Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

377 downloads
866 views

Research products that lack transparency and are influenced by confirmation bias lead to barriers that, when left unchecked, propagate throughout the scientific record and lead to wasted research effort. Phylogenetics is particularly vulnerable given its ever-evolving...

["Evolutionary Studies","Ethical Issues"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26585v3
150 downloads
537 views

Authorship of publications is the main way scientists received credit for their academic research. But as scientific research projects have become larger and more collaborative, the number of contributors has increased, and so has the potential for disputes over...

["Ethical Issues","Legal Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26987v1
2,013 downloads
4,370 views

Scientific publications have not traditionally been accompanied by data, either during the peer review process or when published. Concern has arisen that the literature in many fields may contain inaccuracies or errors that cannot be detected without inspecting...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26968v1
436 downloads
1,341 views

The institutions of science are in a state of flux. Declining public funding for basic science, the increasingly corporatized administration of universities, increasing “adjunctification” of the professoriate and poor academic career prospects for postdoctoral...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26885v2
124 downloads
441 views

We describe the scientific community of an India effort, the Bioinfomatics Club for Experimenting Scientists (Bioclues) whose aim works on four avenues, viz. Mentoring, Outreach, Research and Entrepreneurship (MORE). Incepted in the year 2005, the organization...

["Bioinformatics","Biotechnology","Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26503v1
1,026 downloads
4,030 views

Fallibility in science cuts both ways: it poses dilemmas for the scientist who discovers errors in their own work, and for those who discover errors in the work of others. The ethical response to finding errors in one's own work is clear: they should be claimed...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3486v1
2,983 downloads
524 views

Underpowered experiments have three problems: the probability of a false positive result is higher, true effects are harder to detect, and the true effects that are detected tend to have inflated effect sizes. Many biology experiments are underpowered and recent...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Drugs and Devices","Ethical Issues","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3363v1
534 downloads
1,515 views

Objective: To assess industry payments to physician journal editors, and determine how their financial conflict of interest rate compares to all physicians within the specialty. Study Design and Setting: Open Payments is a United States federal program that mandates...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3359v1
1,612 downloads
2,790 views

This preprint document has been developed following discussions among the authors, all of whom work within the medical communications field. These discussions have indicated a clear need for guidance and consistency around conference abstracts and presentations,...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3356v1
1,165 downloads
9,893 views

Abstract Introduction Personality traits differ significantly between professionals, and the biomedical field is no exception. However, whether specific clusters of personality traits are indeed typical for biomedical scientists is unknown. This can be of particular...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3347v1
166 downloads
296 views

Quality disciplines have been widely used for decades in industrial and business fields. It is only in recent times, however, that Quality management and approaches have received proper attention in life science. The development, optimization, validation and dissemination...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Developmental Biology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3316v1
337 downloads
2,878 views

Peer review is the gold standard for scientific communication, but its ability to guarantee the quality of published research remains difficult to verify. Recent modeling studies suggest that peer review is sensitive to reviewer misbehavior, and it has been claimed...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3005v4
151 downloads
473 views

Background Publication bias is a form of scientific misconduct. It threatens the validity of research results and the credibility of science. Although several tests on publication bias exist, no in-depth evaluations are available that suggest which test to use...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3059v1
1,505 downloads
1,619 views

We previously reported over 150 inconsistencies in a series of four articles (the "pizza papers") from the Cornell Food and Brand Lab that described a study of eating habits at an all-you-can-eat pizza buffet. The lab's initial response led us to investigate more...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3025v1
93 downloads
680 views

Research assessment is the process or a metric which aims to assess the impact of the research study. The assessment may include the process that aims in evaluating the quality or intellect of a researcher given the notion that qualified scientists are more productive...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3015v1
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