Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

16 downloads
69 views

Background. A number of recent high-profile cases have focused attention on scientific misconduct and other problematic issues with the peer review process. The retraction of journal publications is an important part of the scientific publishing process that serves...

["Bioinformatics","Oncology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27427v1
25 downloads
66 views

Treatment of head louse infestation has evolved from widespread use of neurotoxic insecticides that have been extensively affected by resistance since the mid-1990s into the use of so-called physically acting treatments. It is widely believed that physically acting...

["Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Pharmacology","Public Health","Ethical Issues"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27412v1
46 downloads
75 views

Psychiatric disorders present distinct clinical challenges which are partly attributable to their multifactorial aetiology and the absence of laboratory tests that can be used to confirm diagnosis or predict risk. Psychiatric disorders are highly heritable, but...

["Genetics","Genomics","Ethical Issues","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27392v1
1,494 downloads
3,486 views

This article proposes quantitative answers to meta-scientific questions including "how much knowledge is attained by a research field?","how rapidly is a field making progress?", "what is the expected reproducibility of a result?", "how much knowledge is lost from...

["Computational Biology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1968v5
206 downloads
496 views

Publications in reputed peer reviewed journals are often looked upon as tenets on which future scientific thought is built. Sometimes published information can be flawed and errors in published research should be expediently reported, preferably by a peer review...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ethical Issues","Natural Resource Management","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27349v1
510 downloads
907 views

Using the term "Open data" has become a bit of a fashion, but using it without clear specifications is misleading i.e. it can be considered just an empty phrase. Probably even worse is the term "Open Science" — can science be NOT open at all? Are we reinventing...

["Ethical Issues","Legal Issues","Science Policy","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27127v2
93 downloads
185 views

The 21st century will undeniably represent a major turn in the development of human societies, as Earth’s limiting resources can no longer support the current pace of material consumption (supplemental file S1). In this context, Ripple et al. (2017) identified...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ethical Issues","Natural Resource Management","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27276v1
58 downloads
131 views

Background: Medical decision-making is difficult when information is limited due to rareness. For example, there are two treatment options for patients affected by a rare disease with high lethality. The information about both treatment effects is unavailable or...

["Bioinformatics","Clinical Trials","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27170v1
149 downloads
474 views

The success of personalized medicine does not only rely on methodological advances but also on the availability of data to learn from. While the generation and sharing of large data sets is becoming increasingly easier, there is a remarkable lack of diversity within...

["Genomics","Neuroscience","Ethical Issues","Data Mining and Machine Learning","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27079v1
489 downloads
1,060 views

Research products that lack transparency and are influenced by confirmation bias lead to barriers that, when left unchecked, propagate throughout the scientific record and lead to wasted research effort. Phylogenetics is particularly vulnerable given its ever-evolving...

["Evolutionary Studies","Ethical Issues"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26585v3
609 downloads
1,209 views

Authorship of publications is the main way scientists received credit for their academic research. But as scientific research projects have become larger and more collaborative, the number of contributors has increased, and so has the potential for disputes over...

["Ethical Issues","Legal Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26987v1
3,515 downloads
7,007 views

Scientific publications have not traditionally been accompanied by data, either during the peer review process or when published. Concern has arisen that the literature in many fields may contain inaccuracies or errors that cannot be detected without inspecting...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26968v1
530 downloads
1,522 views

The institutions of science are in a state of flux. Declining public funding for basic science, the increasingly corporatized administration of universities, increasing “adjunctification” of the professoriate and poor academic career prospects for postdoctoral...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26885v2
155 downloads
493 views

We describe the scientific community of an India effort, the Bioinfomatics Club for Experimenting Scientists (Bioclues) whose aim works on four avenues, viz. Mentoring, Outreach, Research and Entrepreneurship (MORE). Incepted in the year 2005, the organization...

["Bioinformatics","Biotechnology","Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26503v1
1,135 downloads
4,319 views

Fallibility in science cuts both ways: it poses dilemmas for the scientist who discovers errors in their own work, and for those who discover errors in the work of others. The ethical response to finding errors in one's own work is clear: they should be claimed...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3486v1
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