quality disciplines have been widely used for decades in industrial and business fields. It is only in recent times, however, that Quality management and approaches have received proper attention in life science. The development, optimization, validation and dissemination...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Developmental Biology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3316v1
351 downloads
3,009 views

Peer review is the gold standard for scientific communication, but its ability to guarantee the quality of published research remains difficult to verify. Recent modeling studies suggest that peer review is sensitive to reviewer misbehavior, and it has been claimed...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3005v4
162 downloads
488 views

Background Publication bias is a form of scientific misconduct. It threatens the validity of research results and the credibility of science. Although several tests on publication bias exist, no in-depth evaluations are available that suggest which test to use...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3059v1
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