Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

The antibacterial agent Triclosan (TCS) is an ubiquitous environmental contaminant due to its widespread use. Sensitivity to TCS varies substantially among eu- and pro-karyotic species and its risk for the marine environment remains to be better elucidated. In...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Genetics","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27125v1
46 downloads
366 views

Background Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been widely used in many commercial products due to their excellent antibacterial ability. The AgNPs are released into the environment, gradually accumulate in the ocean, and may affect animals at high trophic level,...

["Toxicology","Veterinary Medicine","Immunology","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27049v1
28 downloads
72 views

The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) is a protected ecosystem, listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1981. It runs for approximately 3000km along the coastline in north-eastern Australia. A total of thirty-five major river basins discharge to the GBR and many transport...

["Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27046v1
1,338 downloads
2,564 views

This manuscript documents a debate between the two authors on the issue of microplastics in the environment. It was sparked by a recent viewpoint article published by G. A. Burton in Environmental Science and Technology (http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b05463)...

["Ecosystem Science","Science Policy","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26507v6
77 downloads
180 views

This objective of this study was to quantify consumption of clothianidin-treated corn seed by birds following standard planting practices. Post-planting seed counts on 21 fields in southwestern Ontario, Canada, demonstrated that a small proportion of total sown...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26986v1
244 downloads
210 views

A strong argument can be made that the European Union has the most rigorous regulatory system for pesticides in the world, and that modern pesticide use poses fewer environmental threats than older regimes. Nevertheless, the impacts of pesticides on bees and other...

["Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26856v1
73 downloads
205 views

Blue crabs, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896, are ubiquitous along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States. These organisms play an integral role in the ecosystems of the Gulf of Mexico (GOM), where not only are they a keystone species, but are also...

["Developmental Biology","Marine Biology","Toxicology","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26750v1
52 downloads
213 views

Background. Metal contamination in soils affects both above and belowground communities, including soil microorganisms. Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi are an important component in belowground community and tolerant strains have great potential in enhancing plant-based...

["Microbiology","Mycology","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26549v1
133 downloads
3,099 views

Background. Pesticidal RNAs silencing critical gene function have great potential in pest management, but the benefits of this technology must be weighed against non-target organism risks. Methods. Published studies that developed pesticidal dsRNAs were collated...

["Biotechnology","Ecology","Entomology","Toxicology","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3287v1
112 downloads
388 views

The use of biological models has been recognized as very important in nanoecotoxicology for the understanding of Nanoparticle (NP) ecotoxicological effects. This study aimed to assess, for the first time, the chronic toxicity of Zinc Oxide NPs (ZnO NPs) on survival...

["Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3276v1
188 downloads
798 views

This paper presents the ecotoxicological assessment and environmental risk evaluation of complex pesticide mixtures occurring in freshwater ecosystems in southern Sweden. The evaluation is based on exposure data collected between 2002 and 2013 by the Swedish pesticide...

["Agricultural Science","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2779v2
227 downloads
288 views

Neonicotinoid are the most commonly used class of insecticides. Between 2005 and 2010 neonicotinoid use in the USA and UK more than doubled. Anecdotal evidence suggests similar trends exist in New Zealand, where neonicotinoid seed coatings are now often applied...

["Agricultural Science","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2919v1
100 downloads
876 views

Registration dossiers for 11678 industrial chemicals were retrieved from the database of the European Chemicals Agency, of which 3566 provided a numerical entry for the corresponding predicted no effect concentration for the freshwater environment (PNEC). A distribution-based...

["Agricultural Science","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2785v2
279 downloads
323 views

Water quality benchmarks are developed by many jurisdictions worldwide with the general goal of identifying concentrations that protect aquatic communities. Imidacloprid is a widely-used neonicotinoid insecticide for which benchmark values vary widely between North...

["Agricultural Science","Ecosystem Science","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2584v1
547 downloads
2,851 views

Herbicide use is among the most criticized aspects of modern farming operations, especially in response to widespread adoption of genetically-engineered (GE) herbicide-resistant crops. Many previous analyses of herbicide use have relied on flawed metrics in an...

["Agricultural Science","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2540v1
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