Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

54 downloads
216 views

Background. Sustainable purchasing can reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at healthcare facilities (HCF). A previous study found that converting from disposable to reusable sharps containers (DSC, RSC) reduced sharps waste stream GHG by 84% but, in finding transport...

["Ecosystem Science","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26517v2
941 downloads
1,867 views

This manuscript documents a debate between the two authors on the issue of microplastics in the environment. It was sparked by a recent viewpoint article published by G. A. Burton in Environmental Science and Technology (http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b05463)...

["Ecosystem Science","Science Policy","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26507v5
61 downloads
137 views

Antibiotic resistance is medicine’s climate change: caused by human activity, and resulting in more extreme outcomes. Resistance emerges in microbial populations when antibiotics act on phenotypic variance within the population. This can arise from either genotypic...

["Evolutionary Studies","Microbiology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26925v1
474 downloads
1,992 views

Horseshoe crabs have been integral to the safe production of vaccines and injectable medications for the past forty years. The bleeding of live horseshoe crabs, a process that leaves thousands dead annually, is an ecologically unsustainable practice for all four...

["Conservation Biology","Drugs and Devices","Pharmacology","Synthetic Biology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26922v1
53 downloads
144 views

The leachate generated by the direct disposal of solid waste into the soil of terrace number one of the Romerillos sanitary landfill site contaminates the environment. This is visible from an average distance of up to 20m with the presence of dry vegetation cover...

["Data Science","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26907v2
22 downloads
138 views

This paper presents a model of the Ecological Economy as instrument of management lands. The model relates the human capital with natural capital and pursuing the environmental sustainability in primary emphasis in the economic system. The protection of biodiversity...

["Ecology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26871v1
177 downloads
1,810 views

The optimal terminal gear in hook-and-line recreational fishing maximizes landing rates and minimizes injury to the fish because some fish will be released after capture. We designed a novel rig configuration in artificial lure fishing for top predators and examined...

["Natural Resource Management","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26484v2
72 downloads
193 views

Law enforcement is widely regarded as a cornerstone to effective natural resource management. Practical guidelines for the optimal use of enforcement measures are lacking particularly in areas protected under sustainable and/or mixed use management regimes and...

["Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Natural Resource Management","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26843v1
37 downloads
149 views

Zooplankton plays an important role in marine ecosystems by controlling the phytoplankton population, regenerating nutrients and exporting biogenic matter. Their distribution is limited by the environmental characteristics of the pelagic realm, and potential changes...

["Environmental Impacts","Biological Oceanography"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26838v1
65 downloads
181 views

Eelgrass (Zostera marina) beds provide important habitat and food sources for a wide range of associated species both above- and belowground. Organic enrichment and nutrient loading from anthropogenic sources can change eelgrass canopy structure and macroinfauna...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26832v1
53 downloads
176 views

Sclerochronology is presented as an approach to reconstruct, from linear growth records, environmental conditions. This was proposed by analogy with dendrochronology, but shells differ from trees since shells increase in size by terminal, instead of radial, growth....

["Developmental Biology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Mathematical Biology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26827v1
64 downloads
198 views

Background. The Brazilian Atlantic Forest is one of the most diverse and threatened biomes in the world. The fragmentation and deforestation have strong impacts upon biodiversity, and many ecological theories have been brought in discussion in order to predict...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Impacts","Forestry"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26659v2
45 downloads
148 views

Over-exploitation of environmental resources by humans defeats the ideal of sustainability. Trawling, a method of fishing, illustrates such exploitation. Trawling accounts for 57% of marine fish production in India. As a result of lack of selectivity by the cone-shaped...

["Natural Resource Management","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26810v1
166 downloads
673 views

A review of 573 studies on active restoration actions in the marine environment, published in the last 25 years, was carried out at global scale. We assessed how, where, at which spatial and temporal scales and under which socio-ecological settings restoration...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26799v1
105 downloads
196 views

While the potential contribution of a nationally implemented program for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) to developing countries’ budgets remains as yet obscure, two general concerns are that REDD+ will i) incentivize land grabbing...

["Natural Resource Management","Environmental Impacts","Forestry"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26786v2
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