Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

598 downloads
1,231 views

This manuscript documents a debate between the two authors on the issue of microplastics in the environment. It was sparked by a recent viewpoint article published by G. A. Burton in Environmental Science and Technology (http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b05463)...

["Ecosystem Science","Science Policy","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26507v4
24 downloads
67 views

A strong argument can be made that the European Union has the most rigorous regulatory system for pesticides in the world, and that modern pesticide use poses fewer environmental threats than older regimes. Nevertheless, the impacts of pesticides on bees and other...

["Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26856v1
44 downloads
117 views

Blue crabs, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896, are ubiquitous along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States. These organisms play an integral role in the ecosystems of the Gulf of Mexico (GOM), where not only are they a keystone species, but are also...

["Developmental Biology","Marine Biology","Toxicology","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26750v1
39 downloads
112 views

Background. Metal contamination in soils affects both above and belowground communities, including soil microorganisms. Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi are an important component in belowground community and tolerant strains have great potential in enhancing plant-based...

["Microbiology","Mycology","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26549v1
116 downloads
3,028 views

Background. Pesticidal RNAs silencing critical gene function have great potential in pest management, but the benefits of this technology must be weighed against non-target organism risks. Methods. Published studies that developed pesticidal dsRNAs were collated...

["Biotechnology","Ecology","Entomology","Toxicology","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3287v1
76 downloads
316 views

The use of biological models has been recognized as very important in nanoecotoxicology for the understanding of Nanoparticle (NP) ecotoxicological effects. This study aimed to assess, for the first time, the chronic toxicity of Zinc Oxide NPs (ZnO NPs) on survival...

["Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3276v1
148 downloads
523 views

This paper presents the ecotoxicological assessment and environmental risk evaluation of complex pesticide mixtures occurring in freshwater ecosystems in southern Sweden. The evaluation is based on exposure data collected between 2002 and 2013 by the Swedish pesticide...

["Agricultural Science","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2779v2
180 downloads
258 views

Neonicotinoid are the most commonly used class of insecticides. Between 2005 and 2010 neonicotinoid use in the USA and UK more than doubled. Anecdotal evidence suggests similar trends exist in New Zealand, where neonicotinoid seed coatings are now often applied...

["Agricultural Science","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2919v1
77 downloads
531 views

Registration dossiers for 11678 industrial chemicals were retrieved from the database of the European Chemicals Agency, of which 3566 provided a numerical entry for the corresponding predicted no effect concentration for the freshwater environment (PNEC). A distribution-based...

["Agricultural Science","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2785v2
233 downloads
279 views

Water quality benchmarks are developed by many jurisdictions worldwide with the general goal of identifying concentrations that protect aquatic communities. Imidacloprid is a widely-used neonicotinoid insecticide for which benchmark values vary widely between North...

["Agricultural Science","Ecosystem Science","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2584v1
466 downloads
2,612 views

Herbicide use is among the most criticized aspects of modern farming operations, especially in response to widespread adoption of genetically-engineered (GE) herbicide-resistant crops. Many previous analyses of herbicide use have relied on flawed metrics in an...

["Agricultural Science","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2540v1
129 downloads
277 views

Habitat structure influences the diversity and distribution of organisms, potentially affecting their response to disturbances by either affecting their ‘susceptibility’ or through the provision of resources that can mitigate impacts of disturbances. Chemical disturbances...

["Ecology","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1783v1
184 downloads
659 views

Microplastics are an issue of international concern due to the fact that these substances may potentially threaten biota by (i) causing physical harm, (ii) transporting persistent, bioaccumulating and toxic (PBT) substances and, (iii) leaching plastic additives....

["Biosphere Interactions","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1629v1
90 downloads
239 views

Limited information exists regarding complex interactions between biological invasions, pollution, and climate change. Most studies indicate that pollution tends to favor invasive species. Here, we provide evidence that arsenic (As) pollution may contribute to...

["Biodiversity","Biosphere Interactions","Climate Change Biology","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1508v1
215 downloads
275 views

Mangrove sediment harbors a unique microbiome and is a hospitable environment for the growth of a diverse group of bacteria capable of oil biodegradation. Our goal was to understand bacterial community dynamics from mangrove sediments under heavy-oil contamination...

["Ecology","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1398v1
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